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Ethiopia

Description. Lang: en

Ethiopia (; Amharic: ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā, listen , Ge'ez: ኢትዮጵያ, Tigrinya: ኢትዮጵያ, Oromo: Itiyoophiyaa, Somali: Itoobiya, Afar: Itiyoophiyaa), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk, listen ), is a landlocked country in the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia and the disputed territory of Somaliland (which is claimed by Somalia) to the east, Kenya to the south, South Sudan to the west and Sudan to the northwest. With over 109 million inhabitants, Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world and the second-most populous nation on the African continent with a total area of 1,100,000 square kilometres (420,000 sq mi). Its capital and largest city is Addis Ababa, which lies a few miles west of the East African Rift that splits the country into the Nubian and Somali tectonic plates.
Some of the oldest skeletal evidence for anatomically modern humans has been found in Ethiopia. It is widely considered as the region from which modern humans first set out for the Middle East and places beyond. According to linguists, the first Afroasiatic-speaking populations settled in the Horn region during the ensuing Neolithic era. Tracing its roots to the 2nd millennium BCE, Ethiopia's governmental system was a monarchy for most of its history. Oral literature tells that the monarchy was founded by the Solomonic dynasty of the Queen of Sheba, under its first king, Menelik I. In the first centuries, the Kingdom of Aksum maintained a unified civilization in the region, followed by the Ethiopian Empire circa 1137. During the late 19th-century Scramble for Africa, Ethiopia and Liberia were two nations that preserved their sovereignty from long-term colonisation by a European colonial power and many newly-independent nations on the continent subsequently adopted its flag colours. However, the country was later occupied by Italy in 1936 and became Italian Ethiopia (part of Italian East Africa) until it was liberated during World War II. During the Italian rule, slavery in the country was abolished, and urbanization steadily increased. Ethiopia was also the first independent member from Africa of the 20th-century League of Nations and the United Nations. In 1974, the Ethiopian monarchy under Haile Selassie was overthrown by the Derg, a communist military government backed by the Soviet Union. In 1987, the Derg established the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, but it was overthrown in 1991 by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, which has been the ruling political coalition since.
Ethiopia and Eritrea use the ancient Ge'ez script, which is one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world. The Ethiopian calendar, which is approximately seven years and three months behind the Gregorian calendar, co-exists alongside the Borana calendar. A majority of the population adheres to Christianity (mainly the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and P'ent'ay) and the historical Kingdom of Aksum was one of the first states to officially adopt the religion, whereas around a third follows Islam (primarily Sunni). The country is the site of the Migration to Abyssinia and the oldest Muslim settlement in Africa at Negash. A substantial population of Ethiopian Jews, known as Bete Israel, also resided in Ethiopia until the 1980s. Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans. Most people in the country speak Afroasiatic languages of the Cushitic or Semitic branches. Additionally, Omotic languages are spoken by ethnic minority groups inhabiting the southern regions. Nilo-Saharan languages are also spoken by the nation's Nilotic ethnic minorities. Oromo is the most populous language by native speakers, while Amharic is the most populous by number of total speakers and serves as the working language in the federal government. Ge'ez remains important as a liturgical language, both for the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, and for the Beta Israel (Ethiopian Jews).
The nation is a land of natural contrasts, with its vast fertile west, its forests, and numerous rivers, and the world's hottest settlement of Dallol in its north. The Ethiopian Highlands are the largest continuous mountain ranges in Africa, and the Sof Omar Caves contains the largest cave on the continent. Ethiopia also has the most UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Africa. Additionally, the sovereign state is a founding member of the UN, the Group of 24 (G-24), the Non-Aligned Movement, G-77 and the Organisation of African Unity. Its capital city Addis Ababa serves as the headquarters of the African Union, the Pan African Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, the African Standby Force, and many of the global NGOs focused on Africa. In the 1970s and 1980s, Ethiopia experienced civil conflicts and communist purges, which hindered its economy. The country has since recovered and now has the largest economy (by GDP) in East Africa, having the largest population in the region. Despite these improvements, it remains one of the world's poorest countries. In addition to poverty, Ethiopia faces hunger, corruption, weak infrastructure, and poor access to health and education  (with a illiteracy rate of 51%), ranking in the worst quartile on the Human Development Index. The Ethiopian government's human rights also remained poor, and the country currently has the fifth-highest homicide rate in the world.
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Ethiopia

