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Guatemalan Civil War

Description. Lang: en

The Guatemalan Civil War ran from 1960 to 1996. It was fought between the government of Guatemala and various leftist rebel groups supported chiefly by ethnic Maya indigenous people and Ladino peasants, who together make up the rural poor. The government forces of Guatemala have been condemned for committing genocide against the Maya population of Guatemala during the civil war and for widespread human rights violations against civilians. The context of the struggle was amidst longstanding issues of land distribution with European-descended and foreign companies such as the United Fruit Company conflicting with the rural poor.
Democratic elections during the Guatemalan Revolution in 1944 and 1951 had brought popular leftist governments to power, but a United States-backed coup d'état in 1954 installed the military regime of Carlos Castillo Armas, who was followed by a series of conservative military dictators. In 1970, Colonel Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio became the first of a series of military dictators representing the Institutional Democratic Party or PID. The PID dominated Guatemalan politics for twelve years through electoral frauds favoring two of Col. Carlos Arana's proteges (Gen. Kjell Eugenio Laugerud Garcia in 1974 and Gen. Romeo Lucas Garcia in 1978). The PID lost its grip on Guatemalan politics when General Efraín Ríos Montt, together with a group of junior army officers, seized power in a military coup on 23 March 1982. In the 1970s continuing social discontent gave rise to an insurgency among the large populations of indigenous people and peasants, who traditionally bore the brunt of unequal land tenure. During the 1980s, the Guatemalan military assumed almost absolute government power for five years; it had successfully infiltrated and eliminated enemies in every socio-political institution of the nation, including the political, social, and intellectual classes. In the final stage of the civil war, the military developed a parallel, semi-visible, low profile but high-effect, control of Guatemala's national life.It is estimated that 200,000 people were killed or forcefully disappeared during the conflict. Though there was fighting between government forces and rebel groups, the conflict also included much more significantly, a large-scale, coordinated campaign of one-sided violence by the Guatemalan state against the civilian population from the mid-1960s onward. The military intelligence services (G2 or S2) and an affiliated intelligence organization known as La Regional or Archivo – headquartered in an annex of the presidential palace – were responsible for coordinated killings and "disappearances" of opponents of the state and suspected insurgents and those deemed by the intelligence services to be collaborators. The Guatemalan state was among the first in Latin America to engage in widespread use of forced disappearances against its opposition with the number of disappeared estimated at between 40,000 and 50,000 from 1966 until the end of the war. In rural areas where the insurgency maintained its strongholds, the repression amounted to wholesale slaughter of the peasantry and massacres of entire villages; first in the departments of Izabal and Zacapa (1966–68) and later in the predominantly Mayan western highlands from 1978 onward. In the early 1980s, the killings are considered to have taken on the scale of genocide. Most human rights abuses were at the hands of the military, police and intelligence services. Victims of the repression included indigenous activists, suspected government opponents, returning refugees, critical academics, students, left-leaning politicians, trade unionists, religious workers, journalists, and street children. The "Comisión para el Esclarecimiento Histórico" has estimated that 93% of human right abuses in the conflict have been committed by government forces and 3% by the guerrillas.In 2009, Guatemalan courts sentenced Felipe Cusanero as the first person convicted of the crime of ordering forced disappearances. This was followed by the 2013 genocide trial of former president Efraín Ríos Montt for the killing and disappearances of more than 1,700 indigenous Ixil Maya during his 1982–83 rule; the accusations of genocide derived from the "Memoria del Silencio" report – written by the UN-appointed Commission for Historical Clarification- which considered that genocide could have occurred in Quiché between 1981 and 1983, although it did not take into consideration potential economic interests in the Ixcán region – situated in Franja Transversal del Norte- given the oil fields that were discovered in that area in 1975. The first former head of state to be tried for genocide by his own country's judicial system, Montt was found guilty the day following the conclusion of his trial and was sentenced to 80 years in prison; a few days later, however, the sentence was reversed by the country's high court and the trial was scheduled to start again because of alleged judicial anomalies. The trial began again on 23 July 2015 but did not reach a verdict before the Montt's death on 1 April 2018.
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Guatemalan Civil War

Guatemalan Civil War

War

  • Desc: The Guatemalan Civil War ran from 1960 to 1996. It was fought between the government of Guatemala and various leftist rebel groups supported chiefly by ethnic Maya indigenous people and Ladino peasants, who together make up the rural poor.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guatemalan_Civil_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 753.26
Vietnam War

