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Nelson Mandela

Description. Lang: en

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (; Xhosa: [xolíɬaɬa mandɛ̂ːla]; 18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalised racism and fostering racial reconciliation. Ideologically an African nationalist and socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997.
A Xhosa, Mandela was born to the Thembu royal family in Mvezo, British South Africa. He studied law at the University of Fort Hare and the University of Witwatersrand before working as a lawyer in Johannesburg. There he became involved in anti-colonial and African nationalist politics, joining the ANC in 1943 and co-founding its Youth League in 1944. After the National Party's white-only government established apartheid, a system of racial segregation that privileged whites, he and the ANC committed themselves to its overthrow. Mandela was appointed President of the ANC's Transvaal branch, rising to prominence for his involvement in the 1952 Defiance Campaign and the 1955 Congress of the People. He was repeatedly arrested for seditious activities and was unsuccessfully prosecuted in the 1956 Treason Trial. Influenced by Marxism, he secretly joined the banned South African Communist Party (SACP). Although initially committed to non-violent protest, in association with the SACP he co-founded the militant Umkhonto we Sizwe in 1961 and led a sabotage campaign against the government. He was arrested and imprisoned in 1962, and subsequently sentenced to life imprisonment for conspiring to overthrow the state following the Rivonia Trial.
Mandela served 27 years in prison, split between Robben Island, Pollsmoor Prison, and Victor Verster Prison. Amid growing domestic and international pressure, and with fears of a racial civil war, President F. W. de Klerk released him in 1990. Mandela and de Klerk led efforts to negotiate an end to apartheid, which resulted in the 1994 multiracial general election in which Mandela led the ANC to victory and became president. Leading a broad coalition government which promulgated a new constitution, Mandela emphasised reconciliation between the country's racial groups and created the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate past human rights abuses. Economically, Mandela's administration retained its predecessor's liberal framework despite his own socialist beliefs, also introducing measures to encourage land reform, combat poverty, and expand healthcare services. Internationally, he acted as mediator in the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial and served as Secretary-General of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1998 to 1999. He declined a second presidential term, and in 1999 was succeeded by his deputy, Thabo Mbeki. Mandela became an elder statesman and focused on combating poverty and HIV/AIDS through the charitable Nelson Mandela Foundation.
Mandela was a controversial figure for much of his life. Although critics on the right denounced him as a communist terrorist and those on the far-left deemed him too eager to negotiate and reconcile with apartheid's supporters, he gained international acclaim for his activism. Widely regarded as an icon of democracy and social justice, he received more than 250 honours—including the Nobel Peace Prize—and became the subject of a cult of personality. He is held in deep respect within South Africa, where he is often referred to by his Xhosa clan name, Madiba, and described as the "Father of the Nation".
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Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela

Former President of South Africa

Nelson Mandela University

University in Port Elizabeth, South Africa

Nelson Muntz

Fictional character

  • Desc: Nelson Muntz is a fictional character and the lead school bully from the animated television series The Simpsons, best known for his signature mocking laugh "Ha-ha!".
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Muntz
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 1275.93
Nelson Mandela Square

Nelson Mandela Square

Shopping centre in Sandton, South Africa

Lycée Nelson Mandela

Lycée Nelson Mandela

School in Nantes, France

  • Desc: Lycée Nelson Mandela is a senior high school in Nantes, France. It opened on 1 September 2014 with its official inauguration held four days later. As of 2016 the school has 140-160 teachers, 40-50 technical personnel, and 1,600 students.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyc%C3%A9e_Nelson_Mandela_(Nantes)
  • Type: Place, Thing, Organization, School, EducationalOrganization
  • Result Score: 1062.70
Mandela House

Mandela House

Museum in Soweto, South Africa

  • Desc: The Nelson Mandela National Museum, commonly referred to as Mandela House, is the house on Vilakazi Street, Orlando West, Soweto, South Africa, where Nelson Mandela lived from 1946 to 1962.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandela_House
  • Type: TouristAttraction, Place, Museum, CivicStructure, SingleFamilyResidence, Thing
  • Result Score: 821.63
Nelson Mandela International Airport

