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Sarasvati River

Description. Lang: en

The Sarasvati River (IAST: sárasvatī nadī́) was one of the  Rigvedic rivers mentioned in the Rig Veda and later Vedic and post-Vedic texts. The Sarasvati River played an important role in the Vedic religion, appearing in all but the fourth book of the Rigveda.
The goddess Sarasvati was originally a personification of this river, but later developed an independent identity. The Sarasvati is also considered by Hindus to exist in a metaphysical form, in which it formed a confluence with the sacred rivers Ganges and Yamuna, at the Triveni Sangam. According to Michael Witzel, superimposed on the Vedic Sarasvati river is the heavenly river Milky Way, which is seen as "a road to immortality and heavenly after-life."Rigvedic and later Vedic texts have been used to propose identification with present-day rivers, or ancient riverbeds. The Nadistuti hymn in the Rigveda (10.75) mentions the Sarasvati between the Yamuna in the east and the Sutlej in the west. Later Vedic texts like the Tandya and Jaiminiya Brahmanas, as well as the Mahabharata, mention that the Sarasvati dried up in a desert.
Since the late 19th-century, scholars have identified the Vedic Saraswati river as the Ghaggar-Hakra River system, which flows through northwestern India and eastern Pakistan, between the Yamuna and the Sutlej. Satellite images have pointed to the more significant river once following the course of the present day Ghaggar River. Scholars have observed that major Indus Valley Civilization sites at Kalibangan (Rajasthan), Banawali and Rakhigarhi (Haryana), Dholavira and Lothal (Gujarat) also lay along this course.However, identification of the Vedic Sarasvati with the Ghaggar-Hakra system is problematic, since the Ghaggar-Hakra is not only mentioned separately in the Rig Veda river, but is described as having dried up by the time of the composition of the Vedas and Hindu epics. In the words of Annette Wilke, the Ghaggar-Hakra had been reduced to a "small, sorry trickle in the desert", by the time that the Vedic people migrated into north-west India.  Recent geophysical research suggests that the Ghaggar-Hakra system was a system of monsoon-fed rivers and that the Indus Valley Civilisation may have declined as a result of climate change. That is, the monsoons that fed the rivers diminished at around the time civilisation diminished some 4,000 years ago."Sarasvati" may also be identified with the Helmand or Haraxvati river in southern Afghanistan, the name of which may have been reused in its Sanskrit form as the name of the Ghaggar-Hakra river, after the Vedic tribes moved to the Punjab. Sarasvati of the Rig Veda may also refer to two distinct rivers, with the family books referring to the Helmand River, and the more recent 10th mandala referring to the Ghaggar-Hakra.
The identification with the Ghaggar-Hakra system took on new significance in the early 21st century, with some suggesting an earlier dating of the Rig Veda; renaming the Indus Valley Civilisation as the "Sarasvati culture", the "Sarasvati Civilization", the "Indus-Sarasvati Civilization" or the "Sindhu-Sarasvati Civilization," suggesting that the Indus Valley and Vedic cultures can be equated; and rejecting the Indo-Aryan migrations theory, which postulates a migration at 1500 BCE.
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Sarasvati River

Sarasvati River

River

  • Desc: The Sarasvati River was one of the Rigvedic rivers mentioned in the Rig Veda and later Vedic and post-Vedic texts. The Sarasvati River played an important role in the Vedic religion, appearing in all but the fourth book of the Rigveda.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarasvati_River
  • Type: Place, Thing, RiverBodyOfWater, BodyOfWater
  • Result Score: 2978.17

The River Sarasvati

Book by S. Kalyanaraman

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 2.00
Indus River

Indus River

River in Asia

  • Desc: The Indus River is one of the longest rivers in Asia. Originating in the Tibetan Plateau in the vicinity of Lake Manasarovar, the river runs a course through the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, India, towards the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan and the Hindukush ranges, and then flows in a southerly direction along the entire length of Pakistan to merge into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi in Sindh.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indus_River
  • Type: Place, Thing, RiverBodyOfWater, BodyOfWater
  • Result Score: 1.87

Sarasvati: II. The River Dries and Disappears

Song by Simon Bilger

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00

Sarasvati River

Song

  • Type: MusicRecording, Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00

Sarasvati: I. The River Ows from the Himalaya to the Ganges

Song by Simon Bilger

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00

Sarasvati River

Song by Simon Bilger

  • Type: MusicRecording, Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00

Sarasvati River

Song by Simon Bilger

  • Type: MusicRecording, Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00

Sarasvati River

Song

  • Type: MusicRecording, Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00

Sarasvati River

Song by Jean-Pierre Labreche

  • Type: MusicRecording, Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00

Sarasvati River

Song

  • Type: MusicRecording, Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00

Sarasvati River

Song

  • Type: MusicRecording, Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00

Meditation On Sarasvati River

Song by Jean-Pierre Labreche

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00
Yamuna

Yamuna

Tributary in India

  • Desc: The Yamuna, also known as the Jumna or Jamna, is the second largest tributary river of the Ganges and the longest tributary in India.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamuna
  • Type: Thing, Place, TouristAttraction, RiverBodyOfWater, BodyOfWater
  • Result Score: 0.97
Ghaggar-Hakra River

Ghaggar-Hakra River

River in India

  • Desc: The Ghaggar-Hakra River is an intermittent, endorheic river in India and Pakistan that flows only during the monsoon season. The river is known as Ghaggar before the Ottu barrage and as the Hakra downstream of the barrage.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghaggar-Hakra_River
  • Type: Place, Thing, RiverBodyOfWater, BodyOfWater
  • Result Score: 0.35
Helmand River

Helmand River

River in Afghanistan

  • Desc: The Helmand River is the longest river in Afghanistan and the primary watershed for the endorheic Sistan Basin. This river is possibly the Sarasvati river which is described in the Rig Veda..
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmand_River
  • Type: Place, Thing, RiverBodyOfWater, BodyOfWater
  • Result Score: 0.31
Ganges

Ganges

River in India

  • Desc: The Ganges, or Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through India and Bangladesh. The 2,525 km river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India and Bangladesh, eventually emptying into the Bay of Bengal.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ganges
  • Type: Cemetery, Thing, TouristAttraction, RiverBodyOfWater, Place, BodyOfWater
  • Result Score: 0.14
Adi Badri, Haryana

Adi Badri, Haryana

Hindu temple in Paniwala, India

  • Desc: Adi Badri, also Sri Sarasvati Udgam Tirath, is a tourist site of archaeological, religious and ecological signifiance in a forest area in the foothills of the Sivalik Hills in Bhabar area, situated in northern part of Yamunanagar district, of the north Indian state of Haryana.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adi_Badri,_Haryana
  • Type: Thing, TouristAttraction, Place
  • Result Score: 0.10
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