Vietnam War

War

  • Desc: The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War, was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 470.14
Korean War

Korean War

War

  • Desc: The Korean War was a war between North Korea and South Korea. The war began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea following a series of clashes along the border.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 331.63
Bangladesh Liberation War

Bangladesh Liberation War

War

  • Desc: The Bangladesh Liberation War, also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence, or simply the Liberation War in Bangladesh, was a revolution and armed conflict sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement in what was then East Pakistan during the 1971 Bangladesh genocide.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangladesh_Liberation_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 284.31
Chinese Civil War

Chinese Civil War

War

  • Desc: The Chinese Civil War was a civil war in China fought between the Kuomintang-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China lasting intermittently between 1927 and 1949.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_Civil_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 266.81
Soviet–Afghan War

Soviet–Afghan War

War

  • Desc: The Soviet–Afghan War lasted over nine years, from December 1979 to February 1989. Insurgent groups known collectively as the mujahideen, as well as smaller Maoist groups, fought a guerrilla war against the Soviet Army and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan government, mostly in the rural countryside.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet%E2%80%93Afghan_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 229.00
Algerian War

Algerian War

War

  • Desc: The Algerian War, also known as the Algerian War of Independence or the Algerian Revolution was fought between France and the Algerian National Liberation Front from 1954 to 1962, which led to Algeria gaining its independence from France.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algerian_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 220.78
Nigerian Civil War

Nigerian Civil War

War

  • Desc: The Nigerian Civil War, also known as the Biafran War and the Nigerian-Biafran War, was a war fought between the government of Nigeria and the secessionist state of Biafra.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nigerian_Civil_War
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 219.48
Greek Civil War

Greek Civil War

War

  • Desc: Τhe Greek Civil War was a civil war fought in Greece from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek government army — backed by the United Kingdom and the United States — and the Democratic Army of Greece — the military branch of the Communist Party of Greece — backed by Yugoslavia, Albania and Bulgaria.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_Civil_War
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 185.47
Angolan Civil War

Angolan Civil War

War

  • Desc: The Angolan Civil War was a civil conflict in Angola, beginning in 1975 and continuing, with interludes, until 2002. The war began immediately after Angola became independent from Portugal in November 1975.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angolan_Civil_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 185.12
Gulf War

Gulf War

War

  • Desc: The Gulf War, codenamed Operation Desert Shield for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait arising from oil pricing and production disputes.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 179.25
First Indochina War

First Indochina War

War

  • Desc: The First Indochina War began in French Indochina on December 19, 1946, and lasted until July 20, 1954. Fighting between French forces and their Việt Minh opponents in the south dated from September 1945.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Indochina_War
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 178.41
Salvadoran Civil War

Salvadoran Civil War

Military conflict

  • Desc: The Salvadoran Civil War was a conflict between the military-led junta government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front, a coalition or "umbrella organization" of left-wing groups.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvadoran_Civil_War
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 160.89
Cold War

Cold War

War

  • Desc: The Cold War was a period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union with its satellite states, and the United States with its allies after World War II. The historiography of the conflict began between 1946 and 1947. The Cold War began to de-escalate after the Revolutions of 1989. The collapse of the USSR in 1991 was the end of the Cold War.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cold_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 148.47
Rhodesian Bush War

Rhodesian Bush War

War

  • Desc: The Rhodesian Bush War—also called the Second Chimurenga and the Zimbabwe War of Liberation—was a civil conflict from July 1964 to December 1979 in the unrecognised country of Rhodesia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhodesian_Bush_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 147.91
Cambodian Civil War

Cambodian Civil War

Military conflict

  • Desc: The Cambodian Civil War was a military conflict that pitted the forces of the Communist Party of Kampuchea and their allies the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the Viet Cong against the government forces of the Kingdom of Cambodia and, after October 1970, the Khmer Republic, which were supported by the United States and the Republic of Vietnam.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambodian_Civil_War
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 136.37
Laotian Civil War

Laotian Civil War

War

  • Desc: The Laotian Civil War was a civil war in Laos fought between the Communist Pathet Lao and the Royal Lao Government, and is associated with the Cambodian Civil War and the Vietnam War, with both sides receiving heavy external support in a proxy war between the global Cold War superpowers.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laotian_Civil_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 131.11
Mozambican Civil War

