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Habsburg Monarchy

Description. Lang: en

Habsburg Monarchy (or Habsburg Empire) is an umbrella term used by historians for the lands and kingdoms of the House of Habsburg, especially for those of the Austrian branch. Although from 1438 until 1806 (with the exception of 1742–1745) the head of the House of Habsburg was also Holy Roman Emperor, the empire as a whole is not considered part of the Habsburg Monarchy. 
The buildup of the Habsburg Monarchy begins with the election of Rudolf I as King of Germany in 1273 and the acquisition of the Duchy of Austria for his house in 1282. Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor significantly expanded the Habsburg territories by marrying Mary of Burgundy and arranging the marriage of their son Philip the Handsome with Joanna the Mad of Spain. His nephew and successor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor inherited the Burgundian Netherlands in 1506, the Spanish Empire in 1516, and the Austrian hereditary lands in 1519. The Habsburg empire was then divided in 1556 between Emperor Ferdinand I, who was regent of Austria since 1521 as well as the elected King of Hungary and Bohemia since 1526, and Philip II of Spain. The Spanish branch (which also held the Netherlands, Burgundy and lands in Italy) went extinct in 1700. The Austrian branch (which also ruled the empire, Hungary and Bohemia) was itself divided between different branches of the family from 1564 until 1665, but thereafter it remained a single personal union.
The Habsburg monarchy of Austria was thus a composite state, if it can be considered a state at all, with no single constitution or shared institutions outside of the Habsburg court itself. This gradually changed in the 18th and 19th centuries. From 1804 to 1867 the Habsburg Monarchy was formally unified as the Austrian Empire, and from 1867 to 1918 as the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In historiography, the Habsburg Monarchy (of the Austrian branch) is often called "Austria" by metonymy. After 1700 the term monarchia austriaca came into use as a term of convenience. Within the empire alone this vast monarchy included the original hereditary lands, the Erblande, from before 1526; the lands of the Bohemian crown; the formerly Spanish Netherlands from 1714 until 1794; and some fiefs in Imperial Italy. Outside the empire it encompassed all the lands of the crown of Hungary, as well as conquests made at the expense of the Turks. The dynastic capital was Vienna, except from 1583 to 1611, when it was moved to Prague. It collapsed following defeat in the First World War.
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Habsburg Monarchy

Habsburg Monarchy

Territory

  • Desc: Habsburg Monarchy is an umbrella term used by historians for the lands and kingdoms of the House of Habsburg, especially for those of the Austrian branch.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_Monarchy
  • Type: AdministrativeArea, Thing, Place, Country
  • Result Score: 4113.12

The Habsburg monarchy

Book by Robin Okey

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 12.00

Economic Development in the Habsburg Monarchy in the 19th Century

Book by John Komlos

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 12.00

The Habsburg monarchy as a customs union

Book by John Komlos

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 12.00

The Habsburg monarchy, 1618-1815

Book by Charles Ingrao

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 12.00

Bismarck and the German Empire

Book by Erich Eyck

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 7.95
Austria-Hungary

Austria-Hungary

Autonomous region

  • Desc: Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy, was a constitutional monarchy in Central and Eastern Europe between 1867 and 1918.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austria-Hungary
  • Type: AdministrativeArea, Thing, Place, Country
  • Result Score: 1.59
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