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Iraq

Description. Lang: en

Iraq (,  (listen) or ; Arabic: ٱلْعِرَاق‎, al-ʿirāq; Kurdish: عێراق‎ Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق‎ Jumhūrīyah al-ʿirāq; Kurdish: کۆماری عێراق‎ Komarî Êraq), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital, and largest city, is Baghdad. Iraq is home to diverse ethnic groups including Arabs, Kurds, Chaldeans, Assyrians, Turkmen, Shabakis, Yazidis, Armenians, Mandeans, Circassians and Kawliya. Around 99% of the country's 38 million citizens are Muslims, with tiny minorities of Christians, Yarsans, Yezidis and Mandeans also present. The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish.
Iraq has a coastline measuring 58 km (36 miles) on the northern Persian Gulf and encompasses the Mesopotamian Alluvial Plain, the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern part of the Syrian Desert. Two major rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, run south through Iraq and into the Shatt al-Arab near the Persian Gulf. These rivers provide Iraq with significant amounts of fertile land.
The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, historically known as Mesopotamia, is often referred to as the cradle of civilisation. It was here that mankind first began to read, write, create laws and live in cities under an organised government—notably Uruk, from which "Iraq" is derived. The area has been home to successive civilisations since the 6th millennium BC. Iraq was the centre of the Akkadian, Sumerian, Assyrian, Chaldean Empire, and Babylonian empires. It was also part of the Median, Achaemenid, Hellenistic, Parthian, Sassanid, Roman, Rashidun, Umayyad, Abbasid, Ayyubid, Seljuk, Mongol, Timurid, Safavid, Afsharid and Ottoman empires.The country today known as Iraq was a region of the Ottoman Empire until the partition of the Ottoman Empire in the 20th century. It was made up of three provinces, called vilayets in the Ottoman language: Mosul Vilayet, Baghdad Vilayet, and Basra Vilayet. In April 1920 the British Mandate of Mesopotamia was created under the authority of the League of Nations. A British-backed monarchy joining these vilayets into one Kingdom was established in 1921 under Faisal I of Iraq. The Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq gained independence from the UK in 1932. In 1958, the monarchy was overthrown and the Iraqi Republic created. Iraq was controlled by the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party from 1968 until 2003. After an invasion by the United States and its allies in 2003, Saddam Hussein's Ba'ath Party was removed from power, and multi-party parliamentary elections were held in 2005. The US presence in Iraq ended in 2011, but the Iraqi insurgency continued and intensified as fighters from the Syrian Civil War spilled into the country. Out of the insurgency came a highly destructive group calling itself ISIL, which took large parts of the north and west. It has since been largely defeated. Disputes over the sovereignty of Kurdistan Region continue. A referendum about the full sovereignty of Kurdistan Region was held on 25 September 2017. On 9 December 2017, then-Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declared victory over ISIL after the group lost its territory in Iraq.Iraq is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of 19 governorates (provinces) and one autonomous region (Kurdistan Region). The country's official religion is Islam. Culturally, Iraq has a very rich heritage and celebrates the achievements of its past in both pre-Islamic as well as post-Islamic times and is known for its poets. Its painters and sculptors are among the best in the Arab world, some of them being world-class as well as producing fine handicrafts, including rugs and carpets. Iraq is a founding member of the UN as well as of the Arab League, OIC, Non-Aligned Movement and the IMF.
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Iraq

Iraq

Country in the Middle East

  • Desc: Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq
  • Type: Country, DefenceEstablishment, Place, Thing, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 18060.81
Iraq national football team

Iraq national football team

Football team

  • Desc: The Iraq national football team represents Iraq in international football and is controlled by the Iraq Football Association, the governing body for football in Iraq. Most of Iraq's home matches are played at the Basra International Stadium.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_national_football_team
  • Type: Organization, SportsTeam, Thing
  • Result Score: 1277.71
Babylon

Babylon

Kingdom

  • Desc: Babylon was a key kingdom in ancient Mesopotamia from the 18th to 6th centuries BC. The name-giving capital city was built on the Euphrates river and divided in equal parts along its left and right banks, with steep embankments to contain the river's seasonal floods.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babylon
  • Type: City, Country, Place, LandmarksOrHistoricalBuildings, AdministrativeArea, Thing
  • Result Score: 555.91
Iran–Iraq War

