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Cyprus


Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d4/Flag_of_Cyprus.svg/50px-Flag_of_Cyprus.svg.png

Description. Lang: en

Cyprus ( (listen); Greek: Κύπρος [ˈcipros]; Turkish: Kıbrıs [ˈkɯbɾɯs]), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Greek: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, lit. Cypriot Republic; Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti, lit. Republic of Cyprus), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean. It is the third-largest, and the third-most populous island in the Mediterranean, located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, north of Israel, the Palestinian region of the Gaza Strip and Egypt, and southeast of Greece.
The earliest known human activity on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world. Cyprus was settled by Mycenaean Greeks in two waves in the 2nd millennium BC. As a strategic location in the Middle East, it was subsequently occupied by several major powers, including the empires of the Assyrians, Egyptians and Persians, from whom the island was seized in 333 BC by Alexander the Great. Subsequent rule by Ptolemaic Egypt, the Classical and Eastern Roman Empire, Arab caliphates for a short period, the French Lusignan dynasty and the Venetians, was followed by over three centuries of Ottoman rule between 1571 and 1878 (de jure until 1914).Cyprus was placed under the UK's administration based on the Cyprus Convention in 1878 and was formally annexed by the UK in 1914. While Turkish Cypriots made up 18% of the population, the partition of Cyprus and creation of a Turkish state in the north became a policy of Turkish Cypriot leaders and Turkey in the 1950s. Turkish leaders for a period advocated the annexation of Cyprus to Turkey as Cyprus was considered an "extension of Anatolia" by them; while, since the 19th century, the majority Greek Cypriot population and its Orthodox church had been pursuing union with Greece, which became a Greek national policy in the 1950s. Following nationalist violence in the 1950s, Cyprus was granted independence in 1960. The crisis of 1963–64 brought further intercommunal violence between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, which displaced more than 25,000 Turkish Cypriots into enclaves and brought the end of Turkish Cypriot representation in the republic. On 15 July 1974, a coup d'état was staged by Greek Cypriot nationalists and elements of the Greek military junta in an attempt at enosis, the incorporation of Cyprus into Greece. This action precipitated the Turkish invasion of Cyprus on 20 July, which led to the capture of the present-day territory of Northern Cyprus in the following month, after a ceasefire collapsed, and the displacement of over 150,000 Greek Cypriots and 50,000 Turkish Cypriots. A separate Turkish Cypriot state in the north was established by unilateral declaration in 1983; the move was widely condemned by the international community, with Turkey alone recognising the new state. These events and the resulting political situation are matters of a continuing dispute.
The Republic of Cyprus has de jure sovereignty over the entire island, including its territorial waters and exclusive economic zone, with the exception of the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, which remain under the UK's control according to the London and Zürich Agreements. However, the Republic of Cyprus is de facto partitioned into two main parts: the area under the effective control of the Republic, located in the south and west and comprising about 59% of the island's area, and the north, administered by the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, covering about 36% of the island's area. Another nearly 4% of the island's area is covered by the UN buffer zone. The international community considers the northern part of the island to be territory of the Republic of Cyprus occupied by Turkish forces. The occupation is viewed as illegal under international law and amounting to illegal occupation of EU territory since Cyprus became a member of the European Union.Cyprus is a major tourist destination in the Mediterranean. With an advanced, high-income economy and a very high Human Development Index, the Republic of Cyprus has been a member of the Commonwealth since 1961 and was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement until it joined the European Union on 1 May 2004. On 1 January 2008, the Republic of Cyprus joined the eurozone.
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Cyprus

Cyprus

Country in the Middle East

  • Desc: Cyprus, officially the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean. It is the third-largest, and the third-most populous island in the Mediterranean, located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, north of Israel, the Palestinian region of the Gaza Strip and Egypt, and southeast of Greece.
  • URL: http://www.cyprus.gov.cy/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus
  • Type: Thing, Place, AdministrativeArea, Country
  • Result Score: 9119.82

Cyprus

Island

  • Type: Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 2603.62
Bank of Cyprus

