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Kolkata

Description. Lang: en

Kolkata (, Bengali: [kolkata] (listen), also known as Calcutta , the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. According to the 2011 Indian census, it is the seventh most populous city; the city had a population of 4.5 million, while the suburb population brought the total to 14.1 million, making it the third-most populous metropolitan area in India. Kolkata Megalopolis is the area surrounding Kolkata Metropolitan city with additional population. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River approximately 80 kilometres (50 mi) west of the border with Bangladesh, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. The city, nicknamed the "City of Joy" is widely regarded as the "cultural capital" of India and as of 2019, 6 Nobel Laureates have been associated with the city. Recent estimates of Kolkata Metropolitan Area's economy have ranged from $60 to $150 billion (GDP adjusted for purchasing power parity) making it third most-productive metropolitan area in India, after Mumbai and Delhi.In the late 17th century, the three villages that predated Calcutta were ruled by the Nawab of Bengal under Mughal suzerainty. After the Nawab granted the East India Company a trading licence in 1690, the area was developed by the Company into an increasingly fortified trading post. Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah occupied Calcutta in 1756, and the East India Company retook it the following year. In 1793 the East India company was strong enough to abolish Nizamat (local rule), and assumed full sovereignty of the region. Under the company rule, and later under the British Raj, Calcutta served as the capital of British-held territories in India until 1911, when its perceived geographical disadvantages, combined with growing nationalism in Bengal, led to a shift of the capital to New Delhi. Calcutta was the centre for the Indian independence movement; it remains a hotbed of contemporary state politics. Following Indian independence in 1947, Kolkata, which was once the centre of modern Indian education, science, culture, and politics, suffered several decades of economic stagnation.
As a nucleus of the 19th- and early 20th-century Bengal Renaissance and a religiously and ethnically diverse centre of culture in Bengal and India, Kolkata has local traditions in drama, art, film, theatre, and literature. Many people from Kolkata—among them, several Nobel laureates—have contributed to the arts, the sciences, and other areas. Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods (paras) and freestyle intellectual exchanges (adda). West Bengal's share of the Bengali film industry is based in the city, which also hosts venerable cultural institutions of national importance, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum and the National Library of India. Among professional scientific institutions, Kolkata hosts the Agri Horticultural Society of India, the Geological Survey of India, the Botanical Survey of India, the Calcutta Mathematical Society, the Indian Science Congress Association, the Zoological Survey of India, the Institution of Engineers, the Anthropological Survey of India and the Indian Public Health Association. Though home to major cricketing venues and franchises, Kolkata differs from other Indian cities by focusing on association football and other sports.
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Kolkata

Kolkata

City in India

  • Desc: Kolkata is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. According to the 2011 Indian census, it is the seventh most populous city; the city had a population of 4.5 million, while the suburb population brought the total to 14.1 million, making it the third-most populous metropolitan area in India.
  • URL: http://www.kolkatamycity.com/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolkata
  • Type: City, Place, AdministrativeArea, Thing
  • Result Score: 8948.59

Kolkata Knight Riders

Cricket team

  • Desc: The Kolkata Knight Riders are a franchise cricket team representing the city of Kolkata in the Indian Premier League. The franchise is owned by Bollywood actor Shah Rukh Khan, actress Juhi Chawla and her spouse Jay Mehta.
  • URL: http://www.kkr.in/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolkata_Knight_Riders
  • Type: Thing, SportsTeam, Organization
  • Result Score: 1550.56

Kolkata railway station

Railway station

  • Desc: Kolkata railway station is the newest of the five intercity railway stations serving Howrah and Kolkata, India; the others are Sealdah Station, in Kolkata, Shalimar Station in Howrah and Howrah Station in Howrah, Santragachi Junction railway station in Howrah.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolkata_railway_station
  • Type: Thing, Place, CivicStructure
  • Result Score: 429.91
INS Kolkata

INS Kolkata

Kolkata-class destroyer

  • Desc: INS Kolkata is the lead ship of the Kolkata-class stealth guided-missile destroyers of the Indian Navy. She was constructed at Mazagon Dock Limited, and was handed over to the navy on 10 July 2014 after completing her sea trials.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/INS_Kolkata
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 273.97
Jadavpur University

Jadavpur University

Public university in Kolkata, India

ATK

Football club

University of Calcutta

University of Calcutta

Public university in Kolkata, India

  • Desc: University of Calcutta is a collegiate public state university located in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It was established on 24 January 1857, and was one of the first institutions in Asia to be established as a multidisciplinary and Western-style university.
  • URL: http://www.caluniv.ac.in/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Calcutta
  • Type: Place, CollegeOrUniversity, Corporation, EducationalOrganization, Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 260.10

The West Bengal University of Health Sciences

University in Kolkata, India

  • Desc: West Bengal University of Health Sciences was set up by an Act of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly in 2003 for better management of the health and medical education related courses which were until then taught separately by the University of Calcutta, and the Universities of Burdwan and North Bengal.
  • URL: http://www.wbuhs.ac.in/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Bengal_University_of_Health_Sciences
  • Type: Place, CollegeOrUniversity, EducationalOrganization, Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 172.40
St. Xavier's College, Kolkata