Iran–Iraq War

War

Iraq War

Iraq War

Armed conflict

  • Desc: The Iraq War was a protracted armed conflict that began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition that overthrew the government of Saddam Hussein.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_War
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 485.78
Baghdad

Baghdad

Capital of Iraq

  • Desc: Baghdad is the capital of Iraq and the second-largest city in the Arab world. Located along the Tigris River, the city was founded in the 8th century and became the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate.
  • URL: http://www.amanatbaghdad.gov.iq/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baghdad
  • Type: City, Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 467.04
Karbala

Karbala

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Karbala or Kerbala is a city in central Iraq, located about 100 km southwest of Baghdad, and a few dozen miles east of Lake Milh. Karbala is the capital of Karbala Governorate, and has an estimated population of 700,000 people.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karbala
  • Type: City, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 450.20
Erbil

Erbil

Capital of Iraqi Kurdistan

  • Desc: Erbil, known in ancient history as Arbela and also spelled Arbil, Arbel and Irbil, is the largest most populated city in Iraqi Kurdistan and capital city of the Kurdistan Region.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erbil
  • Type: City, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 323.37
Ur

Ur

City

  • Desc: Ur was an important Sumerian city-state in ancient Mesopotamia, located at the site of modern Tell el-Muqayyar in south Iraq's Dhi Qar Governorate.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ur
  • Type: City, Place, Country, LandmarksOrHistoricalBuildings, Thing
  • Result Score: 278.54
Mosul

Mosul

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Mosul is a major city in northern Iraq. Located approximately 400 km north of Baghdad, Mosul stands on the west bank of the Tigris, opposite the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh on the east bank.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosul
  • Type: City, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 240.56
Nineveh

Nineveh

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Nineveh was an ancient Assyrian city of Upper Mesopotamia, located on the outskirts of Mosul in modern-day northern Iraq. It is located on the eastern bank of the Tigris River, and was the capital of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nineveh
  • Type: Thing, Place, TouristAttraction
  • Result Score: 214.12
Sulaymaniyah

Sulaymaniyah

City in Iraqi Kurdistan

  • Desc: Sulaymaniyah, also called Slemani, is a city in Kurdistan Region, Iraq. It is surrounded by the Azmer Range, Goyija Range and the Qaiwan Range in the northeast, Baranan Mountain in the south and the Tasluja Hills in the west.
  • URL: http://www.sulygov.com
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sulaymaniyah
  • Type: City, Place, Cemetery, Thing
  • Result Score: 183.14
2003 invasion of Iraq

2003 invasion of Iraq

War

  • Desc: The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War. The invasion phase began on 19 March 2003 and lasted just over one month, including 21 days of major combat operations, in which a combined force of troops from the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and Poland invaded Iraq.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_invasion_of_Iraq
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 175.91
Uruk

Uruk

City

  • Desc: Uruk was an ancient city of Sumer, situated east of the present bed of the Euphrates river, on the dried-up, ancient channel of the Euphrates, some 30 km east of modern Samawah, Al-Muthannā, Iraq. Uruk is the type site for the Uruk period.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uruk
  • Type: City, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 167.31
Najaf

Najaf

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Najaf or Al-Najaf al-Ashraf also Baniqia is a city in central-south Iraq about 160 km south of Baghdad. Its estimated population in 2013 was 1,000,000 people. It is the capital of Najaf Governorate.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Najaf
  • Type: Cemetery, Place, City, Thing
  • Result Score: 164.70
Iraqi Airways

Iraqi Airways

International airline

  • Desc: Iraqi Airways Company, operating as Iraqi Airways, is the national carrier of Iraq, headquartered on the grounds of Baghdad International Airport in Baghdad. It is the second oldest airline in the Middle East. Iraqi Airways operates domestic and regional service. Its main base is Baghdad International Airport. Iraqi Airways is a member of the Arab Air Carriers Organization.
  • URL: http://www.iraqiairways.co.uk/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraqi_Airways
  • Type: Airline, Organization, Corporation, Thing
  • Result Score: 163.61
Akkadian Empire

Akkadian Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Akkadian Empire was the first ancient empire of Mesopotamia, centered in the city of Akkad and its surrounding region, which the Bible also called Akkad. The empire united Akkadian and Sumerian speakers under one rule.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akkadian_Empire
  • Type: Country, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 149.79
Duhok

