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Haiti

Description. Lang: en

Haiti ( (listen); French: Haïti [a.iti]; Haitian Creole: Ayiti [ajiti]), officially the Republic of Haiti (French: République d'Haïti; Haitian Creole: Repiblik Ayiti) and formerly called Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea, to the east of Cuba and Jamaica and south of The Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island which it shares with the Dominican Republic. To its south-west lies the small island of Navassa Island, which is administered by the United States but claimed by Haiti as part of its territory. Haiti is 27,750 square kilometers (10,714 sq mi) in size and has an estimated population of 10.8 million, making it the most populous country in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the second-most populous country in the Caribbean after Cuba.
The island was originally inhabited by the indigenous Taíno people, who migrated from South America. The first Europeans arrived on 5 December 1492 during the first voyage of Christopher Columbus, who initially believed he had found India or China. Columbus subsequently founded the first European settlement in the Americas, La Navidad, on what is now the northeastern coast of Haiti.  The island was claimed by Spain and named La Española, forming part of the Spanish Empire until the early 17th century. However, competing claims and settlements by the French led to the western portion of the island being ceded to France in 1697, which was subsequently named Saint-Domingue. French colonists established lucrative sugarcane plantations, worked by vast numbers of slaves brought from Africa, which made the colony one of the richest in the world.
In the midst of the French Revolution (1789–99), slaves and free people of color launched the Haitian Revolution (1791–1804), led by a former slave and the first black general of the French Army, Toussaint Louverture. After 12 years of conflict, Napoleon Bonaparte's forces were defeated by Louverture's successor, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, who declared Haiti's sovereignty on 1 January 1804 — the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean, the second republic in the Americas, the first country to abolish slavery, and the only state in history established by a successful slave revolt. Apart from Alexandre Pétion, the first President of the Republic, all of Haiti's first leaders were former slaves. After a brief period in which the country was split in two, President Jean-Pierre Boyer united the country and then attempted to bring the whole of Hispaniola under Haitian control, precipitating a long series of wars that ended in the 1870s when Haiti formally recognised the independence of the Dominican Republic. Haiti's first century of independence was characterised by political instability, ostracism by the international community and the payment of a crippling debt to France. Political volatility and foreign economic influence in the country prompted the United States to occupy the country from 1915-34. Following a series of short-lived presidencies, François 'Papa Doc' Duvalier took power in 1956, ushering in a long period of autocratic rule that was continued by his son Jean-Claude 'Baby Doc' Duvalier that lasted until 1986; the period was characterised by state-sanctioned violence against the opposition and civilians, corruption and economic stagnation. Since 1986 Haiti has been attempting to establish a more democratic political system.
Haiti is a founding member of the United Nations, Organization of American States (OAS), Association of Caribbean States, and the International Francophonie Organisation. In addition to CARICOM, it is a member of the International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization, and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States. Historically poor and politically unstable, Haiti has the lowest Human Development Index in the Americas. Since the turn of the 21st century, the country has endured a coup d'état, which prompted a U.N. intervention, as well as a deadly earthquake that killed over 250,000.
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Haiti

Haiti

Country in the Caribbean

  • Desc: Haiti, officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea, to the east of Cuba and Jamaica and south of The Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haiti
  • Type: Thing, Country, Place, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 117.89
2010 Haiti Earthquake

2010 Haiti Earthquake

Catastrophe

  • Desc: The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne and approximately 25 kilometres west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_Haiti_earthquake
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 102.40
Haiti national football team

Haiti national football team

Soccer team

  • Desc: The Haiti national football team represents Haiti in international football. Haiti is administered by the Fédération Haïtienne de Football, the governing body for football in Haiti.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haiti_national_football_team
  • Type: Thing, SportsTeam
  • Result Score: 75.89
United States occupation of Haiti

United States occupation of Haiti

Invasion

  • Desc: The United States occupation of Haiti began on July 28, 1915, when 330 US Marines landed at Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on the authority of US President Woodrow Wilson. The first invasion forces had already disembarked from USS Montana on January 27, 1914.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_occupation_of_Haiti
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 58.24
Flag of Haiti

Flag of Haiti

Flag

  • Desc: The flag of Haiti is a bicolour flag featuring two horizontal bands coloured blue and red, defaced by a white panel bearing the coat of arms.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Haiti
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 43.05
Port-au-Prince

