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Turkey


Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b4/Flag_of_Turkey.svg/50px-Flag_of_Turkey.svg.png

Description. Lang: en

Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti [ˈtyɾcije dʒumˈhuːɾijeti] (listen)), is a transcontinental country located mostly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeastern Europe. East Thrace, the part of Turkey in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosporus and the Dardanelles (collectively called the Turkish Straits). Istanbul, mostly located on the European side, is the largest city in the country while Ankara is the capital. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest, the Black Sea to its north, Georgia to its northeast, Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to its east, Iraq and Syria to its southeast, the Mediterranean Sea to its south, and the Aegean Sea to its west. Approximately 70 to 80 percent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish, while Kurds are the largest minority at anywhere from 15 to 20 percent of the population.
At various points in its history, the region has been inhabited by diverse civilisations including the Assyrians, Greeks, Thracians, Phrygians, Urartians, and Armenians. Hellenization started during the era of Alexander the Great and continued into the Byzantine era. The Seljuk Turks began migrating into the area in the 11th century, and their victory over the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 symbolises the start and foundation of Turkey. The Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion in 1243, when it disintegrated into small principalities called beyliks. Beginning in the late 13th century, the Ottomans started uniting beyliks and conquering the Balkans. After Mehmed II conquered Constantinople in 1453, Ottoman expansion continued under Selim I. During the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent the Ottoman Empire encompassed much of Southeast Europe, West Asia and North Africa and became a world power. Beginning from the late 18th century the empire entered a period of decline with a gradual loss of territories and wars. In an effort to consolidate the weakening social and political foundations of the empire, Mahmut II started a period of modernisation in the early 19th century, bringing reforms in all areas of the state including the military and bureaucracy along with the emancipation of all citizens.In 1913, a coup d'état effectively put the country under the control of the Three Pashas who were largely responsible for the Empire's entry into World War I in 1914. During World War I, the Ottoman government committed genocides against its Armenian, Assyrian and Pontic Greek subjects. Following the war, the conglomeration of territories and peoples that formerly comprised the Ottoman Empire was partitioned into several new states. The Turkish War of Independence, initiated by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his colleagues against occupying Allied Powers, resulted in the abolition of monarchy in 1922 and the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, with Atatürk as its first president. Atatürk enacted numerous reforms, many of which incorporated various aspects of Western thought, philosophy, and customs into the new form of Turkish government. The conflict between the state and Kurdish insurgents, has been active since 1984 primarily in the southeast of the country. Various Kurdish groups demand separation from Turkey to create an independent Kurdistan or to have autonomy and greater political and cultural rights for Kurds in Turkey.
Turkey is a charter member of the UN, an early member of NATO, the IMF, and the World Bank, and a founding member of the OECD, OSCE, BSEC, OIC, and G-20. After becoming one of the first members of the Council of Europe in 1949, Turkey became an associate member of the EEC in 1963, joined the EU Customs Union in 1995, and started accession negotiations with the European Union in 2005, which were effectively stopped by the EU in 2018.  Turkey's economy and diplomatic initiatives led to its recognition as a regional power, while its location has given it geopolitical and strategic importance throughout history. Turkey is a secular, unitary, formerly parliamentary republic that adopted a presidential system with a referendum in 2017; the new system came into effect with the presidential election in 2018. Turkey's current administration, headed by president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of the AKP, has enacted measures to increase the influence of Islam and undermine Kemalist policies and freedom of the press.
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Turkey

Turkey

Country in the Middle East

  • Desc: Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mostly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeastern Europe.
  • URL: http://www.turkiye.gov.tr
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey
  • Type: Thing, AdministrativeArea, Country, Place
  • Result Score: 23213.48
Turkey national football team

Turkey national football team

Football team

  • Desc: The Turkey national football team represents Turkey in men's international football and it's controlled by the Turkish Football Federation, the governing body for football in Turkey. The team represents both FIFA and UEFA.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_national_football_team
  • Type: Thing, SportsTeam
  • Result Score: 5534.51
Turkey

Turkey

Birds

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 3145.28
Wild turkey

Wild turkey

Birds

  • Desc: The wild turkey is an upland ground bird native to North America, one of two extant species of turkey, and the heaviest member of the diverse Galliformes.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wild_turkey
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 2414.48
Turkey

Turkey

Birds

  • Desc: The turkey is a large bird in the genus Meleagris, which is native to the Americas. The genus has two extant species: the wild turkey of North America and the ocellated turkey.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_(bird)
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 2062.06
Türkiye İş Bankası

Türkiye İş Bankası

Bank

Fox

Fox

TV network

Turkey women's national volleyball team

Turkey women's national volleyball team

Volleyball team

Turkey meat

Meat

Turkey national basketball team

Basketball team

  • Desc: The Turkey national basketball team represents Turkey in international basketball tournaments. They are governed by the Turkish Basketball Federation. Their nickname is the 12 Dev Adam, meaning 12 Giant Men. Turkey has competed at every major international basketball tournament.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_national_basketball_team
  • Type: Thing, SportsTeam
  • Result Score: 1335.66
ATV