Duhok

City in Iraqi Kurdistan

Kufa

Kufa

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Kufa, also spelled Kufah, is a city in Iraq, about 170 kilometres south of Baghdad, and 10 kilometres northeast of Najaf. It is located on the banks of the Euphrates River. The estimated population in 2003 was 110,000.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kufa
  • Type: City, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 137.57

University of Technology, Iraq

University in Baghdad, Iraq

Operation Enduring Freedom

Operation Enduring Freedom

War

  • Desc: Operation Enduring Freedom was the official name used by the U.S. government for the Global War on Terrorism. On October 7, 2001, in response to the September 11 attacks, President George W.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Enduring_Freedom
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 132.69
Samarra

Samarra

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Samarra is a city in Iraq. It stands on the east bank of the Tigris in the Saladin Governorate, 125 kilometers north of Baghdad. In 2003 the city had an estimated population of 348,700. During the sectarian violence in Iraq, Samarra was in the "Sunni Triangle" of violence.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samarra
  • Type: City, Place, LandmarksOrHistoricalBuildings, Thing
  • Result Score: 119.77
Faisal I of Iraq

Faisal I of Iraq

King

  • Desc: Faisal I bin Hussein bin Ali al-Hashemi was King of the Arab Kingdom of Syria or Greater Syria in 1920, and was King of Iraq from 23 August 1921 to 1933.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faisal_I_of_Iraq
  • Type: Person, Thing
  • Result Score: 115.90
Baiji

Baiji

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Baiji is a city of about 200,000 inhabitants in northern Iraq. It is located some 130 miles north of Baghdad, on the main road to Mosul. It is a major industrial centre best known for its oil refinery, the biggest in Iraq, and has a large power plant. With regards to transport in the area, Baiji is a junction of the national railway network.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baiji,_Iraq
  • Type: City, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 98.49

Hatem Al Iraqi

Iraqi composer

  • Desc: Hatem Al-Iraqi is an Iraqi song writer and composer who rose to fame in the early 1990s in the Middle East. He has released over 25 albums since the start of his music career and has performed worldwide.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hatem_Al_Iraqi
  • Type: Person, Thing
  • Result Score: 94.43
Kut

Kut

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Al-Kūt, also spelled Kut al-Imara or Kut El Amara, is a city in eastern Iraq, on the left bank of the Tigris River, about 160 kilometres south east of Baghdad. As of 2018 the estimated population is about 389,400 people. It is the capital of the province long known as Al Kut, but since the 1960s renamed Wasit.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kut
  • Type: City, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 84.60
Hillah

Hillah

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Hillah, also spelled Hilla, is a city in central Iraq on the Hilla branch of the Euphrates River, 100 km south of Baghdad. The population is estimated at 364,700 in 1998.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillah
  • Type: City, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 81.42
Tikrit

Tikrit

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Tikrit sometimes transliterated as Takrit or Tekrit, is a city in Iraq, located 140 kilometres northwest of Baghdad and 220 kilometres southeast of Mosul on the Tigris River. It is the administrative center of the Saladin Governorate. As of 2012, it had a population of 160,000.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tikrit
  • Type: City, Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 73.58

Federal government of Iraq

Government

Iraq women's national football team

Iraq women's national football team

Football team

  • Desc: The Iraq women's national football team is the female representative football team for Iraq. The team played its first international match in 2010. Their first participation in a major tournament will be the 2018 AFC Women's Asian Cup qualification.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_women's_national_football_team
  • Type: Organization, SportsTeam, Thing
  • Result Score: 68.30
Ramadi

Ramadi

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Ramadi is a city in central Iraq, about 110 kilometers west of Baghdad and 50 kilometers west of Fallujah. It is the capital of Al Anbar Governorate. The city extends along the Euphrates and is the largest city in Al-Anbar.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramadi
  • Type: City, Place, AdministrativeArea, Thing
  • Result Score: 67.95

Iraq national basketball team

Basketball team

  • Desc: The Iraq national basketball team represents Iraq in international basketball competitions. It is one out of only two Arab nations to ever qualify for the Men's Basketball Tournament at the Summer Olympics.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_national_basketball_team
  • Type: Organization, SportsTeam, Thing
  • Result Score: 66.65
Hatra

