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Douro Wine Company

Description. Lang: en

The Douro Wine Company (also known as the General Company of Agriculture of the Wines of the Upper Douro and in Portuguese Companhia Geral da Agricultura e Vinhos do Alto Douro) was a government oversight organization established by the Portuguese Prime Minister Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquis of Pombal to regulate the trade and production of Port wine. Established in 1756, one of the first official duties of the company was the delineation of the boundaries of the Douro wine region. This act essentially made the Douro the world's first regional appellation. While the boundaries of the Chianti and Tokaji wine regions were outlined in 1716 and 1737, respectively, neither of these regions were "technically" appellations in the sense of being subjected to continued government control and regulations. Under their charter, Pombal invested an immense amount of control in the Douro Wine Company to regulate all exports of Port, set production quantities limits, fix maximum and minimum prices for grapes and to serve as sole arbitrator in any disputes between vine growers and Port shippers. In 1761, the company was further granted a monopoly on the sale of brandy which was used in the fortification process of Port winemaking. The Douro Wine Company continued to operate to 1833 (and was briefly revived from 1843 and 1853). Today, many of it functions have been deregulated with the Instituto dos Vinhos do Douro e do Porto or (Port and Douro Wines Institute) being the official regulating body of Port wine and Douro table wine production.
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Douro Wine Company

Wine company

  • Desc: The Douro Wine Company was a government oversight organization established by the Portuguese Prime Minister Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquis of Pombal to regulate the trade and production of Port wine.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douro_Wine_Company
  • Type: Thing, Corporation, Organization, Winery
  • Result Score: 504.58
Port wine

Port wine

Wine style

  • Desc: Port wine is a Portuguese fortified wine produced with distilled grape spirits exclusively in the Douro Valley in the northern provinces of Portugal.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port_wine
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 121.77
Joseph James Forrester

Joseph James Forrester

Merchant

Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal

Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal

Portuguese statesman

Factory House

Factory House

Design agency in Porto, Portugal

  • Desc: The British Factory House, also known as the British Association House is an 18th-century Neo-Palladian building located in the northern Portuguese centre of Porto, associated with the influence of Britain in the Porto Wine industry.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Factory_House
  • Type: TouristAttraction, Place, Thing, LandmarksOrHistoricalBuildings
  • Result Score: 7.20
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