Ethiopia

Country in East Africa

  • Desc: Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country in the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia and the disputed territory of Somaliland to the east, Kenya to the south, South Sudan to the west and Sudan to the northwest.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopia
  • Type: Place, Country, AdministrativeArea, Thing
  • Result Score: 9459.53
Ethiopian Airlines

Ethiopian Airlines

Airline

Ethiopia national football team

Football team

  • Desc: The Ethiopia national football team, nicknamed Walias, after the Walia ibex, represents Ethiopia in international football and is controlled by the Ethiopian Football Federation, the governing body for football in Ethiopia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopia_national_football_team
  • Type: SportsTeam, Thing
  • Result Score: 460.94
Haile Selassie

Haile Selassie

Former Emperor of Ethiopia

  • Desc: Haile Selassie I was Crown Prince and Regent of the Ethiopian Empire from 1916 to 1928, and then King and Regent from 1928 to 1930, and finally Emperor from 1930 to 1974. He is a defining figure in modern Ethiopian history.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haile_Selassie
  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 314.31

Commercial Bank of Ethiopia

Banking company

Ethiopian National Defense Force

Ethiopian National Defense Force

Military

  • Desc: The Ethiopian National Defense Force is the military of Ethiopia. Civil direction of the military is carried out through the Ministry of Defense, which oversees the ground forces, air force, as well as the Defense Industry Sector.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_National_Defense_Force
  • Type: Organization, Thing
  • Result Score: 109.13
Ethiopian Empire

Ethiopian Empire

Empire

  • Desc: The Ethiopian Empire, also known by the exonym "Abyssinia", or just simply Ethiopia, was a monarchy that spanned a geographical area in the current states of Ethiopia and Eritrea.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Empire
  • Type: Thing, AdministrativeArea, Country, Place
  • Result Score: 102.44
Danakil Depression

Danakil Depression

Historical landmark in Ethiopia

  • Desc: The Danakil Depression is the northern part of the Afar Triangle or Afar Depression in Ethiopia, a geological depression that has resulted from the divergence of three tectonic plates in the Horn of Africa.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danakil_Depression
  • Type: TouristAttraction, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 92.61

Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

Hydroelectric power plant in Ethiopia

Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302

Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302

Aircraft crash

  • Desc: Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 was a scheduled international passenger flight from Addis Ababa Bole International Airport in Ethiopia to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Airlines_Flight_302
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 80.80

Ethiopian Premier League

Football league

  • Desc: The Ethiopian Premier League is the top association football division in Ethiopia. Regulated by the Ethiopian Football Federation, it was created in 1997 replacing the former first division.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Premier_League
  • Type: Organization, Thing, SportsOrganization
  • Result Score: 72.02
Derg

Derg

State

  • Desc: The Derg, officially the Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia, was a Communist Marxist-Leninist military junta that ruled Ethiopia from 1974 to 1987.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derg
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 71.58

Ethiopia Commodity Exchange

Company

  • Desc: The Ethiopia Commodity Exchange is a commodities exchange established April 2008 in Ethiopia. In Proclamation 2007-550, which created the ECX, its stated objective was "to ensure the development of an efficient modern trading system" that would "protect the rights and benefits of sellers, buyers, intermediaries, and the general public."
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopia_Commodity_Exchange
  • Type: Organization, Thing, Corporation
  • Result Score: 62.76
Ethiopian wolf