Bank of Cyprus

Financial services company

Cyprus Airways

Cyprus Airways

Airline

  • Desc: Cyprus Airways Ltd. was the flag carrier airline of Cyprus. It was established in September 1947 and ceased operations on 9 January 2015. Cyprus Airways had its operating base at Larnaca International Airport. In July 2016, Charlie Airlines acquired the rights to use the Cyprus Airways trademarks and brand.
  • URL: http://www.cyprusairways.com/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus_Airways_(1947%E2%80%932015)
  • Type: Thing, Organization, Corporation, Airline
  • Result Score: 282.76

Cyprus national football team

Football team

  • Desc: The Cyprus national football team represents Cyprus in international football and is controlled by the Cyprus Football Association, the governing body for football in Cyprus.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus_national_football_team
  • Type: Thing, Organization, SportsTeam
  • Result Score: 280.70

Cyprus Football Association

League

  • Desc: The Cyprus Football Association is the governing body of football in Cyprus and is based in Nicosia. It organizes the football championships, whose top league is the Cypriot First Division.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus_Football_Association
  • Type: Thing, Organization, SportsOrganization
  • Result Score: 245.28
Totò

Totò

Italian actor

  • Desc: Antonio Griffo Focas Flavio Angelo Ducas Comneno Porfirogenito Gagliardi De Curtis di Bisanzio, best known by his stage name Totò or simply as Antonio De Curtis, and nicknamed il Principe della risata, was an Italian actor, comedian, writer, poet, singer and lyricist.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tot%C3%B2
  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 203.43
Cedrus libani

Cedrus libani

Plants

  • Desc: Cedrus libani, commonly known as the cedar of Lebanon or Lebanon cedar, is a species of cedar native to the mountains of the Eastern Mediterranean basin. It is an evergreen conifer that can reach 40 m in height. It is the national emblem of Lebanon and is widely used as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cedrus_libani
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 197.42
University of Cyprus

University of Cyprus

Public university in Nicosia, Cyprus

  • Desc: The University of Cyprus is a public research university established by the Republic of Cyprus in 1989. It admitted its first students in 1992 and has approximately 7000 students.
  • URL: http://www.ucy.ac.cy/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Cyprus
  • Type: CollegeOrUniversity, Place, Organization, Corporation, EducationalOrganization, Thing
  • Result Score: 192.06
Turkish invasion of Cyprus

Turkish invasion of Cyprus

Invasion

  • Desc: The Turkish invasion of Cyprus, code-named by Turkey as Operation Atilla, was a Turkish military invasion of the island country of Cyprus. It was launched on 20 July 1974, following the Cypriot coup d'état on 15 July 1974.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_invasion_of_Cyprus
  • Type: Thing, Event
  • Result Score: 189.57
Pistacia terebinthus

Pistacia terebinthus

Plants

  • Desc: Pistacia terebinthus, known commonly as terebinth and turpentine tree, is a species of Pistacia, native to Iran, and the Mediterranean region from the western regions of Morocco, and Portugal to Greece, western and southeast Turkey.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pistacia_terebinthus
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 180.54
European University Cyprus

European University Cyprus

Private university in Engomi, Cyprus

Cyprus International University

Private university in Nicosia, Cyprus

Cyprus DLR station

Cyprus DLR station

Railway station

Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation

Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation

Nonprofit organization

Cyprus University of Technology

University in Limassol, Cyprus

  • Desc: The Cyprus University of Technology Greek: Τεχνολογικό Πανεπιστήμιο Κύπρου or "ΤΕ.ΠΑ.Κ.", is a university established in 2004. Its first intake of students took place in the academic year 2007–08.
  • URL: http://www.cut.ac.cy/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus_University_of_Technology
  • Type: Thing, CollegeOrUniversity, Place, Organization, Corporation, EducationalOrganization
  • Result Score: 151.86
Cupressus

Cupressus

Plants

  • Desc: Cupressus is one of several genera within the family Cupressaceae that have the common name cypress; for the others, see cypress. It is considered a polyphyletic group. Based on genetic and morphological analysis, the genus Cupressus is found in the subfamily Cupressoideae.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cupressus
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 151.60

Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission

State agency

Electricity Authority of Cyprus

Company

Makarios III

Makarios III

Former President of Cyprus

  • Desc: Makarios III was a Greek Cypriot clergyman and politician who served as the Archbishop and Primate of the autocephalous Church of Cyprus and as the first President of Cyprus.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Makarios_III
  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 81.03