ATV

Television network

  • Desc: ATV is a Turkish free-to-air television network that was launched in September 1993. ATV is an acronym of Actual Television. As of August 2013, ATV is Turkey's 1st popular channel with a market share of 22 %.
  • URL: http://www.atv.com.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ATV_(Turkey)
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 1212.78
Antalya

Antalya

City in Turkey

  • Desc: Antalya is the fifth-most populous city in Turkey and the capital of Antalya Province. Located on Anatolia's southwest coast bordered by the Taurus Mountains, Antalya is the largest Turkish city on the Mediterranean coast with over one million people in its metropolitan area.
  • URL: http://www.antalya.bel.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antalya
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 617.44
Red lionfish

Red lionfish

Fish

  • Desc: The red lionfish is a venomous coral reef fish in the family Scorpaenidae, order Scorpaeniformes. P. volitans is native to the Indo-Pacific region, but has become an invasive species in the Caribbean Sea, as well as along the East Coast of the United States and East Mediterranean.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_lionfish
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 614.01
Ankara

Ankara

Capital of Turkey

  • Desc: Ankara, historically known as Ancyra and Angora, is the capital of Turkey. With a population of 4,587,558 in the urban centre and 5,150,072 in its province, it is Turkey's second largest city after Istanbul, having outranked İzmir in the 20th century.
  • URL: http://www.ankara.gov.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankara
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 573.07

Directorate of Religious Affairs

Religious institution in Ankara, Turkey

Ministry of Health

Ministry of Health

Government ministry

Anatolia

Anatolia

Region

  • Desc: Anatolia, also known as Asia Minor, Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula or the Anatolian plateau, is a large peninsula in West Asia and the westernmost protrusion of the Asian continent. It makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anatolia
  • Type: Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 420.49
Gaziantep

Gaziantep

City in Turkey

  • Desc: Gaziantep, previously and still informally called Antep, is the capital of Gaziantep Province, in the western part of Turkey's Southeastern Anatolia Region, some 185 kilometres east of Adana and 97 kilometres north of Aleppo, Syria.
  • URL: http://www.gaziantep-bld.gov.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaziantep
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 400.85
Alanya

Alanya

City in Turkey

  • Desc: Alanya, formerly Alaiye, is a beach resort city and a component district of Antalya Province on the southern coast of Turkey, in the country's Mediterranean Region, 138 kilometres east of the city of Antalya.
  • URL: http://www.alanya.bel.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alanya
  • Type: City, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 386.09
Adana

Adana

City in Turkey

Diyarbakır

Diyarbakır

City in Turkey

  • Desc: Diyarbakır is one of the largest cities in southeastern Turkey and it is often considered the unofficial capital of Northern Kurdistan. Situated on the banks of the Tigris River, it is the administrative capital of the Diyarbakır Province. It is the third-largest city in Turkey's Southeastern Anatolia Region, after Şanlıurfa and Gaziantep. It has been a focal point of the conflict between the Turkish state and various Kurdish insurgent groups.
  • URL: http://www.diyarbakir-bld.gov.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diyarbak%C4%B1r
  • Type: Thing, Place, LandmarksOrHistoricalBuildings, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 380.52
Grand National Assembly of Turkey

Grand National Assembly of Turkey

Governmental body

  • Desc: The Grand National Assembly of Turkey, usually referred to simply as the TBMM or Parliament, is the unicameral Turkish legislature. It is the sole body given the legislative prerogatives by the Turkish Constitution. It was founded in Ankara on 23 April 1920 in the midst of the National Campaign.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_National_Assembly_of_Turkey
  • Type: Organization, Thing
  • Result Score: 372.40
Bursa

Bursa

City in Turkey

  • Desc: Bursa is a large city in Turkey, located in northwestern Anatolia, within the Marmara Region. The fourth most populous city in Turkey and second most populous in Marmara Region, Bursa functions as one of the industrial and trade centres of Turkey.
  • URL: http://www.bursa.bel.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bursa
  • Type: Thing, Place, LandmarksOrHistoricalBuildings, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 369.57
Turkey vulture

Turkey vulture

Birds

  • Desc: The turkey vulture, also known in some North American regions as the turkey buzzard, and in some areas of the Caribbean as the John crow or carrion crow, is the most widespread of the New World vultures.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_vulture
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 356.37
Bratwurst

Bratwurst

Sausage

  • Desc: Bratwurst is a type of German sausage made from veal, beef, or most commonly pork. The name is derived from the Old High German Brätwurst, from brät-, finely chopped meat, and Wurst, sausage, although in modern German it is often associated with the verb braten, to pan fry or roast.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bratwurst
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 353.77
Turkish cuisine

Turkish cuisine

Cuisine

  • Desc: Turkish cuisine is largely the heritage of Ottoman cuisine, which can be described as a fusion and refinement of Central Asian, Middle Eastern, Eastern European and Balkan cuisines.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_cuisine
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 351.79
Şanlıurfa