Hatra

City

  • Desc: Hatra was an ancient city in the Nineveh Governorate of present-day Iraq. The city lies 290 km northwest of Baghdad and 110 km southwest of Mosul.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hatra
  • Type: City, Place, LandmarksOrHistoricalBuildings, Thing
  • Result Score: 65.06

American Soldiers

2005 film

Balad

Balad

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Balad, also transliterated Beled or Belad, is a city in Saladin Governorate, Iraq, 80 kilometres north of the national capital, Baghdad. It is the capital of Balad District.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balad,_Iraq
  • Type: City, Place, AdministrativeArea, Thing
  • Result Score: 63.81
Nippur

Nippur

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Nippur was among the most ancient of Sumerian cities. It was the special seat of the worship of the Sumerian god Enlil, the "Lord Wind", ruler of the cosmos, subject to An alone. Nippur was located in modern Nuffar in Afak, Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate, Iraq.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nippur
  • Type: City, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 59.03
Lagash

Lagash

City

  • Desc: Lagash was an ancient city state located northwest of the junction of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers and east of Uruk, about 22 kilometres east of the modern town of Ash Shatrah, Iraq. Lagash was one of the oldest cities of the Ancient Near East.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lagash
  • Type: City, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 53.68
Al-Hirah

Al-Hirah

City

  • Desc: Al-Hirah was an ancient city in Mesopotamia located south of what is now Kufa in south-central Iraq.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Hirah
  • Type: City, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 52.15
Iraqi Armed Forces

Iraqi Armed Forces

Military

  • Desc: The Iraqi Armed Forces are the military forces of the Republic of Iraq. They consist of the Iraqi Army, the Iraqi Air Force, and the Iraqi Navy. The armed forces of Iraq have a long but not particularly successful history. They were initially formed in the early 1920s. Six military Coup d'états were mounted by the Army between 1936 and 1941. The armed forces first saw combat in the Anglo-Iraqi War of 1941.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraqi_Armed_Forces
  • Type: Organization, Thing
  • Result Score: 45.38
Anah

Anah

Town in Iraq

  • Desc: Anah or Ana, formerly also known as Anna, is an Iraqi town on the Euphrates river, approximately midway between the Gulf of Alexandretta and the Persian Gulf.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anah
  • Type: City, Place, AdministrativeArea, Thing
  • Result Score: 45.14
Kingdom of Iraq

Kingdom of Iraq

Empire

  • Desc: The Kingdom of Iraq was founded on 23 August 1921 following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the Mesopotamian campaign of World War I.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Iraq
  • Type: Country, Place, AdministrativeArea, Thing
  • Result Score: 43.90
Amarah

Amarah

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Amarah, also spelled Amara, is a Lur city in south-eastern Iraq, located on a low ridge next to the Tigris River waterway south of Baghdad about 50 km from the border with Iran.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amarah
  • Type: City, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 38.01
Iraq national under-23 football team

Iraq national under-23 football team

Football team

  • Desc: Iraq national under-23 football team represents Iraq in international football competitions in Olympic Games and Asian Games, as well as any other under-23, under-22, and under-21 international football tournaments.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_national_under-23_football_team
  • Type: SportsTeam, Thing
  • Result Score: 32.49
Haditha

Haditha

City in Iraq

  • Desc: Haditha is a city in the western Iraqi Al Anbar Governorate, about 240 km northwest of Baghdad. It is a farming town situated on the Euphrates River at 34°08′23″N 42°22′41″E. Its population of around 46,500 people, predominantly Sunni Muslim Arabs.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haditha
  • Type: City, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 32.39

Number 11

Novel by Jonathan Coe

  • Desc: Number 11 is a novel by British writer Jonathan Coe, published in 2015. The book explores the changing social, economical and cultural landscape of the United Kingdom in the early 21st century.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Number_11_(novel)
  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 27.20
Iraqi conflict (2003–present)

Iraqi conflict (2003–present)

Armed conflict

Invasion of Kuwait

Invasion of Kuwait

Invasion

  • Desc: The invasion of Kuwait on 2 August 1990 was a two-day operation conducted by Iraq against the neighboring State of Kuwait, which resulted in the seven-month-long Iraqi occupation of the country.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invasion_of_Kuwait
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 8.16
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