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Haiti


Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/56/Flag_of_Haiti.svg/50px-Flag_of_Haiti.svg.png

Description. Lang: en

Haiti ( (listen); French: Haïti [a.iti]; Haitian Creole: Ayiti [ajiti]), officially the Republic of Haiti (French: République d'Haïti; Haitian Creole: Repiblik D Ayiti) and formerly called Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea, to the east of Cuba and Jamaica and south of The Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island which it shares with the Dominican Republic. To its south-west lies the small island of Navassa Island, which is claimed by Haiti but is disputed as a United States territory under federal administration. Haiti is 27,750 square kilometers (10,714 sq mi) in size and has an estimated population of 11.1 million, making it the most populous country in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the second-most populous country in the Caribbean after Cuba.
The island was originally inhabited by the indigenous Taíno people, who migrated from South America. The first Europeans arrived on 5 December 1492 during the first voyage of Christopher Columbus, who initially believed he had found India or China. Columbus subsequently founded the first European settlement in the Americas, La Navidad, on what is now the northeastern coast of Haiti.  The island was claimed by Spain and named La Española, forming part of the Spanish Empire until the early 17th century. However, competing claims and settlements by the French led to the western portion of the island being ceded to France in 1697, which was subsequently named Saint-Domingue. French colonists established lucrative sugarcane plantations, worked by vast numbers of slaves brought from Africa, which made the colony one of the richest in the world.
In the midst of the French Revolution (1789–99), slaves and free people of color launched the Haitian Revolution (1791–1804), led by a former slave and the first black general of the French Army, Toussaint Louverture. After 12 years of conflict, Napoleon Bonaparte's forces were defeated by Louverture's successor, Jean-Jacques Dessalines (later Emperor Jacques I), who declared Haiti's sovereignty on 1 January 1804 — the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean, the second republic in the Americas, the first country to abolish slavery, and the only state in history established by a successful slave revolt. Apart from Alexandre Pétion, the first President of the Republic, all of Haiti's first leaders were former slaves. After a brief period in which the country was split in two, President Jean-Pierre Boyer united the country and then attempted to bring the whole of Hispaniola under Haitian control, precipitating a long series of wars that ended in the 1870s when Haiti formally recognised the independence of the Dominican Republic. Haiti's first century of independence was characterised by political instability, ostracism by the international community and the payment of a crippling debt to France. Political volatility and foreign economic influence in the country prompted the United States to occupy the country from 1915–34. Following a series of short-lived presidencies, François 'Papa Doc' Duvalier took power in 1956, ushering in a long period of autocratic rule that was continued by his son Jean-Claude 'Baby Doc' Duvalier that lasted until 1986; the period was characterised by state-sanctioned violence against the opposition and civilians, corruption and economic stagnation. Since 1986 Haiti has been attempting to establish a more democratic political system.
Haiti is a founding member of the United Nations, Organization of American States (OAS), Association of Caribbean States, and the International Francophonie Organisation. In addition to CARICOM, it is a member of the International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization, and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States. Historically poor and politically unstable, Haiti has the lowest Human Development Index in the Americas. Since the turn of the 21st century, the country has endured a coup d'état, which prompted a U.N. intervention, as well as a deadly earthquake that killed over 250,000.
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Haiti

Haiti

Country in the Caribbean

  • Desc: Haiti, officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea, to the east of Cuba and Jamaica and south of The Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haiti
  • Type: Country, Place, Thing, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 7226.38
2010 Haiti Earthquake

2010 Haiti Earthquake

Catastrophe

  • Desc: The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne and approximately 25 kilometres west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_Haiti_earthquake
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 376.23

We Are the World

Song by Lionel Richie and Michael Jackson

  • Desc: "We Are the World" is a charity single originally recorded by the supergroup USA for Africa in 1985. It was written by Michael Jackson and Lionel Richie and produced by Quincy Jones and Michael Omartian for the album We Are the World.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/We_Are_the_World
  • Type: Thing, MusicComposition
  • Result Score: 361.30
Haiti national football team

Haiti national football team

Football team

  • Desc: The Haiti national football team represents Haiti in international football. Haiti is administered by the Fédération Haïtienne de Football, the governing body for football in Haiti.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haiti_national_football_team
  • Type: Thing, SportsTeam
  • Result Score: 350.21
Port-au-Prince

