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Mali Empire

Description. Lang: en

The Mali Empire (Manding: Nyeni or Niani; also historically referred to as the Manden Kurufaba, sometimes shortened to Manden) was an empire in West Africa from c. 1235 - 1400. The empire was founded by Sundiata Keita and became renowned for the wealth of its rulers, especially Musa Keita. The Manding languages were spoken in the empire. The Mali Empire was the largest empire in West Africa and profoundly influenced the culture of West Africa through the spread of its language, laws and customs. Much of the recorded information about the Mali Empire comes from 14th-century North African Arab historian Ibn Khaldun, 14th-century Moroccan traveller Ibn Battuta and 16th-century Moroccan traveller Leo Africanus. The other major source of information is Mandinka oral tradition, through storytellers known as griots.The empire began as a small Mandinka kingdom at the upper reaches of the Niger River, centred around the town of Niani (the empire's namesake in Manding). During the 11th and 12th centuries, it began to develop as an empire following the decline of the Ghana Empire to the north. During this period, trade routes shifted southward to the savanna, stimulating the growth of states. The early history of the Mali Empire (before the 13th century) is unclear, as there are conflicting and imprecise accounts by both Arab chroniclers and oral traditionalists. Sundiata Keita (c. 1214 – c. 1255) is the first ruler for which there is accurate written information (through Ibn Khaldun). Sundiata Keita was a warrior-prince of the Keita dynasty who was called upon to free the Mali people from the rule of the king of the Sosso Empire, Soumaoro Kanté. The conquest of Sosso in c. 1235 gave the Mali Empire access to the trans-Saharan trade routes.
Following the death of Sundiata Keita in c. 1255, the kings of Mali were referred to by the title mansa. Sundiata's nephew Mansa Musa made a Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca during the reign of the Mamluk Sultan Baibars (r. 1260–1277). Following a series of usurpations of the throne of Mali, in c. 1285 Sakoura, a former royal court slave, became emperor and was one of its most powerful rulers, greatly expanding the territories of Mali. He made a pilgrimage to Mecca during the reign of Mamluk Sultan An-Nasir Muhammad (r. 1298–1308). After he died on his return, the throne reverted to the descendants of Sundiata Keita. After the reigns of three more emperors, Musa Keita became emperor in c. 1312. Musa made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca from 1324 to 1326. His generous gifts to Mamluk Egypt and his expenditure of gold caused gold to be greatly devalued, which gave rise to his fame outside of Mali. In 1337, he was succeeded by his son Maghan I, who in 1341 was deposed by his uncle Suleyman. It was during Suleyman's reign that Ibn Battuta visited Mali. Following this period, a period of weak emperors, conflicts and disunity began in Mali.
Ibn Khaldun died in 1406, and following his death there was no continuous record of events in the Mali Empire. It is known from the Tarikh al-Sudan that Mali was still a sizeable state in the 15th century. The Venetian explorer Alvise Cadamosto and Portuguese traders confirmed that the peoples of the Gambia were still subject to the mansa of Mali. Upon Leo Africanus's visit at the beginning of the 16th century, his descriptions of the territorial domains of Mali showed that it was still a kingdom of considerable area. However, from 1507 onwards neighbouring states such as Diara, Great Fulo and the Songhay Empire eroded the extreme territories of Mali. In 1542, the Songhay invaded the capital city of Niani but were unsuccessful in conquering the empire. During the 17th century, the Mali empire faced incursions from the Bamana Empire. After unsuccessful attempts by Mansa Mama Maghan to conquer Bamana, in 1670 Bamana sacked and burned Niani, and the Mali Empire rapidly disintegrated and ceased to exist, being replaced by independent chiefdoms. The Keitas retreated to the town of Kangaba, where they became provincial chiefs.
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Mali Empire

Mali Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Mali Empire was an empire in West Africa from c. 1235 - 1400. The empire was founded by Sundiata Keita and became renowned for the wealth of its rulers, especially Musa Keita. The Manding languages were spoken in the empire.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mali_Empire
  • Type: Thing, Country, AdministrativeArea, Place
  • Result Score: 569.37
Byzantine Empire

