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Jerusalem


Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cc/Jerusalem_infobox_image.JPG/35px-Jerusalem_infobox_image.JPG

Description. Lang: en

Jerusalem (; Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם Yerushaláyim; Arabic: القُدس‎ al-Quds or Bayt al-Maqdis, also spelled Baitul Muqaddas) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. It is one of the oldest cities in the world, and is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Both Israel and the Palestinian Authority claim Jerusalem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally.During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed at least twice, besieged 23 times, captured and recaptured 44 times, and attacked 52 times. The part of Jerusalem called the City of David shows first signs of settlement in the 4th millennium BCE, in the shape of encampments of nomadic shepherds. Jerusalem was named as Urusalim on ancient Egyptian tablets, probably meaning "City of Shalem" after a Canaanite deity, during the Canaanite period (14th century BCE). During the Israelite period, significant construction activity in Jerusalem began in the 9th century BCE (Iron Age II), and in the 8th century the city developed into the religious and administrative center of the Kingdom of Judah. In 1538, the city walls were rebuilt for a last time around Jerusalem under Suleiman the Magnificent. Today those walls define the Old City, which has been traditionally divided into four quarters—known since the early 19th century as the Armenian, Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Quarters. The Old City became a World Heritage Site in 1981, and is on the List of World Heritage in Danger. Since 1860 Jerusalem has grown far beyond the Old City's boundaries. In 2015, Jerusalem had a population of some 850,000 residents, comprising approximately 200,000 secular Jewish Israelis, 350,000 Haredi Jews and 300,000 Palestinians. In 2016, the population was 882,700, of which Jews comprised 536,600 (60.8%), Muslims 319,800 (36.2%), Christians 15,800 (1.8%), and 10,300 unclassified (1.2%).According to the Bible, King David conquered the city from the Jebusites and established it as the capital of the united kingdom of Israel, and his son, King Solomon, commissioned the building of the First Temple. Modern scholars argue that Jews branched out of the Canaanite peoples and culture through the development of a distinct monolatrous — and later monotheistic — religion centered on El/Yahweh, one of the Ancient Canaanite deities. These foundational events, straddling the dawn of the 1st millennium BCE, assumed central symbolic importance for the Jewish people. The sobriquet of holy city (עיר הקודש, transliterated 'ir haqodesh) was probably attached to Jerusalem in post-exilic times. The holiness of Jerusalem in Christianity, conserved in the Septuagint which Christians adopted as their own authority, was reinforced by the New Testament account of Jesus's crucifixion there. In Sunni Islam, Jerusalem is the third-holiest city, after Mecca and Medina. In Islamic tradition, in 610 CE it became the first qibla, the focal point for Muslim prayer (salat), and Muhammad made his Night Journey there ten years later, ascending to heaven where he speaks to God, according to the Quran. As a result, despite having an area of only 0.9 square kilometres (0.35 sq mi), the Old City is home to many sites of seminal religious importance, among them the Temple Mount with its Western Wall, Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Outside the Old City stands the Garden Tomb.
Today, the status of Jerusalem remains one of the core issues in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, West Jerusalem was among the areas captured and later annexed by Israel while East Jerusalem, including the Old City, was captured and later annexed by Jordan. Israel captured East Jerusalem from Jordan during the 1967 Six-Day War and subsequently annexed it into Jerusalem, together with additional surrounding territory. One of Israel's Basic Laws, the 1980 Jerusalem Law, refers to Jerusalem as the country's undivided capital. All branches of the Israeli government are located in Jerusalem, including the Knesset (Israel's parliament), the residences of the Prime Minister (Beit Aghion) and President (Beit HaNassi), and the Supreme Court. While the international community rejected the annexation as illegal and treats East Jerusalem as Palestinian territory occupied by Israel, Israel has a stronger claim to sovereignty over West Jerusalem.
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Jerusalem

Jerusalem

Capital of Israel

Jerusalem artichoke

Jerusalem artichoke

Root vegetables

  • Desc: The Jerusalem artichoke, also called sunroot, sunchoke, or earth apple, is a species of sunflower native to central North America. It grows wild in eastern and western North America but is considered an introduced species. It is also cultivated widely across the temperate zone for its tuber, which is used as a root vegetable.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem_artichoke
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 1021.48
The Jerusalem Post

The Jerusalem Post

Newspaper

  • Desc: The Jerusalem Post is a broadsheet newspaper based in Jerusalem, founded in 1932 during the British Mandate of Palestine by Gershon Agron as The Palestine Post. In 1950, it changed its name to The Jerusalem Post.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Jerusalem_Post
  • Type: Periodical, Thing
  • Result Score: 850.14
And did those feet in ancient time