St. Xavier's College, Kolkata

Private university

  • Desc: St. Xavier's College is a private higher education college in Kolkata, India. Founded in 1860, it is named after St. Francis Xavier, a Jesuit saint of the 16th century, who travelled to India.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Xavier's_College,_Kolkata
  • Type: CollegeOrUniversity, Organization, EducationalOrganization, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 167.45

Indian Statistical Institute

College in Kolkata, India

  • Desc: Indian Statistical Institute is an academic institute of national importance as recognised by a 1959 act of the Indian parliament. It grew out of the Statistical Laboratory set up by Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in Presidency College, Kolkata.
  • URL: http://www.isical.ac.in/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Statistical_Institute
  • Type: Place, CollegeOrUniversity, Corporation, EducationalOrganization, Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 166.69
Victoria Memorial

Victoria Memorial

Museum in Kolkata, India

  • Desc: The Victoria Memorial is a large marble building in Kolkata, West Bengal, India, which was built between 1906 and 1921. It is dedicated to the memory of Queen Victoria and is now a museum and tourist destination under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture.
  • URL: http://www.victoriamemorial-cal.org/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victoria_Memorial,_Kolkata
  • Type: Place, Museum, CivicStructure, TouristAttraction, Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 156.76

Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata

Research institution in Haringhata Farm, India

Eden Gardens

Eden Gardens

Cricket stadium in Kolkata, India

  • Desc: Eden Gardens is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India. It was established in 1864. It is the oldest cricket stadium in India. It is also called as the Mecca of Indian Cricket.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eden_Gardens
  • Type: Place, CivicStructure, StadiumOrArena, TouristAttraction, Thing
  • Result Score: 149.49
Science City Kolkata

Science City Kolkata

Museum in Kolkata, India

Indian Institute of Management Calcutta

Indian Institute of Management Calcutta

Business school in Kolkata, India

Presidency University

Presidency University

University in Kolkata, India

City College, Kolkata

City College, Kolkata

College in Kolkata, India

  • Desc: City College is a constituent undergraduate college of the University of Calcutta. Established in 1881, it is one of the heritage institutions of Kolkata, and played a prominent social role in the wake of the Bengal Renaissance of the nineteenth century.
  • URL: http://www.citycollegekolkata.ac.in/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_College,_Kolkata
  • Type: Place, CollegeOrUniversity, EducationalOrganization, Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 96.02

Heritage Institute of Technology

College in Kolkata, India

Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics

Research institution in Kolkata, India

  • Desc: The Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics is an institution of basic research and training in physical and biophysical sciences located in Bidhannagar, Kolkata, India. The institute is named after the famous Indian physicist Meghnad Saha.
  • URL: http://www.saha.ac.in/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saha_Institute_of_Nuclear_Physics
  • Type: Place, CollegeOrUniversity, EducationalOrganization, Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 73.36

Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority

Government ministry

IHM Kolkata

Hotel management school in Kolkata, India

  • Desc: Institute of Hotel Management Catering Technology & Applied Nutrition, Kolkata, generally known as IHM Kolkata, is a hospitality management school located Kolkata, India.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IHM_Kolkata
  • Type: Thing, Place, Organization
  • Result Score: 70.59
Bidhannagar

Bidhannagar

City in India

  • Desc: Bidhannagar or Salt Lake is a city in Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is close to Kolkata and also a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority.
  • URL: http://bidhannagarmunicipality.org/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bidhannagar
  • Type: Thing, City, Place
  • Result Score: 67.47

Surendranath College

College in Kolkata, India

Mohammedan S.C.

Football club

  • Desc: Mohammedan Sporting Club, founded in 1891 at Kolkata, is one of the oldest and one of the popular football clubs in India, with a support base in all parts of the country.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammedan_S.C._(Kolkata)
  • Type: Thing, SportsTeam, Organization
  • Result Score: 55.77
Kolkata Metro Line 1

Kolkata Metro Line 1

Transit line

  • Desc: The Line 1, also known as North–South Metro of the Kolkata Metro, is a rapid transit system serving Kolkata, South 24 Parganas and North 24 Parganas in Indian state of West Bengal.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolkata_Metro_Line_1
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 50.61
Shalimar railway station

Shalimar railway station

Railway station

  • Desc: Shalimar railway station is one of five intercity railway stations serving Howrah and Kolkata, India. The other stations are Sealdah in Kolkata, Kolkata station in Kolkata, Howrah Station in Howrah and Santragachi in Howrah.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shalimar_railway_station
  • Type: Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 50.23
Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa

Saint

  • Desc: Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu, commonly known as Mother Teresa and honoured in the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta, was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary. She was born in Skopje, then part of the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire.
  • URL: http://www.motherteresa.org/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mother_Teresa
  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 41.69

Kolkata-class destroyer

Class of ship

  • Desc: The Kolkata class are a class of stealth guided missile destroyers constructed for the Indian Navy. The class comprises three ships – Kolkata, Kochi and Chennai, all of which were built by Mazagon Dock Limited in India, and are the largest destroyers to be operated by the Indian Navy.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolkata-class_destroyer
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 31.74

Maidan

Park in Kolkata, India

  • Desc: The Maidan, also referred to as the Brigade Parade Ground, is the largest urban park in Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maidan_(Kolkata)
  • Type: Thing, Place, TouristAttraction
  • Result Score: 24.01
Calcutta High Court

Calcutta High Court

High court in India

East Bengal F.C.

Football club

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