Şanlıurfa

City in Turkey

  • Desc: Urfa, officially known as Şanlıurfa; Arabic: al-Ruha‎; Kurdish: Riha; Armenian: Ուռհա, romanized: Uṙha; Aramaic|ܐܘܪܗܝ|Ōrhāy and known in ancient times as Edessa, is a city with a population of over 2 million residents in south-eastern Turkey, and the capital of Şanlıurfa Province.
  • URL: http://www.sanliurfa.gov.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urfa
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 345.33
Kuşadası

Kuşadası

Town in Turkey

  • Desc: Kuşadası is a resort town on Turkey's Aegean coast, and the center of the seaside district of the same name within Aydın Province. Kuşadası is 95 km south of İzmir, and 71 km from Aydın. The municipality's primary industry is tourism.
  • URL: http://www.kusadasi.gov.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ku%C5%9Fadas%C4%B1
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 326.51
Turkey women's national football team

Turkey women's national football team

Football team

  • Desc: The Turkey women's national football team represents Turkey in international women's football. The team was established in 1995, and compete in the qualification for UEFA Women's Championship and the UEFA qualifying of FIFA Women's World Cup.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_women's_national_football_team
  • Type: Organization, Thing, SportsTeam
  • Result Score: 301.48
Kayseri

Kayseri

City in Turkey

  • Desc: Kayseri is a large industrialised city in Central Anatolia, Turkey. It is the seat of Kayseri Province. The city of Kayseri, as defined by the boundaries of Kayseri Metropolitan Municipality, is structurally composed of five metropolitan districts, the two core districts of Kocasinan and Melikgazi, and since 2004, also Hacılar, İncesu and Talas.
  • URL: http://www.kayseri.gov.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kayseri
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 298.07
Domestic turkey

Domestic turkey

Birds

  • Desc: The domestic turkey is a large fowl, one of the two species in the genus Meleagris and the same as the wild turkey. Although turkey domestication was thought to have occurred in central Mesoamerica at least 2,000 years ago, recent research suggests a possible second domestication event in the Southwestern United States between 200 BC and AD 500.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domestic_turkey
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 297.93
Fethiye

Fethiye

City in Turkey

Samsun

Samsun

City in Turkey

  • Desc: Samsun is a city on the north coast of Turkey with a population over half a million people. It is the provincial capital of Samsun Province and a major Black Sea port.
  • URL: http://www.samsun.bel.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samsun
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 280.76
Karaman

Karaman

City in Turkey

  • Desc: Karaman is a city in south central Turkey, located in Central Anatolia, north of the Taurus Mountains, about 100 km south of Konya. It is the capital district of the Karaman Province. According to 2000 census, the population of the province is 231,872 of which 132,064 live in the town of Karaman. The district covers an area of 3,686 km², and the town lies at an average elevation of 1,039 m. The Karaman Museum is one of the major sights.
  • URL: http://www.karaman.bel.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karaman
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 280.17
Malatya

Malatya

City in Turkey

Sivas

Sivas

City in Turkey

  • Desc: Sivas is a city in central Turkey and the seat of Sivas Province. The city, which lies at an elevation of 1,278 metres in the broad valley of the Kızılırmak river, is a moderately-sized trade center and industrial city, although the economy has traditionally been based on agriculture.
  • URL: http://www.sivas.gov.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sivas
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 253.75
Erzurum

Erzurum

City in Turkey

  • Desc: Erzurum is a city in eastern Anatolia. It is the largest city in and eponymous capital of Erzurum Province. It is situated 1757 meters above sea level. Erzurum had a population of 361,235 in the 2000 census, increasing to 367,250 by 2010. As Ancient Theodosiopolis in Armenia, the former bishopric remains a Latin Catholic titular see.
  • URL: http://www.erzurum.gov.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erzurum
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 253.36
Side

Side

City in Turkey

  • Desc: Side is a city on the southern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. It includes the modern resort town and the ruins of the ancient city of Side, one of the best-known classical sites in the country.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Side,_Turkey
  • Type: City, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 252.60
Balıkesir

Balıkesir

City in Turkey

Maize

Maize

Plants

  • Desc: Maize, also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maize
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 249.19
Denizli

Denizli

City in Turkey

  • Desc: Denizli is an industrial city in the southwestern part of Turkey and the eastern end of the alluvial valley formed by the river Büyük Menderes, where the plain reaches an elevation of about three hundred and fifty metres.
  • URL: http://www.denizli.gov.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denizli
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 245.40
Turkey men's national volleyball team

Turkey men's national volleyball team

Volleyball team

Elâzığ

Elâzığ

City in Turkey

  • Desc: Elazığ, formerly Mamuretülaziz, is a city in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey, and the administrative centre of Elazığ Province. It is located in the uppermost Euphrates valley. The plain on which the city extends has an altitude of 1,067 metres.
  • URL: http://www.elazig.bel.tr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elaz%C4%B1%C4%9F
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 213.96
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