And did those feet in ancient time

Poem by William Blake

  • Desc: "And did those feet in ancient time" is a poem by William Blake from the preface to his epic Milton: A Poem in Two Books, one of a collection of writings known as the Prophetic Books.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/And_did_those_feet_in_ancient_time
  • Type: Thing, MusicComposition, Book, Article
  • Result Score: 672.59
Western Wall

Western Wall

Shrine in Jerusalem

  • Desc: The Western Wall, Wailing Wall, or Kotel, known in Islam as the Buraq Wall, is an ancient limestone wall in the Old City of Jerusalem.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Wall
  • Type: Place, Thing, TouristAttraction
  • Result Score: 358.25
Beitar Jerusalem Football Club

Beitar Jerusalem Football Club

Football club

  • Desc: Beitar Jerusalem Football Club, commonly known as Beitar Jerusalem, or simply as Beitar, is an Israeli professional football club based in the city of Jerusalem, that plays in the Israeli Premier League, the top tier in Israeli football.
  • URL: http://www.beitarfc.co.il
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beitar_Jerusalem_F.C.
  • Type: SportsTeam, Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 356.21
Al-Aqsa Mosque

Al-Aqsa Mosque

Mosque in Jerusalem

  • Desc: Al-Aqsa Mosque, located in the Old City of Jerusalem, is the third holiest site in Islam. The mosque was built on top of the Temple Mount, known as the Al Aqsa Compound or Haram esh-Sharif in Islam.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Aqsa_Mosque
  • Type: Thing, CivicStructure, Cemetery, PlaceOfWorship, TouristAttraction, Place
  • Result Score: 302.33
Dome of the Rock

Dome of the Rock

Shrine in Jerusalem

  • Desc: The Dome of the Rock is an Islamic shrine located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem. It was initially completed in 691–92 CE at the order of Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik during the Second Fitna on the site of the Second Jewish Temple, destroyed during the Roman Siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dome_of_the_Rock
  • Type: Thing, CivicStructure, TouristAttraction, PlaceOfWorship, Place
  • Result Score: 277.74

Jerusalem

Novel by Guy Delisle

  • Desc: Jerusalem: Chronicles from the Holy City, originally published in French as Chroniques de Jérusalem, is a 2011 graphic novel written and illustrated by Guy Delisle.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem_(comics)
  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 273.13
Yad Vashem

Yad Vashem

Museum in Jerusalem, Israel

  • Desc: Yad Vashem is Israel's official memorial to the victims of the Holocaust. It is dedicated to preserving the memory of the dead; honoring Jews who fought against their Nazi oppressors and Gentiles who selflessly aided Jews in need; and researching the phenomenon of the Holocaust in particular and genocide in general, with the aim of avoiding such events in the future.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yad_Vashem
  • Type: Thing, TouristAttraction, Museum, Place
  • Result Score: 271.02
Mexican tea

Mexican tea

Plants

  • Desc: Dysphania ambrosioides, formerly Chenopodium ambrosioides, known as wormseed, Jesuit's tea, Mexican-tea, payqu, epazote, mastruz, or herba sanctæ Mariæ, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb native to Central America, South America, and southern Mexico.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dysphania_ambrosioides
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 257.58
Temple in Jerusalem

Temple in Jerusalem

Temple in Jerusalem

  • Desc: The Temple in Jerusalem was any of a series of structures which were located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem, the current site of the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosque.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temple_in_Jerusalem
  • Type: Place, Thing, PlaceOfWorship
  • Result Score: 248.54
Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Church in Jerusalem

  • Desc: The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is a church in the Christian Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. The church contains, according to traditions dating back to at least the fourth century, the two holiest sites in Christianity: the site where Jesus was crucified, at a place known as Calvary or Golgotha, and Jesus's empty tomb, where he is said to have been buried and resurrected.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Church_of_the_Holy_Sepulchre
  • Type: Thing, CivicStructure, Cemetery, PlaceOfWorship, TouristAttraction, Place
  • Result Score: 245.88
Book of Leviticus

Book of Leviticus

Book

  • Desc: The Book of Leviticus is the third book of the Torah and of the Old Testament; scholars generally agree that it developed over a long period of time, reaching its present form during the Persian Period between 538-332 BCE.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Leviticus
  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 226.69
Temple Mount

Temple Mount

Place of worship in Jerusalem

  • Desc: The Temple Mount, known to Muslims as the Haram esh-Sharif and the Al Aqsa Compound, is a hill located in the Old City of Jerusalem that for thousands of years has been venerated as a holy site, in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam alike.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temple_Mount
  • Type: Thing, TouristAttraction, PlaceOfWorship, Mountain, Place
  • Result Score: 225.34
Sovereign Military Order of Malta