Mozambican Civil War

War

  • Desc: The Mozambican Civil War was a civil war fought in Mozambique from 1977 to 1992. Like many regional African conflicts during the late twentieth century, the Mozambican Civil War possessed local dynamics but was also exacerbated greatly by the polarizing effects of Cold War politics.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozambican_Civil_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 128.17
Six-Day War

Six-Day War

War

  • Desc: The Six-Day War, also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six-Day_War
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 124.12

1947–1948 civil war in Mandatory Palestine

War

1947–1949 Palestine war

1947–1949 Palestine war

War

Nicaraguan Revolution

Nicaraguan Revolution

War

  • Desc: The Nicaraguan Revolution encompassed the rising opposition to the Somoza dictatorship in the 1960s and 1970s, the campaign led by the Sandinista National Liberation Front to violently oust the dictatorship in 1978–79, the subsequent efforts of the FSLN to govern Nicaragua from 1979 until 1990, and the Contra War, which was waged between the FSLN-led government of Nicaragua and the United States-backed Contras from 1981-1990.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicaraguan_Revolution
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 119.65
Yom Kippur War

Yom Kippur War

War

  • Desc: The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War, also known as the 1973 Arab–Israeli War, was a war fought from October 6 to 25, 1973, by a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yom_Kippur_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 113.12
Second Liberian Civil War

Second Liberian Civil War

War

  • Desc: The Second Liberian Civil War began in 1999 when a rebel group backed by the government of neighbouring Guinea, the Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy, emerged in northern Liberia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Liberian_Civil_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 109.45
Congo Crisis

Congo Crisis

War

  • Desc: The Congo Crisis was a period of political upheaval and conflict in the Republic of the Congo between 1960 and 1965. The crisis began almost immediately after the Congo became independent from Belgium and ended, unofficially, with the entire country under the rule of Joseph-Désiré Mobutu.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congo_Crisis
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 108.58
Colombian conflict

Colombian conflict

War

  • Desc: The Colombian conflict began in the mid-1960s and is a low-intensity asymmetric war between the government of Colombia, paramilitary groups, crime syndicates and communist guerrillas such as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, and the National Liberation Army, fighting each other to increase their influence in Colombian territory.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colombian_conflict
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 104.45
1948 Arab–Israeli War

1948 Arab–Israeli War

War

  • Desc: The 1948 Arab–Israeli War was the second and final stage of the 1947–49 Palestine war. It formally began following the end of the British Mandate for Palestine at midnight on 14 May 1948; the Israeli Declaration of Independence had been issued earlier that day, and a military coalition of Arab states entered the territory of British Palestine in the morning of 15 May.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1948_Arab%E2%80%93Israeli_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 103.53
Black September

Black September

Armed conflict

  • Desc: Black September was a conflict fought in Jordan between the Jordanian Armed Forces, under the leadership of King Hussein, and the Palestine Liberation Organisation, under the leadership of Yasser Arafat, primarily between 16 and 27 September 1970, with certain actions continuing until 17 July 1971.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_September
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 100.28

Dominican Civil War

War

  • Desc: The Dominican Civil War took place between April 24, 1965, and September 3, 1965, in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. It started when civilian and military supporters of former President Juan Bosch overthrew acting President Donald Reid Cabral.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominican_Civil_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 89.48

Angolan War of Independence

War

  • Desc: The Angolan War of Independence began as an uprising against forced cotton cultivation, and it became a multi-faction struggle for the control of Portugal's overseas province of Angola among three nationalist movements and a separatist movement.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angolan_War_of_Independence
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 88.63
Ethiopian Civil War

Ethiopian Civil War

Military conflict

  • Desc: The Ethiopian Civil War was a civil conflict fought between Ethiopia's military junta communist governments and anti-government rebels from September 1974 to June 1991.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Civil_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 85.40
Guatemala

Guatemala

Country in Central America

  • Desc: Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala, is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guatemala
  • Type: Thing, Place, Country, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 76.33
Internal conflict in Peru

Internal conflict in Peru

Armed conflict

  • Desc: The internal conflict in Peru is an ongoing armed conflict between the Government of Peru, the Communist Party of Peru and the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement. The conflict began on May 17, 1980.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internal_conflict_in_Peru
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 75.83
Suez Crisis

Suez Crisis

War

  • Desc: The Suez Crisis, or the Second Arab–Israeli war, also called the tripartite aggression in the Arab world and Sinai War in Israel, was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suez_Crisis
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 67.60
Dekemvriana