Port-au-Prince

Capital of Haiti

  • Desc: Port-au-Prince is the capital and most populous city of Haiti. The city's population was estimated at 987,310 in 2015 with the metropolitan area estimated at a population of 2,618,894.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port-au-Prince
  • Type: Thing, AdministrativeArea, Place, City
  • Result Score: 209.93
Mary Mary

Mary Mary

Duo

  • Desc: Mary Mary are a female American gospel duo composed of sisters Erica Atkins-Campbell and Trecina Atkins-Campbell. Formed in 1998, Mary Mary was launched into mainstream recognition following the release of their best-selling debut album, Thankful, which contained the hit single "Shackles".
  • URL: http://ilovemarymary.com/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Mary
  • Type: Thing, MusicGroup
  • Result Score: 208.93
Tortuga

Tortuga

Island in Haiti

  • Desc: Tortuga Island is a Caribbean island that forms part of Haiti, off the northwest coast of Hispaniola. It constitutes the commune of Île de la Tortue in the Port-de-Paix arrondissement of the Nord-Ouest department of Haiti.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tortuga_(Haiti)
  • Type: Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 168.72
Jean-Jacques Dessalines

Jean-Jacques Dessalines

Haitian general

  • Desc: Jean-Jacques Dessalines was a leader of the Haitian Revolution and the first ruler of an independent Haiti under the 1805 constitution. He ordered the 1804 Haiti massacre of the remaining white population of native French people. Under Dessalines, Haiti became the first country in the Americas to permanently abolish slavery.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Jacques_Dessalines
  • Type: Person, Thing
  • Result Score: 120.58
Little Haiti

Little Haiti

Neighborhood in Miami, Florida

Haitian cuisine

Haitian cuisine

Cuisine

  • Desc: Haitian cuisine consists of cooking traditions and practices from Haiti. It is a Creole cuisine, that originates from a blend of several culinary styles that populated the western portion of the island of Hispaniola, namely the French, African, indigenous Taíno, Spanish and Arabic influence.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haitian_cuisine
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 104.93

Haitian

Fictional character

  • Desc: The Haitian is a fictional character on the NBC television series Heroes, portrayed by Haitian actor Jimmy Jean-Louis. In the show, he is an associate of Noah Bennet.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haitian_(Heroes)
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 99.86
Haitian Creole

Haitian Creole

Spoken language

  • Desc: Haitian Creole is a French-based creole language spoken by 10–12 million people worldwide, and the only language of most Haitians. It is called kreyòl ayisyen or just kreyòl by its speakers, and créole haïtien in Standard French.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haitian_Creole
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 94.68

We Are the World 25 for Haiti

Song by Lionel Richie and Michael Jackson

  • Desc: "We Are the World 25 for Haiti" is a charity single recorded by the supergroup Artists for Haiti in 2010. It is a remake of the 1985 hit song "We Are the World", which was written by American musicians Michael Jackson and Lionel Richie, and was recorded by USA for Africa to benefit famine relief in Africa.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/We_Are_the_World_25_for_Haiti
  • Type: Thing, MusicComposition
  • Result Score: 94.37
Hispaniola

Hispaniola

Island in North America

  • Desc: Hispaniola is an island in the Caribbean archipelago known as the Greater Antilles. It is the most populous island in the West Indies and the region's second largest after Cuba.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hispaniola
  • Type: Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 90.68

Haiti women's national football team

Football team

  • Desc: The Haiti women's national football team participates in several competitions including the CONCACAF Women's Gold Cup. The team also participates in qualification for the FIFA Women's World Cup and Summer Olympics, although they have yet to succeed in qualifying for either tournament.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haiti_women's_national_football_team
  • Type: Organization, Thing, SportsTeam
  • Result Score: 85.87

Haiti national under-17 football team

Football team

Mountains Beyond Mountains

Book by Tracy Kidder

Haitian Vodou

Haitian Vodou

Religion

  • Desc: Haitian Vodou is a syncretic religion based on West African Vodun, practiced chiefly in Haiti and the Haitian diaspora. Practitioners are called "vodouists" or "servants of the spirits".
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haitian_Vodou
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 73.13
United States occupation of Haiti

United States occupation of Haiti

Invasion

  • Desc: The United States occupation of Haiti began on July 28, 1915, when 330 US Marines landed at Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on the authority of US President Woodrow Wilson. The first invasion forces had already disembarked from USS Montana on January 27, 1914.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_occupation_of_Haiti
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 57.01

