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Halkomelem


Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bd/Halkomelem_lang.png/45px-Halkomelem_lang.png

Description. Lang: en

Halkomelem  (Halq̓eméylem in the Upriver dialect, Hul̓q̓umín̓um̓ in the Island dialect, and hən̓q̓əmin̓əm̓ in the Downriver dialect) is a language of various First Nations peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast. It is spoken in what is now British Columbia, ranging from southeastern Vancouver Island from the west shore of Saanich Inlet northward beyond Gabriola Island and Nanaimo to Nanoose Bay and including the Lower Mainland from the Fraser River Delta upriver to Harrison Lake and the lower boundary of the Fraser Canyon.
In the classification of Salishan languages, Halkomelem  is a member of the Central Salish branch.  There are four other branches of the family: Tsamosan, Interior Salish, Bella Coola, and Tillamook.  Speakers of the Central and Tsamosan languages are often identified in ethnographic literature as "Coast Salish".
The word Halkomelem is an anglicization for the language Hul'qumi'num, which has three distinct dialect groups:

an Island group, spoken by separate but closely related First Nations on Vancouver Island and adjoining islands on the west side of the Strait of Georgia: the Snuneymuxw (Nanaimo), Nanoose, Stz'uminus (Chemainus), Cowichan, Halalt, Lake Cowichan, Lyackson, Penelakut, and Lamalchi.
a Downriver group, spoken by the Musqueam, Tsawwassen, Kwantlen, Tsleil-Waututh, Qayqayt, Kwikwetlem, and Katzie.
an Upriver group, the Upper Sto:lo, spoken from the Matsqui First Nation on upstream to Yale, Sumas, Chilliwack, Pilalt, and Tait.The language differences (namely, in phonology and lexicon) are greatest between the Island and Upriver dialects, with the Downriver dialect (especially the Tsawwassen First Nation) providing a central link between the other two.  The diversity of the Halkomelem dialects is noted to be the result of complex social and economic forces and linguistic change, as many Island people crossed the Georgia Strait to camp along the Fraser River (in both the Downriver and Upriver areas) for the summer runs of salmon.  Arranged marriages between children in different language areas was also common, helping to establish a regional social network in the Strait of Georgia–Puget Sound Basin.
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Halkomelem

Halkomelem

Spoken language

  • Desc: Halkomelem is a language of various First Nations peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast. It is spoken in what is now British Columbia, ranging from southeastern Vancouver Island from the west shore of Saanich Inlet northward beyond Gabriola Island and Nanaimo to Nanoose Bay and including the Lower Mainland from the Fraser River Delta upriver to Harrison Lake and the lower boundary of the Fraser Canyon.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halkomelem
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 190.87
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