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Franklin D. Roosevelt


Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/42/FDR_1944_Color_Portrait.jpg/35px-FDR_1944_Color_Portrait.jpg

Description. Lang: en

Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the Democratic Party, he won a record four presidential elections and became a central figure in world events during the first half of the 20th century. Roosevelt directed the federal government during most of the Great Depression, implementing his New Deal domestic agenda in response to the worst economic crisis in U.S. history. As a dominant leader of his party, he built the New Deal Coalition, which realigned American politics into the Fifth Party System and defined American liberalism throughout the middle third of the 20th century. His third and fourth terms were dominated by World War II, which ended shortly after he died in office. He is rated by scholars as one of the three greatest U.S. presidents, along with George Washington and Abraham Lincoln, but has also been subject to substantial criticism.
Roosevelt was born in Hyde Park, New York, to a Dutch American family made well known by the reputation of Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th president of the United States, and William Henry Aspinwall. FDR graduated from Groton School and Harvard College and attended Columbia Law School but left after passing the bar exam to practice law in New York City. In 1905, he married his fifth cousin once removed, Eleanor Roosevelt. They had six children, of whom five survived into adulthood. He won election to the New York State Senate in 1910, and then served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy under President Woodrow Wilson during World War I. Roosevelt was James M. Cox's running mate on the Democratic Party's 1920 national ticket, but Cox was defeated by Republican Warren G. Harding. In 1921, Roosevelt contracted a paralytic illness, believed at the time to be polio, and his legs became permanently paralyzed. While attempting to recover from his condition, Roosevelt founded the treatment center in Warm Springs, Georgia, for people with poliomyelitis. In spite of being unable to walk unaided, Roosevelt returned to public office by winning election as Governor of New York in 1928. He served as governor from 1929 to 1933, promoting programs to combat the economic crisis besetting the United States.
In the 1932 presidential election, Roosevelt defeated Republican President Herbert Hoover in a landslide. Roosevelt took office in the midst of the Great Depression, the worst economic crisis in U.S. history. During the first 100 days of the 73rd United States Congress, Roosevelt spearheaded unprecedented federal legislation and issued a profusion of executive orders that instituted the New Deal—a variety of programs designed to produce relief, recovery, and reform. He created numerous programs to provide relief to the unemployed and farmers while seeking economic recovery with the National Recovery Administration and other programs. He also instituted major regulatory reforms related to finance, communications, and labor, and presided over the end of Prohibition. He harnessed radio to speak directly to the American people, giving 30 "fireside chat" radio addresses during his presidency and becoming the first American president to be televised. The economy having improved rapidly from 1933 to 1936, Roosevelt won a landslide reelection in 1936. However, the economy then relapsed into a deep recession in 1937 and 1938. After the 1936 election, Roosevelt sought passage of the Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937 (the "court packing plan"), which would have expanded the size of the Supreme Court of the United States. The bipartisan Conservative Coalition that formed in 1937 prevented passage of the bill and blocked the implementation of further New Deal programs and reforms. Major surviving programs and legislation implemented under Roosevelt include the Securities and Exchange Commission, the National Labor Relations Act, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Social Security, and the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.
The United States reelected FDR in 1940 for his third term, making him the only U.S. President to serve for more than two terms. With World War II looming after 1938, Roosevelt gave strong diplomatic and financial support to China, the United Kingdom and eventually the Soviet Union while the U.S. remained officially neutral. Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, an event he famously called "a date which will live in infamy", Roosevelt obtained a congressional declaration of war on Japan, and, a few days later, on Germany and Italy. Assisted by his top aide Harry Hopkins and with very strong national support, he worked closely with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek in leading the Allied Powers against the Axis Powers. Roosevelt supervised the mobilization of the U.S. economy to support the war effort, and implemented a Europe first strategy, making the defeat of Germany a priority over that of Japan. He also initiated the development of the world's first atomic bomb, and worked with the other Allied leaders to lay the groundwork for the United Nations and other post-war institutions. Roosevelt won reelection in 1944, but with his physical health declining during the war years, he died in April 1945, less than three months into his fourth term. The Axis Powers surrendered to the Allies in the months following Roosevelt's death, during the presidency of his successor, Harry S. Truman.
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Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt

32nd U.S. President

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Metro station

Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum

Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum

Museum in Dutchess County, New York

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr.

American lawyer

  • Desc: Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr. was an American lawyer, politician, and businessman. He served as a United States Congressman from New York from 1949 to 1955 and as the first chairman of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission from 1965 to 1966.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_Delano_Roosevelt_Jr.
  • Type: Person, Thing
  • Result Score: 1834.48

President Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Fictional character

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 1207.95
FDR Drive

FDR Drive

Side street in New York City, New York

  • Desc: The FDR Drive is a 9.44-mile freeway-standard parkway on the east side of the New York City borough of Manhattan. It starts near South and Broad Streets, just north of the Battery Park Underpass, and runs north along the East River to the 125th Street / Robert F.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FDR_Drive
  • Type: Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 1204.83
Franklin D. Roosevelt High School

Franklin D. Roosevelt High School

School in Dallas, Texas

  • Desc: Franklin D. Roosevelt High School is a public secondary school in the Oak Cliff area of Dallas, Texas, serving grades 9 - 12. The school opened in 1963 and is part of the Dallas Independent School District.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_D._Roosevelt_High_School_(Dallas)
  • Type: School, EducationalOrganization, Organization, Thing
  • Result Score: 49.03

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Book by Frank Freidel

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 43.00

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Book by Ernest Kidder Lindley

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Book by Patrick Renshaw

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Fictional character

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Franklin D. Roosevelt

The Simpsons character

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 43.00

Warm Springs

2005 film

  • Desc: Warm Springs is a 2005 television film directed by Joseph Sargent, written by Margaret Nagle, and starring Kenneth Branagh, Cynthia Nixon, Kathy Bates, Tim Blake Nelson, Jane Alexander, and David Paymer. The screenplay concerns U.S. President Franklin D.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warm_Springs_(film)
  • Type: Movie, Thing
  • Result Score: 31.53

Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr.

Eleanor Roosevelt's son

  • Type: Person, Thing
  • Result Score: 25.00

Franklin D. Roosevelt (Rookie Biographies

Book by Wil Mara

  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 25.00
F. D. Roosevelt Airport

F. D. Roosevelt Airport

Airport in Oranjestad, Sint Eustatius, Caribbean Netherlands

  • Desc: F. D. Roosevelt Airport is the airport located on the island of Sint Eustatius, Caribbean Netherlands. It was opened as "Golden Rock Airport" in 1946 and renamed for Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F._D._Roosevelt_Airport
  • Type: Airport, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 20.13

Trying

Play by Joanna Glass

  • Desc: Trying is a drama by Canadian-born playwright Joanna Glass that premiered at Chicago's Victory Gardens Theater on March 29, 2004.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trying_(play)
  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 6.27
Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt

26th U.S. President

  • Desc: Theodore Roosevelt Jr. was an American statesman, conservationist and writer who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Roosevelt
  • Type: Person, Thing
  • Result Score: 2.27
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