Port-au-Prince

Capital of Haiti

  • Desc: Port-au-Prince is the capital and most populous city of Haiti. The city's population was estimated at 987,310 in 2015 with the metropolitan area estimated at a population of 2,618,894.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port-au-Prince
  • Type: Thing, Place, City, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 35.31
Embassy of Haiti

Embassy of Haiti

Embassy in Washington, D.C., United States

Haiti national under-20 football team

Soccer team

Haiti women's national football team

Soccer team

  • Desc: The Haiti women's national football team participates in several competitions including the CONCACAF Women's Gold Cup. The team also participates in qualification for the FIFA Women's World Cup and Summer Olympics, although they have yet to succeed in qualifying for either tournament.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haiti_women's_national_football_team
  • Type: SportsTeam, Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 30.27

Haiti national under-17 football team

Soccer team

Kingdom of Haiti

Kingdom of Haiti

State

  • Desc: The Northern Kingdom of Haiti was the state established by Henri Christophe on 28 March 1811 when he was self-proclaimed as King Henri I after having previously ruled as president.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Haiti
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 28.90

2004 Haitian coup d'état

Military conflict

  • Desc: The 2004 Haitian coup d'état occurred after conflicts lasting for several weeks in Haiti during February 2004. It resulted in the removal from office of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide preventing him from finishing his second term, and he left Haiti on a United States plane accompanied by U.S. military/security personnel.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2004_Haitian_coup_d'%C3%A9tat
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 28.08
State of Haiti

State of Haiti

State

  • Desc: The State of Haiti was the name of the state in northern Haiti. It was created on October 17, 1806 following the overthrow of the Empire of Haiti following the assassination of Emperor Jacques I.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Haiti
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 27.42
Little Haiti

Little Haiti

Neighborhood in Miami, Florida

First Empire of Haiti

First Empire of Haiti

Empire

  • Desc: The First Empire of Haiti was an elective monarchy in North America. Haiti was controlled by France before declaring independence on January 1, 1804. The Governor-General of Haiti, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, created the empire on September 22, 1804. Proclaiming himself Emperor Jacques I, he held his coronation ceremony on October 6.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Empire_of_Haiti
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 27.06
Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic

Country in the Caribbean

Hispaniola

Hispaniola

Island in North America

  • Desc: Hispaniola is an island in the Caribbean archipelago known as the Greater Antilles. It is the most populous island in the West Indies and the region's second largest after Cuba.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hispaniola
  • Type: Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 24.42
Tortuga

Tortuga

Island in Haiti

  • Desc: Tortuga Island is a Caribbean island that forms part of Haiti, off the northwest coast of Hispaniola. It constitutes the commune of Île de la Tortue in the Port-de-Paix arrondissement of the Nord-Ouest department of Haiti.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tortuga_(Haiti)
  • Type: Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 24.14
University of Haiti

University of Haiti

Higher educational institution in Port-au-Prince, Haiti

  • Desc: The Université d'État d'Haïti is one of Haiti's most prestigious institutions of higher education. It is located in Port-au-Prince. Its origins date to the 1820s, when colleges of medicine and law were established. In 1942, the various faculties merged into the University of Haiti.
  • URL: http://www.ueh.edu.ht/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universit%C3%A9_d'%C3%89tat_d'Ha%C3%AFti
  • Type: Thing, Organization, EducationalOrganization, CollegeOrUniversity
  • Result Score: 24.03
Hope for Haiti Now

Hope for Haiti Now

Television program

  • Desc: Hope for Haiti Now: A Global Benefit for Earthquake Relief was a charity telethon held on January 22, 2010 from 8 p.m. to 10 p.m. Eastern Standard Time. The telethon was the most widely distributed telethon in history.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hope_for_Haiti_Now
  • Type: TVSeries, Thing, Movie
  • Result Score: 23.47
Wyclef Jean

Wyclef Jean

Rapper

  • Desc: Nel Ust Wyclef Jean is a Haitian rapper, musician and actor. At the age of nine, Jean immigrated to the United States with his family. He first achieved fame as a member of the New Jersey hip hop group the Fugees. Jean has won three Grammy Awards for his musical work. On August 5, 2010, Jean filed for candidacy in the 2010 Haitian presidential election.
  • URL: http://www.wyclef.com/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wyclef_Jean
  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 22.17

