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Neville Chamberlain

Description. Lang: en

Arthur Neville Chamberlain  (; 18 March 1869 – 9 November 1940) was a British Conservative statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940. Chamberlain is best known for his foreign policy of appeasement, and in particular for his signing of the Munich Agreement in 1938, conceding the German-speaking Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia to Germany. When Adolf Hitler invaded Poland, the UK declared war on Germany on 3 September 1939, and Chamberlain led Britain through the first eight months of the Second World War.
After working in business and local government, and after a short spell as Director of National Service in 1916 and 1917, Chamberlain followed his father, Joseph Chamberlain, and older half-brother, Austen Chamberlain, in becoming a Member of Parliament in the 1918 general election for the new Birmingham Ladywood division at the age of 49. He declined a junior ministerial position, remaining a backbencher until 1922. He was rapidly promoted in 1923 to Minister of Health and then Chancellor of the Exchequer. After a short-lived Labour-led government, he returned as Minister of Health, introducing a range of reform measures from 1924 to 1929. He was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer in the National Government in 1931.
When Stanley Baldwin retired in May 1937, Chamberlain took his place as Prime Minister. His premiership was dominated by the question of policy towards an increasingly aggressive Germany, and his actions at Munich were widely popular among the British at the time. When Hitler continued his aggression, Chamberlain pledged Britain to defend Poland's independence if the latter were attacked, an alliance that brought his country into war when Germany and the Soviet Union invaded Poland in 1939. Chamberlain resigned the premiership on 10 May 1940 as the Allies were being forced to retreat from Norway, as he believed that a government supported by all parties was essential, and the Labour and Liberal parties would not join a government he headed. He was succeeded by Winston Churchill but remained very well regarded in Parliament, especially among Conservatives. Before ill health forced him to resign, he was an important member of Churchill's war cabinet as Lord President of the Council, heading the Cabinet in the new premier's absence. Chamberlain died of cancer six months after leaving the premiership.
Chamberlain's reputation remains controversial among historians, the initial high regard for him being entirely eroded by books such as Guilty Men, published in July 1940, which blamed Chamberlain and his associates for the Munich accord and for allegedly failing to prepare the country for war. Most historians in the generation following Chamberlain's death held similar views, led by Churchill in The Gathering Storm. Some later historians have taken a more favourable perspective of Chamberlain and his policies, citing government papers released under the Thirty Year Rule and arguing that going to war with Germany in 1938 would have been disastrous as the UK was unprepared. Nonetheless, Chamberlain is still unfavourably ranked amongst British Prime Ministers.
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Neville Chamberlain

Neville Chamberlain

Former British Prime Minister

  • Desc: Arthur Neville Chamberlain FRS was a British Conservative statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neville_Chamberlain
  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 3308.58

Neville Chamberlain

English footballer

Francis Chamberlain

Anne Chamberlain's son

  • Type: Person, Thing
  • Result Score: 129.47

Neville Chamberlain

Bishop

Neville Francis Fitzgerald Chamberlain

Neville Francis Fitzgerald Chamberlain

British officer

Neville Chamberlain

Fictional character

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Neville Chamberlain

Book by Iain Macleod

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 24.00

Neville Chamberlain

Fictional character

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Neville Chamberlain

Musical artist

  • Type: Person, Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Neville Chamberlain

Artwork

  • Type: Thing, VisualArtwork
  • Result Score: 24.00

Neville Chamberlain

Book by Robert Self

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 24.00

The Neville Chamberlain Diary Letters

Book by Neville Chamberlain

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 12.00

Voices in Time: Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy, and Other Voices

Song by Vanilla Fudge

  • Type: MusicRecording, Thing
  • Result Score: 12.00

Voices in Time: Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy, and Other Voices

Song by Vanilla Fudge

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 12.00

With Wings Like Eagles: A History of the Battle of Britain

Book by Michael Korda

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 9.41

About Last Night

Book

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 5.71
Neville Bowles Chamberlain

Neville Bowles Chamberlain

British military officer

  • Desc: Field Marshal Sir Neville Bowles Chamberlain GCB GCSI was a distinguished British military officer in British India. He served in the Bengal Army and saw action in the First Anglo-Afghan War, Gwalior Campaign, Second Anglo-Sikh War, Indian Rebellion and Second Anglo-Afghan War.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neville_Bowles_Chamberlain
  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 5.69
Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain

Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain

Footballer

Hitler, Chamberlain and Appeasement

Book by Frank McDonough

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 2.15

Dragon Harvest

Novel by Upton Sinclair

  • Desc: Dragon Harvest is the sixth novel in Upton Sinclair's Lanny Budd series. First published in 1945, the story covers the period from 1938 to 1940.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dragon_Harvest
  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 1.85

Life Of Field Marshal Sir Neville Chamberlain

Book by G.W. Forrest

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00

Classic Political Clangers

Book by David Mortimer

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 1.00
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