Ethiopian wolf

Animal

  • Desc: The Ethiopian wolf, also known as the Simien jackal or Simien fox, is a canid native to the Ethiopian Highlands. It is similar to the coyote in size and build, and is distinguished by its long and narrow skull, and its red and white fur.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_wolf
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 62.43
Second Italo-Ethiopian War

Second Italo-Ethiopian War

War

Ethiopia women's national football team

Football team

  • Desc: The Ethiopia women national football team is the national women football team of Ethiopia and has been overseen by the Ethiopian Football Federation. As of June 2017, they are ranked 97th in the world. They are popularly known as Lucy and Dinknesh in reference to the Australopithecus fossil.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopia_women's_national_football_team
  • Type: SportsTeam, Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 55.32
Ambo

Ambo

Town in Ethiopia

  • Desc: Ambo is famed as a spa town. Located in the West Shewa Zone of the Oromia Region, west of Addis Ababa, this town has a latitude and longitude of 8°59′N 37°51′E and an elevation of 2101 meters.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambo,_Ethiopia
  • Type: City, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 55.08
Embassy of Ethiopia, London

Embassy of Ethiopia, London

Embassy in London, England

  • Desc: The Embassy of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in London is the diplomatic mission of Ethiopia in the United Kingdom. It is located in a terrace overlooking Hyde Park in Kensington Road, South Kensington, next to the Embassy of Iran.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Embassy_of_Ethiopia,_London
  • Type: Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 54.39
Eritrean–Ethiopian War

Eritrean–Ethiopian War

War

  • Desc: The Eritrean–Ethiopian War, one of the conflicts in the Horn of Africa, took place between Ethiopia and Eritrea from May 1998 to June 2000, with the final peace only agreed to in 2018, twenty years after the initial confrontation.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eritrean%E2%80%93Ethiopian_War
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 52.24

Ethiopian Coffee S.C.

Football club

Ethiopian Highlands

Ethiopian Highlands

Highland in Ethiopia

  • Desc: The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in the Horn region in northeast Africa. It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1,500 m, while the summits reach heights of up to 4,550 m.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Highlands
  • Type: Place, Thing, Mountain
  • Result Score: 45.74
National Museum of Ethiopia

National Museum of Ethiopia

Museum in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Desc: The National Museum of Ethiopia, also referred to as the Ethiopian National Museum, is a national museum in Ethiopia. It is located in the capital, Addis Ababa, near the Addis Ababa University's graduate school.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Museum_of_Ethiopia
  • Type: Place, Museum, TouristAttraction, Thing
  • Result Score: 42.47
Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961

Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961

Plane crash

  • Desc: Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 was a scheduled flight serving the route Addis Ababa–Nairobi–Brazzaville–Lagos–Abidjan. On 23 November 1996, the aircraft serving the flight, a Boeing 767-200ER, was hijacked en route from Addis Ababa to Nairobi by three Ethiopians seeking asylum in Australia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Airlines_Flight_961
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 37.98

Ethiopia

Album by Iwan Fals

  • Type: MusicAlbum, Thing
  • Result Score: 34.74

Ethiopia

Song by Peter Breiner and Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 34.15
Ethiopian Civil War

Ethiopian Civil War

War

  • Desc: The Ethiopian Civil War was a civil war in Ethiopia and present day Eritrea, fought between the Ethiopian military junta communist governments and Ethio-Eritrean anti-government rebels from September 1974 to June 1991.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Civil_War
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 32.36

Ethiopian Airlines Flight 409

Airplane crash

  • Desc: Ethiopian Airlines Flight 409 was an international commercial flight scheduled from Beirut to Addis Ababa that crashed into the Mediterranean Sea shortly after takeoff from Rafic Hariri International Airport on 25 January 2010, killing all 90 people on board.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Airlines_Flight_409
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 31.18
Werder

Werder

Town in Ethiopia

  • Desc: Werder is a town in eastern Ethiopia. Located in the Werder Zone of the Somali Region, Werder has a latitude and longitude of 6°58′N 45°21′E with an elevation of 541 meters above sea level. It is the administrative center of Werder woreda.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Werder,_Ethiopia
  • Type: Place, Thing, City
  • Result Score: 27.99
Italian Ethiopia