Haiti national basketball team

Basketball team

Second Empire of Haiti

Second Empire of Haiti

Empire

  • Desc: The Second Haitian Empire, officially known as the Empire of Haiti, was a state which existed from 1849 to 1859. It was established by the then-President, former Lieutenant General and Supreme Commander of the Presidential Guards under President Riché, Faustin Soulouque, who, inspired by Napoleon I, declared himself Emperor Faustin I of Haiti on August 26, 1849 at the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption in Port-au-Prince.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Empire_of_Haiti
  • Type: Thing, Country, Place
  • Result Score: 22.03

Haiti

Commune in Haiti

  • Desc: Gonaïves is a commune in northern Haiti, and the capital of the Artibonite department of Haiti. It has a population of about 300,000 people. The city of Gonaïves was founded in 1422 by Indians who named it Gonaibo. It is also known as Haiti's "independence city". The Bay of Gonaïves is named after the town.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gona%C3%AFves
  • Type: Thing, Place, City, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 21.56

Haiti national under-23 football team

Soccer team

  • Desc: The Haiti national under-23 football team represents Haiti in international football competitions and qualifications for the Olympic Games. The selection is limited to players under the age of 23, except three overage players. The team is controlled by the Fédération Haïtienne de Football.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haiti_national_under-23_football_team
  • Type: Thing, SportsTeam, Organization
  • Result Score: 20.51

Haiti women's national under-20 football team

Soccer team

Air Haïti

Airline

1804 Haiti massacre

1804 Haiti massacre

Event

  • Desc: The 1804 Haiti massacre was carried out against the remaining white population of native French people and French Creoles in Haiti by Haitian soldiers under orders from Jean-Jacques Dessalines.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1804_Haiti_massacre
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 19.25
Badrodin Haiti

Badrodin Haiti

Chief police officer

  • Desc: Police-General Badrodin Haiti was the Chief of the Indonesian National Police from 16 January 2015 until 13 July 2016, succeeding, Police-General Sutarman.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Badrodin_Haiti
  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 19.20

Haiti Cherie

Song by Harry Belafonte

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 18.76
Jacmel

Jacmel

Commune in Haiti

  • Desc: Jacmel, is a commune in southern Haiti founded by the Spanish in 1504 and repopulated by the French in 1698. It is the capital of the department of Sud-Est and has an estimated population of 40,000, while the commune of Jacmel had a population of 137,966 at the 2003 Census.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacmel
  • Type: Place, Thing, City, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 18.28
2018 Haiti earthquake

2018 Haiti earthquake

Earthquake

  • Desc: On October 6, 2018, at approximately 8:11 p.m, a magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck 19 kilometers northwest of Port-de-Paix, Haiti. The earthquake damaged structures and killed 18 people.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2018_Haiti_earthquake
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 18.05

Haiti

Commune in Haiti

  • Desc: Cap-Haïtien, often referred to as Le Cap or Au Cap, is a commune of about 190,000 people on the north coast of Haiti and capital of the department of Nord.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cap-Ha%C3%AFtien
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, City
  • Result Score: 17.78

Yéle Haiti

Charitable organization

  • Desc: Yéle Haiti was a charitable organization established in 2001 by Haitian musician and rapper Wyclef Jean, who was born in Haiti and has kept ties there.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y%C3%A9le_Haiti
  • Type: Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 17.42

Haiti

Commune in Haiti

  • Desc: Pétion-Ville is a commune and a suburb of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, in the hills east and separate from the city itself on the northern hills of the Massif de la Selle.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P%C3%A9tion-Ville
  • Type: Thing, Place, City
  • Result Score: 17.42
Milot

Milot

Commune in Haiti

  • Desc: Milot is a commune in the Nord department of Haiti, 12 miles south of Cap-Haïtien. It is the site of Sans-Souci Palace, one of Haiti's most revered landmarks. The Citadelle Laferrière, Haiti's best-known landmark, is five miles by road to the south.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milot,_Haiti
  • Type: Thing, Place, City
  • Result Score: 16.47
Dominican War of Independence

Dominican War of Independence

War

  • Desc: The Dominican Independence War gave the Dominican Republic autonomy from Haiti on February 27, 1844. Before the war, the island of Hispaniola had been united under the Haitian government for a period of 22 years when the newly independent nation, previously known as the Captaincy General of Santo Domingo, was unified with Haiti in 1822.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominican_War_of_Independence
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 16.39

Haiti women's national under-17 football team

Soccer team

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