Byzantine Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine_Empire
  • Type: Thing, AdministrativeArea, Place, Country
  • Result Score: 200.95
Roman Empire

Roman Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Roman Empire was the post-Republican period of ancient Rome, consisting of large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean sea in Europe, North Africa and West Asia ruled by emperors.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Empire
  • Type: Place, Thing, Country, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 150.25
Russian Empire

Russian Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Russian Empire was an empire that extended across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Empire
  • Type: Thing, AdministrativeArea, Country, Place
  • Result Score: 142.83
Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Ottoman Empire, historically known to its inhabitants and the Eastern world as Rome, and known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_Empire
  • Type: Country, Place, Thing, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 142.50
Mali

Mali

Country in West Africa

  • Desc: Mali, officially the Republic of Mali, is a landlocked country in West Africa. Mali is the eighth-largest country in Africa, with an area of just over 1,240,000 square kilometres.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mali
  • Type: Thing, Country, AdministrativeArea, Place
  • Result Score: 141.89
Austria-Hungary

Austria-Hungary

Autonomous region

  • Desc: Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy, was a constitutional monarchy in Central and Eastern Europe between 1867 and 1918.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austria-Hungary
  • Type: Country, Place, Thing, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 140.31
Portuguese Empire

Portuguese Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Portuguese Empire, also known as the Portuguese Overseas or the Portuguese Colonial Empire, was composed of the overseas colonies and territories governed by Portugal.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_Empire
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 113.02
Mughal Empire

Mughal Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Mughal Empire was an early-modern empire in South Asia. For some two centuries, the empire stretched from the outer fringes of the Indus basin in the west, northern Afghanistan in the northwest, and Kashmir in the north, to the highlands of present-day Assam and Bangladesh in the east, and the uplands of the Deccan plateau in South India.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mughal_Empire
  • Type: Place, Thing, AdministrativeArea, Country
  • Result Score: 112.68
Holy Roman Empire

Holy Roman Empire

Territory

  • Desc: The Holy Roman Empire was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western and Central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_Roman_Empire
  • Type: Country, Thing, AdministrativeArea, Place
  • Result Score: 106.85
Spanish Empire

Spanish Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Spanish Empire, historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy and as the Catholic Monarchy, was one of the largest empires in history.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_Empire
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 106.41
Achaemenid Empire

Achaemenid Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Achaemenid Empire, also called the First Persian Empire, was an ancient Iranian empire based in Western Asia founded by Cyrus the Great.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achaemenid_Empire
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 100.88
First French Empire

First French Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The First French Empire, officially the French Empire, was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_French_Empire
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 99.84
German Empire

German Empire

State

  • Desc: The German Empire, also known as Imperial Germany, was the German nation state that existed from the unification of Germany in 1871 until the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II in 1918.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_Empire
  • Type: Country, AdministrativeArea, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 99.26
Sasanian Empire

Sasanian Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Sasanian Empire, or the Neo-Persian Empire, officially known as the Empire of Iranians, was the last kingdom of the Persian Empire before the rise of Islam. Named after the House of Sasan, it ruled from 224 to 651 AD.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sasanian_Empire
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 98.54
Qing dynasty

Qing dynasty

Dynasty

  • Desc: The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China. It was established in 1636, and ruled China proper from 1644 to 1912. It was preceded by the Ming dynasty and succeeded by the Republic of China.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qing_dynasty
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 86.77
Austrian Empire

Austrian Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Austrian Empire was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1867, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austrian_Empire
  • Type: Country, Place, Thing, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 77.42
Western Roman Empire

Western Roman Empire

Empire

  • Desc: In historiography, the Western Roman Empire refers to the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court; in particular, this term is used to describe the period from 395 to 476, where there were separate coequal courts dividing the governance of the empire in the Western and the Eastern provinces, with a distinct imperial succession in the separate courts.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Roman_Empire
  • Type: Place, Thing, AdministrativeArea, Country
  • Result Score: 75.71
Northern Mali conflict

Northern Mali conflict

War

  • Desc: The Northern Mali Conflict, Mali Civil War, or Mali War refers to armed conflicts that started from January 2012 between the northern and southern parts of Mali in Africa.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Mali_conflict
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 73.65
Seljuk Empire

