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Lithium

Description. Lang: en

Lithium (from Greek: λίθος, romanized: lithos, lit. 'stone') is a chemical element with the symbol Li and atomic number 3. It is a soft, silvery-white alkali metal. Under standard conditions, it is the lightest metal and the lightest solid element. Like all alkali metals, lithium is highly reactive and flammable, and must be stored in mineral oil. When cut, it exhibits a metallic luster, but moist air corrodes it quickly to a dull silvery gray, then black tarnish. It never occurs freely in nature, but only in (usually ionic) compounds, such as pegmatitic minerals, which were once the main source of lithium. Due to its solubility as an ion, it is present in ocean water and is commonly obtained from brines. Lithium metal is isolated electrolytically from a mixture of lithium chloride and potassium chloride.
The nucleus of the lithium atom verges on instability, since the two stable lithium isotopes found in nature have among the lowest binding energies per nucleon of all stable nuclides. Because of its relative nuclear instability, lithium is less common in the solar system than 25 of the first 32 chemical elements even though its nuclei are very light: it is an exception to the trend that heavier nuclei are less common. For related reasons, lithium has important uses in nuclear physics. The transmutation of lithium atoms to helium in 1932 was the first fully man-made nuclear reaction, and lithium deuteride serves as a fusion fuel in staged thermonuclear weapons.Lithium and its compounds have several industrial applications, including heat-resistant glass and ceramics, lithium grease lubricants, flux additives for iron, steel and aluminium production, lithium batteries, and lithium-ion batteries. These uses consume more than three quarters of lithium production.
Lithium is present in biological systems in trace amounts; its functions are uncertain. Lithium salts have proven to be useful as a mood-stabilizing drug in the treatment of bipolar disorder in humans.
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Lithium

Lithium

Chemical element

  • Desc: Lithium is a chemical element with the symbol Li and atomic number 3. It is a soft, silvery-white alkali metal. Under standard conditions, it is the lightest metal and the lightest solid element.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 6098.91
Lithium carbonate

Lithium carbonate

Medicinal

  • Desc: Lithium carbonate is an inorganic compound, the lithium salt of carbonate with the formula Li ₂CO ₃. This white salt is widely used in the processing of metal oxides and treatment of mood disorders.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_carbonate
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 370.69
Lithium hydroxide

Lithium hydroxide

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the formula LiOH. It is a white hygroscopic crystalline material. It is soluble in water and slightly soluble in ethanol, and is available commercially in anhydrous form and as the monohydrate.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 186.87
Lithium chloride

Lithium chloride

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium chloride is a chemical compound with the formula LiCl. The salt is a typical ionic compound, although the small size of the Li⁺ ion gives rise to properties not seen for other alkali metal chlorides, such as extraordinary solubility in polar solvents and its hygroscopic properties.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_chloride
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 185.21
Lithium bromide

Lithium bromide

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium bromide is a chemical compound of lithium and bromine. Its extreme hygroscopic character makes LiBr useful as a desiccant in certain air conditioning systems.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_bromide
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 165.65
Lithium orotate

Lithium orotate

Medication

  • Desc: Lithium orotate, is a salt of orotic acid and lithium. It is available as the monohydrate, LiC₅H₃N₂O₄·H₂O. In this compound, lithium is non-covalently bound to an orotate ion, rather than to a carbonate or other ion, and like other salts, dissociates in solution to produce free lithium ions.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_orotate
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 151.06

Lithium

Drug

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 139.82
Lithium oxide

Lithium oxide

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium oxide or lithia is an inorganic chemical compound. It is a white solid. Although not specifically important, many materials are assessed on the basis of their Li₂O content.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_oxide
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 135.85
Lithium aluminium hydride

Lithium aluminium hydride

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium aluminium hydride, commonly abbreviated to LAH, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula LiAlH₄. It was discovered by Finholt, Bond and Schlesinger in 1947.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_aluminium_hydride
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 134.03

Lithium compounds

Drug

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 133.82
Lithium hydride

Lithium hydride

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium hydride is an inorganic compound with the formula LiH. This alkali metal hydride is a colorless solid, although commercial samples are grey.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydride
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 123.58

Lithium Corporation

Company

  • Type: Corporation, Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 122.00
Lithium nitride

Lithium nitride

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium nitride is a compound with the formula Li₃N. It is the only stable alkali metal nitride. The solid is a reddish-pink color and has a high melting point.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_nitride
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 118.95

Lithium

Song by Nirvana

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 107.54
Lithium nitrate

Lithium nitrate

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium nitrate is an inorganic compound with the formula LiNO₃. It is the lithium salt of nitric acid. The salt is deliquescent, absorbing water to form the hydrated form, lithium nitrate trihydrate.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_nitrate
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 101.33
Lithium fluoride

Lithium fluoride

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium fluoride is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula LiF. It is a colorless solid, that transitions to white with decreasing crystal size. Although odorless, lithium fluoride has a bitter-saline taste. Its structure is analogous to that of sodium chloride, but it is much less soluble in water. It is mainly used as a component of molten salts.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_fluoride
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 100.46
Lithium sulfide

Lithium sulfide

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium sulfide is the inorganic compound with the formula Li₂S. It crystallizes in the antifluorite motif, described as the salt (Li⁺)₂S²⁻. It forms a solid yellow-white deliquescent powder. In air, it easily hydrolyses to release hydrogen sulfide.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_sulfide
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 98.65
Lithium iron phosphate