Dekemvriana

War

  • Desc: The Dekemvriana refers to a series of clashes fought during World War II in Athens from 3 December 1944 to 11 January 1945. The conflict was the culmination of months of tension between the communist EAM, some parts of its military wing, the ELAS stationed in Athens, the KKE and the OPLA from one side and from the other side, the Greek Government, some parts of the Hellenic Royal Army, the Hellenic Gendarmerie, the Cities Police, the far-right Organization X, among others and also the British Army.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dekemvriana
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 64.89
Dhofar Rebellion

Dhofar Rebellion

War

  • Desc: The Dhofar Rebellion, also known as the War in Dhofar or the Omani Civil War, was waged from 1962 to 1976 in the province of Dhofar against the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, which had British support. It ended with the defeat of the rebels.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhofar_Rebellion
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 64.31

Guatemalan Civil War

War

Portuguese Colonial War

Portuguese Colonial War

War

  • Desc: The Portuguese Colonial War, also known in Portugal as the Overseas War or in the former colonies as the War of Liberation, was fought between Portugal's military and the emerging nationalist movements in Portugal's African colonies between 1961 and 1974.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_Colonial_War
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 57.57

Sino-Vietnamese War

War

  • Desc: The Sino-Vietnamese War, also known as the Third Indochina War, was a brief border war fought between China and Vietnam in early 1979. China launched a punitive expedition in response to Vietnam's invasion and occupation of Cambodia in 1978. Chinese forces entered northern Vietnam and captured several cities near the border. On March 6, 1979, China declared that the gate to Hanoi was open and that their punitive mission had been achieved. Chinese troops then withdrew from Vietnam. Both China and Vietnam claimed victory in the last of the Indochina Wars.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-Vietnamese_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 57.46
Mexican Drug War

Mexican Drug War

Military conflict

  • Desc: The Mexican Drug War is an ongoing asymmetric low-intensity conflict between the Mexican government and various drug trafficking syndicates.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican_Drug_War
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 57.26

Chadian–Libyan conflict

War

  • Desc: The Chadian–Libyan conflict was a series of sporadic clashes in Chad between 1978 and 1987 between Libyan and Chadian forces. Libya had been involved in Chad's internal affairs prior to 1978 and before Muammar Gaddafi's rise to power in Libya in 1969, beginning with the extension of the Chadian Civil War to northern Chad in 1968.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chadian%E2%80%93Libyan_conflict
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 56.15
Indonesian National Revolution

Indonesian National Revolution

Armed conflict

  • Desc: The Indonesian National Revolution, or Indonesian War of Independence, was an armed conflict and diplomatic struggle between the Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch Empire and an internal social revolution during postwar and postcolonial Indonesia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesian_National_Revolution
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 55.45
South African Border War

South African Border War

War

  • Desc: The South African Border War, also known as the Namibian War of Independence, and sometimes denoted in South Africa as the Angolan Bush War, was a largely asymmetric conflict that occurred in Namibia, Zambia, and Angola from 26 August 1966 to 21 March 1990.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_African_Border_War
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 55.08

La Violencia

War

  • Desc: La Violencia was a ten-year civil war in Colombia from 1948 to 1958, between the Colombian Conservative Party and the Colombian Liberal Party, fought mainly in the countryside.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Violencia
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 51.73
Flag of Guatemala

Flag of Guatemala

Flag

  • Desc: The flag of Guatemala, often referred to as "Pabellón Nacional" or "Azul y Blanco" features two colors: Sky blue and white. The two Sky blue stripes represent the fact that Guatemala is a land located between two oceans, the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean; and the sky over the country.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Guatemala
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 49.36
Ogaden War

Ogaden War

Invasion

  • Desc: The Ogaden War was a Somali military offensive between July 1977 and March 1978 over the disputed Ethiopian region of Ogaden, which began with the Somali invasion of Ethiopia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ogaden_War
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 48.67
Afghanistan

Afghanistan

Country in South Asia

  • Desc: Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in South-Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and in the far northeast, China.
  • URL: http://mfa.gov.af/en/page/3767
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afghanistan
  • Type: Place, Thing, DefenceEstablishment, AdministrativeArea, Country
  • Result Score: 47.64
South Yemen Civil War

South Yemen Civil War

War

  • Desc: The South Yemen Civil War, colloquially referred to as The Events of '86, or more simply as The Events, was a failed coup d'etat and armed conflict which took place in January 1986 in South Yemen.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Yemen_Civil_War
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 47.52
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