Sovereign Military Order of Malta

Religious order

Salsify

Salsify

Plants

  • Desc: Tragopogon porrifolius is a plant cultivated for its ornamental flower and edible root. It also grows wild in many places and is one of the most widely known species of the salsify genus, Tragopogon.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tragopogon_porrifolius
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 196.86
Woad

Woad

Plants

  • Desc: Isatis tinctoria, also called woad, dyer's woad, or glastum, is a flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae. It is occasionally known as Asp of Jerusalem. Woad is also the name of a blue dye produced from the leaves of the plant.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isatis_tinctoria
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 146.02
East Jerusalem

East Jerusalem

City

  • Desc: East Jerusalem or Eastern Jerusalem is the sector of Jerusalem that was occupied by Jordan during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, as opposed to the western sector of the city, West Jerusalem, which was occupied by Israel.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Jerusalem
  • Type: City, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 120.67
Moriah

Moriah

Mountain

  • Desc: Moriah is the name given to a mountainous region by the Book of Genesis, in which context it is the location of the sacrifice of Isaac.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moriah
  • Type: Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 112.46
Kingdom of Jerusalem

Kingdom of Jerusalem

Kingdom

  • Desc: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, also known as the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, was a crusader state established in the Southern Levant by Godfrey of Bouillon in 1099 after the First Crusade.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Jerusalem
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, Country
  • Result Score: 112.13
Jerusalem Avenue

Jerusalem Avenue

Street in Poland

  • Desc: Jerusalem Avenue is one of the principal streets of the city of Warsaw in Poland. It runs through the City Centre along the East-West axis, linking the western borough of Wola with the bridge on the Vistula River and the borough of Praga on the other side of the river.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem_Avenue
  • Type: Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 85.34
Jerusalem Township

Jerusalem Township

Township in Ohio

Jerusalem

Jerusalem

Painting by Jean-Léon Gérôme

  • Desc: Jerusalem is an 1867 painting by the French artist Jean-Léon Gérôme. It is also known as Golgotha, Consumatum Est and The Crucifixion. The foreground depicts the ground of Golgotha with the shadows of three crucified men: Jesus and the two thieves. Further back in the picture is a crowd of people moving away from the scene. In the background is the city of Jerusalem under a cloudy sky.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem_(painting)
  • Type: Thing, VisualArtwork
  • Result Score: 75.90

Jerusalem

Book by Moses Mendelssohn

  • Desc: Jerusalem, or on Religious Power and Judaism is a book written by Moses Mendelssohn, which was first published in 1783 – the same year, when the Prussian officer Christian Wilhelm von Dohm published the second part of his Mémoire Concerning the amelioration of the civil status of the Jews.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem_(Mendelssohn)
  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 64.67
Paliurus spina-christi

Paliurus spina-christi

Plants

  • Desc: Paliurus spina-christi, commonly known as Jerusalem thorn, garland thorn, Christ's thorn, or crown of thorns, is a species of Paliurus native to the Mediterranean region and southwest and central Asia, from Morocco and Spain east to Iran and Tajikistan.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paliurus_spina-christi
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 56.45
Jerusalem

Jerusalem

Town in Australia

  • Desc: Jerusalem is a suburb of the town of Kadina on the Yorke Peninsula. It is located in the Copper Coast Council. The boundaries were formally gazetted in January, 1999, although the name had long been in use for the area.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem,_South_Australia
  • Type: City, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 46.08
Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem

Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem

Church jurisdiction

Jerusalem: The Biography

Book by Simon Sebag Montefiore

Counting of the Omer

Counting of the Omer

Festivity

  • Desc: Counting of the Omer is an important verbal counting of each of the forty-nine days starting with the Sunday Wave Offering of a sheaf of ripe grain with a sacrifice immediately following the commencement of the grain harvest and the First Fruits festival celebrating the end of the grain harvest Feast of Weeks/Shavuot/Pentecost in Mosaic Law Hebrew Bible: Deuteronomy 16:9-12 Leviticus 23:10-16; or in the varying current Jewish holidays traditions, the period between the Passover or Feast of Unleavened Bread and Shavuot.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Counting_of_the_Omer
  • Type: Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 35.67

Kingdom of Heaven

2005 film

  • Desc: Kingdom of Heaven is a 2005 epic historical drama film directed and produced by Ridley Scott and written by William Monahan. It stars Orlando Bloom, Eva Green, Ghassan Massoud, Jeremy Irons, David Thewlis, Brendan Gleeson, Iain Glen, Marton Csokas, Liam Neeson, Edward Norton, Michael Sheen, Velibor Topić and Alexander Siddig.
  • URL: http://www.kingdomofheavenmovie.com/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Heaven_(film)
  • Type: Movie, Thing
  • Result Score: 31.82

Jerusalem: A Cookbook

Book by Sami Tamimi and Yotam Ottolenghi

Jerusalem The Emanation of the Giant Albion

Book by William Blake

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