Lithium iron phosphate

Chemical compound

Lithium iodide

Lithium iodide

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium iodide, or LiI, is a compound of lithium and iodine. When exposed to air, it becomes yellow in color, due to the oxidation of iodide to iodine. It crystallizes in the NaCl motif. It can participate in various hydrates.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_iodide
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 78.47
Lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide

Lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide is a lithiated organosilicon compound with the formula LiN(SiMe₃)₂. It is commonly abbreviated as LiHMDS and is primarily used as a strong non-nucleophilic base and as a ligand.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_bis(trimethylsilyl)amide
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 73.15
Lithium diisopropylamide

Lithium diisopropylamide

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium diisopropylamide is a chemical compound with the molecular formula [(CH₃)₂CH]₂NLi. It is used as a strong base and has been widely accepted due to its good solubility in non-polar organic solvents and non-nucleophilic nature.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_diisopropylamide
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 71.84

lithium phosphate

Chemical compound

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 71.48

Lithium Americas Corp.

Company

  • Type: Organization, Thing, Corporation
  • Result Score: 70.49
Lithium perchlorate

Lithium perchlorate

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium perchlorate is the inorganic compound with the formula LiClO₄. This white or colourless crystalline salt is noteworthy for its high solubility in many solvents. It exists both in anhydrous form and as a trihydrate.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_perchlorate
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 69.09
Lithium cobalt oxide

Lithium cobalt oxide

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium cobalt oxide, sometimes called lithium cobaltate or lithium cobaltite, is a chemical compound with formula LiCoO ₂. The cobalt atoms are formally in the +3 oxidation state, hence the IUPAC name lithium cobalt(III) oxide.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_cobalt_oxide
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 68.29
Lithium niobate

Lithium niobate

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium niobate is a compound of niobium, lithium, and oxygen. Its single crystals are an important material for optical waveguides, mobile phones, piezoelectric sensors, optical modulators and various other linear and non-linear optical applications.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_niobate
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 67.15
Lithium peroxide

Lithium peroxide

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium peroxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Li₂O₂. It is a white, nonhygroscopic solid. Because of its high oxygen:mass and oxygen:volume ratios, the solid has been used to remove CO₂ from the atmosphere in spacecraft.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_peroxide
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 66.93
Lithium hexafluorophosphate

Lithium hexafluorophosphate

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium hexafluorophosphate is an inorganic compound with the formula LiPF₆. It is a white crystalline powder. It is used in commercial secondary batteries, an application that exploits its high solubility in non aqueous, polar solvents.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hexafluorophosphate
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 62.41
Lithium citrate

Lithium citrate

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium citrate is a chemical compound of lithium and citrate that is used as a mood stabilizer in psychiatric treatment of manic states and bipolar disorder. There is extensive pharmacology of lithium, the active component of this salt. Lithia water contains various lithium salts, including the citrate.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_citrate
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 60.56
Lithium cyanide

Lithium cyanide

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium cyanide is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula LiCN. It is a white, hygroscopic, water-soluble powder that finds only niche uses.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_cyanide
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 56.24

Talison Lithium Limited

Company

  • Type: Corporation, Organization, Thing
  • Result Score: 53.71
Lithium sulfite

Lithium sulfite

Chemical compound

Lithium

Song by Evanescence

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 53.24
Lithium chlorate

Lithium chlorate

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium chlorate is the inorganic chemical compound with the formula LiClO₃. Like all chlorates, it is an oxidizer and may become unstable and possibly explosive if mixed with organic materials, reactive metal powders, or sulfur.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_chlorate
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 45.57
Lithium hypochlorite

Lithium hypochlorite

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium hypochlorite is the colorless, crystalline lithium salt of hypochlorous acid with the chemical formula of LiClO. It is used as a disinfectant for pools and a reagent for some chemical reactions.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hypochlorite
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 45.54

Lithium superoxide

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium superoxide is an inorganic compound which has only been isolated in matrix isolation experiments at 15-40 K. It is an unstable free radical that has been analyzed using infrared, Raman, electronic, electron spin resonance, soft X-ray spectroscopies, and a variety of theoretical methods.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_superoxide
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 44.42

Lithium Energy Japan Corporation

Company

  • Type: Corporation, Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 37.89

Lithium

U.S. radio station

Lithium borate

Lithium borate

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium borate, also known as lithium tetraborate is an inorganic compound with the formula Li₂B₄O₇. A colorless solid, lithium borate is used in making glasses and ceramics.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_borate
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 31.75

Lithium metasilicate

Chemical compound

Lithium Power International Limited

Company

  • Type: Organization, Thing, Corporation
  • Result Score: 30.16

Lithium stearate

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium stearate is a chemical compound with the formula LiO₂C(CH₂)₁₆CH₃. It is formally classified as a soap. Lithium stearate is a white soft solid, prepared by the reaction of lithium hydroxide and stearic acid.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_stearate
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 28.98
Lithium amide

Lithium amide

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium amide or lithium azanide is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula LiNH₂. It is a white solid with a tetragonal crystal structure. Lithium amide can be made by treating lithium metal to liquid ammonia: 2Li + 2NH₃ → 2LiNH₂ + H₂
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_amide
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.76
Lithium carbide

Lithium carbide

Chemical compound

  • Desc: Lithium carbide, Li ₂C ₂, often known as dilithium acetylide, is a chemical compound of lithium and carbon, an acetylide. It is an intermediate compound produced during radiocarbon dating procedures. Li ₂C
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_carbide
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 24.17
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