Italian Ethiopia

Territory

  • Desc: Italian Ethiopia, also known as the Italian Empire of Ethiopia, is the shorthand English name given to the Italian possession in the territory of modern-day Ethiopia, obtained by expanding the existing Somali and Eritrean colonies in East Africa of the Kingdom of Italy.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_Ethiopia
  • Type: Country, Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 27.93
First Italo-Ethiopian War

First Italo-Ethiopian War

War

  • Desc: The First Italo-Ethiopian War was fought between Italy and Ethiopia from 1895 to 1896. It originated from the disputed Treaty of Wuchale which, the Italians claimed, turned the country into an Italian protectorate.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Italo-Ethiopian_War
  • Type: Event, Thing
  • Result Score: 26.49
Ensete ventricosum

Ensete ventricosum

Plants

  • Desc: Ensete ventricosum, commonly known as enset or ensete, Ethiopian banana, Abyssinian banana, and false banana, is an herbaceous species of flowering plant in the banana family Musaceae.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ensete_ventricosum
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 25.79
People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

State

  • Desc: The People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia was a socialist state that existed in Ethiopia from 1987 to 1991. The PDRE was established in February 1987 as a Marxist-Leninist one-party state upon the adoption of the 1987 Constitution, three weeks after approval in the national referendum.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People's_Democratic_Republic_of_Ethiopia
  • Type: Country, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 24.52
Eritrean–Ethiopian border conflict

Eritrean–Ethiopian border conflict

Incident

Bati

Bati

Town in Ethiopia

  • Desc: Bati is a town in north-central Ethiopia. Located in the Oromia Zone of the Amhara Region, east of Dessie this town has a latitude and longitude of 11°11′N 40°1′E with an elevation of 1502 metres above sea level. It is the largest town in Bati woreda.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bati,_Ethiopia
  • Type: Place, Thing, City
  • Result Score: 15.28
Solanum aethiopicum

Solanum aethiopicum

Plants

  • Desc: Solanum aethiopicum, the bitter tomato, Ethiopian eggplant, or nakati, is a fruiting plant of the genus Solanum mainly found in Asia and Tropical Africa. It is also known as Ethiopian nightshade, garden eggs, and mock tomato.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solanum_aethiopicum
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 14.66

Brassica carinata

Plants

  • Desc: Brassica carinata is a member of the genus Brassica. It is believed to be a hybrid between Brassica nigra and Brassica oleracea. The flowers attract honey bees to collect pollen and nectar.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brassica_carinata
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 12.49
Ethiopian Catholic Church

Ethiopian Catholic Church

Church

Lalibela

Lalibela

Town in Ethiopia

  • Desc: Lalibela is a town in Amhara Region, Ethiopia famous for its rock-cut monolithic churches. The whole of Lalibela is a large antiquity of the medieval and post-medieval civilization of Ethiopia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lalibela
  • Type: City, Place, LandmarksOrHistoricalBuildings, Thing
  • Result Score: 9.89
The Ethiopians

The Ethiopians

Musical group

  • Desc: The Ethiopians were one of Jamaica's best-loved harmony groups during the late ska, rocksteady and early reggae periods. Responsible for a significant number of hits between the mid-1960s and early 1970s, the group was also one of the first Jamaican acts to perform widely in Britain.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Ethiopians
  • Type: Thing, MusicGroup
  • Result Score: 7.03

Ethiopia

Song

  • Type: MusicRecording, Thing
  • Result Score: 7.00

Ethiopia

Book by Carmelo Conte

  • Type: Thing, Book
  • Result Score: 7.00

Ethiopia

Song by Damani Nkosi

  • Type: MusicRecording, Thing
  • Result Score: 7.00

Ethiopia

Song by Marcus Miller

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 7.00
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