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Johann Sebastian Bach

Description. Lang: en

Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March [O.S. 21 March] 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Art of Fugue, the Brandenburg Concertos, and the Goldberg Variations, and for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Western art musical canon.The Bach family already counted several composers when Johann Sebastian was born as the last child of a city musician in Eisenach. After being orphaned at age 10, he lived for five years with his eldest brother Johann Christoph Bach, after which he continued his musical development in Lüneburg. From 1703 he was back in Thuringia, working as a musician for Protestant churches in Arnstadt and Mühlhausen and, for longer stretches of time, at courts in Weimar, where he expanded his organ repertory, and Köthen, where he was mostly engaged with chamber music. From 1723 he was employed as Thomaskantor (cantor at St. Thomas) in Leipzig. He composed music for the principal Lutheran churches of the city, and for its university's student ensemble Collegium Musicum. From 1726 he published some of his keyboard music. In Leipzig, as had happened during some of his earlier positions, he had difficult relations with his employer, a situation that was little remedied when he was granted the title of court composer by his sovereign, Augustus, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, in 1736. In the last decades of his life he reworked and extended many of his earlier compositions. He died of complications after eye surgery in 1750 at the age of 65.
Bach enriched established German styles through his mastery of counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organisation, and his adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Bach's compositions include hundreds of cantatas, both sacred and secular. He composed Latin church music, Passions, oratorios, and motets. He often adopted Lutheran hymns, not only in his larger vocal works, but for instance also in his four-part chorales and sacred songs. He wrote extensively for organ and for other keyboard instruments. He composed concertos, for instance for violin and for harpsichord, and suites, as chamber music as well as for orchestra. Many of his works employ contrapuntal genres such as fugue.
Throughout the 18th century Bach was mostly renowned as an organist, while his keyboard music, such as The Well-Tempered Clavier, was appreciated for its didactic qualities. The 19th century saw the publication of some major Bach biographies, and by the end of that century all of his known music had been printed. Dissemination of scholarship on the composer continued through periodicals exclusively devoted to him, and publications such as the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis (BWV, a numbered catalogue of his works) and new critical editions of his compositions. His music was further popularised through a multitude of arrangements, including the Air on the G String.
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Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach

Composer

  • Desc: Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Art of Fugue, the Brandenburg Concertos, and the Goldberg Variations, and for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Sebastian_Bach
  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 28697.54

Johann Sebastian Bach

1985 film

  • Type: Thing, Movie
  • Result Score: 583.13
Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach

German painter

  • Desc: Johann Sebastian Bach was a German painter. He was the son of composer Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach and the grandson of composer Johann Sebastian Bach. Bach was born in Berlin. He studied under Adam Friedrich Oeser in Leipzig.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Sebastian_Bach_(painter)
  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 183.24

Johann Sebastian Bach: His Life, Art, and Work

Book by Johann Nikolaus Forkel

JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH.

Event

  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Book by Hannsdieter Wohlfarth

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Book by Alfred Dürr

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Book by Colleen Joan Magee Snyder

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Film score composer

  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Fictional character

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Book by Wilibald Gurlitt

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Book by Percy M. Young

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Composer

  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Album by Johann Sebastian Bach

  • Type: Thing, MusicAlbum
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Song by Andres Lutz and Frank Heierli

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Book by Russell Hancock Miles

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

1958 film

  • Type: Thing, Movie
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Fictional character

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Fictional character

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Book by Werner Felix

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 43.00

J.S. Bach: Suite No.3 In D, BWV 1068 - 2. Air

Song by Berlin Philharmonic and Herbert von Karajan

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 18.75

Shigeo Mito

Musical artist

Johann Sebastian Bach: The Learned Musician

Book by Christoph Wolff

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 8.25

Johann Sebastian Bach

Album by Rafał Blechacz

  • Type: Thing, MusicAlbum
  • Result Score: 5.16

Johann Sebastian Bach

Album by Johann Sebastian Bach and Michael Silverman

  • Type: MusicAlbum, Thing
  • Result Score: 2.15

Goldberg Variations

Album by Claudio Arrau, Johann Sebastian Bach, and Wanda Landowska

  • Type: MusicAlbum, Thing
  • Result Score: 2.15
Sebastian Bach

Sebastian Bach

Singer

Piano

Piano

Musical instrument

  • Desc: The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700, in which the strings are struck by hammers.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piano
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 1.07

Johann Sebastian Bach

Song by Kevin Stalheim

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Album by Yulianna Avdeeva

  • Type: MusicAlbum, Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00

Johann Sebastian Bach

Song by Jitka Molavcová

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 1.00
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