Cypriot cuisine

Cuisine

Cyprus cat

Cyprus cat

Domestic cat breed

  • Desc: Cyprus cats, also known as Cypriot cats, Saint Helen cats, and Saint Nicholas cats, are a landrace of domestic cat found across the island of Cyprus.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus_cat
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 56.49

Cyprus national basketball team

Basketball team

Cypriot National Guard

Cypriot National Guard

Armed force

  • Desc: The National Guard of Cyprus, also known as the Greek Cypriot National Guard or simply National Guard, is the joint arms military force of the Republic of Cyprus.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cypriot_National_Guard
  • Type: Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 35.31

Cyprus Women's Cup

Sports association

  • Desc: The Cyprus Women's Cup is a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's association football. It has been held annually in Cyprus since 2008.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus_Women's_Cup
  • Type: Thing, Organization, SportsOrganization
  • Result Score: 34.02
SS Cyprus

SS Cyprus

Lake freighter

  • Desc: SS Cyprus was a lake freighter that sank during a gale storm on Lake Superior on 11 October 1907. The ship went down in 460 feet of water at 46.79°N 85.60°W, in United States waters about 8 miles north of Deer Park in Luce County, Michigan.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Cyprus
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 30.15

Cyprus Basketball Division A

League

Cyprus women's national football team

Football team

Cyprus Airways

Airline

  • Desc: Charlie Airlines, operating as Cyprus Airways, is a Cypriot airline based at Larnaca International Airport.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus_Airways
  • Type: Thing, Organization, Corporation, Airline
  • Result Score: 22.33
Cupressaceae

Cupressaceae

Plants

  • Desc: Cupressaceae is a conifer family, the cypress family, with worldwide distribution. The family includes 27–30 genera, which include the junipers and redwoods, with about 130–140 species in total.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cupressaceae
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 19.57
Dali

Dali

Village in Cyprus

  • Desc: Dali is a large village in Cyprus, located south east of the capital Nicosia and close to the ancient city of Idalion. In 2001, it had a population of 5,834. By 2011, the population had almost doubled to 10,466.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dali,_Cyprus
  • Type: Thing, City, Place
  • Result Score: 18.62

Cypriot First Division

Football league

  • Desc: The Cypriot First Division; is the top tier football league competition in Cyprus, run by the Cyprus Football Association. Since February 2016, it is sponsored by Cyta and thus officially known as Cyta Championship.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cypriot_First_Division
  • Type: Thing, Organization, SportsOrganization
  • Result Score: 17.32
Geri

Geri

Town in Cyprus

  • Desc: Geri is a town in Cyprus, 10 kilometres south-east of the capital Nicosia. In 2001, it had a population of 6,643. As of 2011, its population was 8,235. Following a referendum in 2011, Geri has become a municipality.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geri,_Cyprus
  • Type: Thing, City, Place
  • Result Score: 16.51
Mediterranean cypress

Mediterranean cypress

Plants

  • Desc: Cupressus sempervirens, the Mediterranean cypress, is a species of cypress native to the eastern Mediterranean region, in northeast Libya, southern Albania, coastal Bulgaria, southern coastal Croatia, southern Montenegro, southern Bosnia and Herzegovina, southern Greece, southern Turkey, Cyprus, northern Egypt, western Syria, Lebanon, Malta, Italy, Palestine, Israel, western Jordan, South Caucasus, and also a disjunct population in Iran.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cupressus_sempervirens
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 12.71

Cyprus national under-19 football team

Football team

The Cyprus Agency

The Blacklist episode

  • Desc: "The Cyprus Agency" is the thirteenth episode of the first season of the American crime drama The Blacklist. The episode premiered in the United States on NBC on January 27, 2014.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Cyprus_Agency
  • Type: Thing, TVEpisode
  • Result Score: 7.45
Leyland cypress

Leyland cypress

Plants

  • Desc: The Leyland cypress, Cupressus × leylandii, often referred to simply as leylandii, is a fast-growing coniferous evergreen tree much used in horticulture, primarily for hedges and screens.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leyland_cypress
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 7.19
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