Seljuk Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Seljuk Empire or the Great Seljuq Empire was a high medieval Turko-Persian Sunni Muslim empire, originating from the Qiniq branch of Oghuz Turks.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seljuk_Empire
  • Type: Country, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 64.73
Mongol Empire

Mongol Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Mongol Empire existed during the 13th and 14th centuries; it became the largest contiguous land empire in history. Originating in Mongolia, the Mongol Empire eventually stretched from Eastern Europe and parts of Central Europe to the Sea of Japan, extending northwards into Siberia; eastwards and southwards into the Indian subcontinent, Indochina and the Iranian Plateau; and westwards as far as the Levant and the Carpathian Mountains.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongol_Empire
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 62.85
Safavid dynasty

Safavid dynasty

Dynasty

  • Desc: The Safavid dynasty was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran, often considered the beginning of modern Iranian history. The Safavid shahs ruled over one of the Gunpowder Empires.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Safavid_dynasty
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 62.21
Francia

Francia

Territory

  • Desc: Francia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks, or Frankish Empire, was the largest post-Roman barbarian kingdom in Western Europe. It was ruled by the Franks during Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. It is the predecessor of the modern states of France and Germany. After the Treaty of Verdun in 843, West Francia became the predecessor of France, and East Francia became that of Germany. Francia was among the last surviving Germanic kingdoms from the Migration Period era before its partition in 843. The core Frankish territories inside the former Western Roman Empire were close to the Rhine and Maas rivers in the north.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francia
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 60.69
Maurya Empire

Maurya Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Maurya Empire was a geographically-extensive Iron Age historical power based in Magadha and founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated the Indian subcontinent between 322 and 187 BCE.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurya_Empire
  • Type: Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 54.21
Maratha Empire

Maratha Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was a power that dominated a large portion of the Indian subcontinent in the 18th century.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maratha_Empire
  • Type: Place, Thing, AdministrativeArea, Country
  • Result Score: 53.53
Serbian Empire

Serbian Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Serbian Empire is a historiographical term for the empire in the Balkan peninsula that emerged from the medieval Serbian Kingdom. It was established in 1346 by King Stefan Dušan, known as "the Mighty", who significantly expanded the state.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbian_Empire
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 53.33
Toucouleur Empire

Toucouleur Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Toucouleur Empire was founded in the mid-nineteenth century by El Hadj Umar Tall of the Toucouleur people, in part of present-day Mali.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toucouleur_Empire
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 52.68
Ethiopian Empire

Ethiopian Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Ethiopian Empire, also known by the exonym "Abyssinia", or just simply Ethiopia was a kingdom that spanned a geographical area in the current states of Eritrea and Ethiopia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Empire
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 50.96
Korean Empire

Korean Empire

State

  • Desc: The Korean Empire was the last independent unified Korean state. Proclaimed in October 1897 by Emperor Gojong of the Joseon dynasty, the empire stood until Japan's annexation of Korea in August 1910.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Empire
  • Type: Country, Thing, AdministrativeArea, Place
  • Result Score: 50.61
Timurid Empire

Timurid Empire

Empire

  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 49.87
Aztec Empire

Aztec Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Aztec Empire, or the Triple Alliance, was an alliance of three Nahua altepetl city-states: Mexico-Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_Empire
  • Type: Place, Thing, Country
  • Result Score: 49.56
Flag of Mali

Flag of Mali

Flag

  • Desc: The national flag of Mali is a tricolour with three equal vertical stripes. From the hoist the colours are green, gold, and red, the pan-African colours.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Mali
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 48.80
Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great

King

  • Desc: Alexander III of Macedon, commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. He was born in Pella in 356 BC and succeeded his father Philip II to the throne at the age of 20.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_the_Great
  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 48.71
Ming dynasty

Ming dynasty

Dynasty

  • Desc: The Ming dynasty, officially the Great Ming, was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644 following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty. The Ming dynasty was the last imperial dynasty of China ruled by ethnic Han Chinese.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ming_dynasty
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 47.12
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