Nelson Mandela International Airport

Airport in Praia, Cape Verde

  • Desc: Nelson Mandela International Airport, also known as Praia International Airport, is the airport of Santiago Island in Cape Verde. It was opened in October 2005, replacing the old Francisco Mendes International Airport. It is located about 3 km northeast of the city centre of Praia in the southeastern part of the island of Santiago.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela_International_Airport
  • Type: Thing, Airport, Place
  • Result Score: 798.40

Nelson Mandela Forum

Sports arena in Florence, Italy

  • Desc: Nelson Mandela Forum, formerly Palazzetto dello sport di Firenze and Palasport, is an indoor sports arena that is located in Florence, Italy. It was inaugurated in 1985. In 2004 the arena was renamed to Nelson Mandela Forum.
  • URL: http://www.mandelaforum.it
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela_Forum
  • Type: Place, Thing, TouristAttraction, StadiumOrArena
  • Result Score: 733.81

Nelson Mandela Foundation

Non-profit organization

  • Desc: The Nelson Mandela Foundation is a non-profit organization founded by Nelson Mandela in 1999 to promote Mandela's vision of freedom and equality for all. The chairman is professor Njabulo Ndebele.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela_Foundation
  • Type: Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 688.62
Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium

Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium

Stadium in Port Elizabeth, South Africa

  • Desc: The Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium is a 46,000-seater stadium in Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape, South Africa. The five-tier, R2 billion Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium was built overlooking the North End Lake, at the heart of the city.
  • URL: http://www.nmbstadium.com/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela_Bay_Stadium
  • Type: Place, Thing, TouristAttraction, MusicVenue, StadiumOrArena
  • Result Score: 677.17

Nelson Mandela

Song by The Specials

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 593.45

Nelson Mandela African Institute of Science and Technology

Public university in Tanzania

Nelson Mandela Mbouhom

Soccer player

  • Type: Person, Thing
  • Result Score: 522.27
Nelson Mandela Bridge

Nelson Mandela Bridge

Cable-stayed bridge in Johannesburg, South Africa

  • Desc: Nelson Mandela Bridge is a bridge in Johannesburg, South Africa. It is the fourth of five bridges which cross the railway lines and sidings located just west of Johannesburg Park Station, the first being the Johan Rissik Bridge adjacent to the station.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela_Bridge
  • Type: Place, TouristAttraction, Thing, Bridge
  • Result Score: 390.23

Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute

Concert

Nelson Mandela

Event

  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Song by The Imilonji Kantu Choral Society

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Song

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Song by Leanne Tallis and Samba Guisse

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Fictional character

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Song by Stephane Manga

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Song by The Specials

  • Type: Thing, MusicRecording
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Fictional character

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Fictional character

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Album by The Specials

  • Type: MusicAlbum, Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Artwork

  • Type: Thing, VisualArtwork
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Book by Rebecca Stefoff

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Fictional character

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Song by Hukwe Zawose

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Song by Anti Choc and Bozi Boziana

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Album by Sonic vs. Taste T.

  • Type: Thing, MusicAlbum
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Event

  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Song by Bozi Boziana and L'Antichoc

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.00

Nelson Mandela

Book by Boris Asoyan

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 24.00

An Act of Defiance

2017 film

  • Desc: Bram Fischer also titled An Act of Defiance is a 2017 film about the South African lawyer Bram Fischer who defended Nelson Mandela and his co-defendants at the Rivonia Trial of 1963 – 1964.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bram_Fischer_(film)
  • Type: Thing, Movie, CreativeWork
  • Result Score: 18.17

Nelson Mandela (original)

Song by Sonic vs. Taste T.

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 18.00

A Par Theid

Song by Youssou N'Dour & Le Super Etoile

  • Type: Thing, MusicRecording
  • Result Score: 18.00

Mandela

Song by Abdullah Ibrahim

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 18.00
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