Somos El Mundo 25 Por Haiti

Song by Daddy Yankee, Emilio Estefan, and Gloria Estefan

  • Desc: "Somos El Mundo 25 Por Haiti" is a 2010 song and charity single recorded by the Latin supergroup Artists for Haiti and written by Emilio Estefan and his wife Gloria Estefan.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somos_El_Mundo_25_Por_Haiti
  • Type: Thing, MusicComposition
  • Result Score: 55.71

Haitian Football Federation

Sports association

  • Desc: The Haitian Football Federation is the governing body for football in Haiti. The FHF is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the game of football in Haiti, both professional and amateur.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haitian_Football_Federation
  • Type: Organization, Thing, SportsOrganization
  • Result Score: 42.26
Haitian gourde

Haitian gourde

Currency

  • Desc: The gourde or goud is the currency of Haiti. Its ISO 4217 code is HTG and it is divided into 100 centimes or santim. The word "gourde" is a French cognate for the Spanish term "gordo", from the "pesos gordos" in which colonial-era contracts within the Spanish sphere of influence were often denominated.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haitian_gourde
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 36.00
Bernard Haitink

Bernard Haitink

Dutch conductor

Hinche

Hinche

Commune

First Empire of Haiti

First Empire of Haiti

Empire

  • Desc: The First Empire of Haiti was an elective monarchy in North America. Haiti was controlled by France before declaring independence on January 1, 1804. The Governor-General of Haiti, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, created the empire on September 22, 1804. Proclaiming himself Emperor Jacques I, he held his coronation ceremony on October 6.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Empire_of_Haiti
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 29.45
Aquin

Aquin

Commune

  • Desc: Aquin is a commune in the Aquin Arrondissement, in the Sud department of Haiti. It is a port on the south coast of the Tiburon Peninsula. It had 104,216 inhabitants in 2015, up from 1,799 in 1950.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aquin
  • Type: City, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 25.58
Saint-Marc

Saint-Marc

Commune in Haiti

  • Desc: Saint-Marc is a commune in western Haiti in Artibonite. Its geographic coordinates are 19°7′N 72°42′W. At the 2003 Census the commune had 160,181 inhabitants. It is one of the biggest cities, second to Gonaïve, between Port-au-Prince and Cap-Haïtien.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint-Marc
  • Type: City, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 25.29
Les Cayes

Les Cayes

Commune in Haiti

  • Desc: Les Cayes, often referred to as Aux Cayes, is a commune and seaport in the Les Cayes Arrondissement, in the Sud department of Haiti, with a population of 71,236.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Les_Cayes
  • Type: Place, Thing, City, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 25.24

Haitian Americans

People

  • Desc: Haitian Americans are Americans of Haitian descent. The largest proportion of Haitians in the United States live in the South Florida area and especially the cities of Tampa and Orlando.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haitian_Americans
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 19.31
State of Haiti

State of Haiti

State

  • Desc: The State of Haiti was the name of the state in northern Haiti. It was created on October 17, 1806 following the overthrow of the Empire of Haiti following the assassination of Emperor Jacques I.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Haiti
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 18.73

Haitians in the Dominican Republic

Ethnicity

Haiti

Book by Herbert Gold

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 11.86

Mimar voce

Song by Caetano Veloso

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 11.53
Milot

Milot

Commune in Haiti

  • Desc: Milot is a commune in the Nord department of Haiti, 12 miles south of Cap-Haïtien. It is the site of Sans-Souci Palace, one of Haiti's most revered landmarks. The Citadelle Laferrière, Haiti's best-known landmark, is five miles by road to the south.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milot,_Haiti
  • Type: City, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 10.93
Limonade

Limonade

Commune

  • Desc: Limonade is a commune in the Cap-Haïtien Arrondissement, in the Nord department of Haiti. It has 69,256 inhabitants. Christopher Columbus and his crew celebrated the first Christmas in the Americas at Limonade in 1492.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limonade
  • Type: City, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 10.81
Les Anglais

Les Anglais

Commune

  • Desc: Les Anglais, French for "The English", is a commune in the Chardonnières Arrondissement, in the Sud department of Haiti. It has 27,182 inhabitants. The eye of Hurricane Matthew made landfall near Les Anglais on 4 October 2016 at 6 a.m. EST as a powerful Category 4 hurricane with winds of 230 km/h.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Les_Anglais
  • Type: City, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 10.72

Haiti

Song by Nicolas Geffrard, Peter Breiner, and Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 9.27
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