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Calais


Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e7/Zone_portuaire_calais_phare.jpg/50px-Zone_portuaire_calais_phare.jpg

Description. Lang: en

Calais (UK:  KAL-ay, US:  kal-AY, traditionally  KAL-iss, French: [kalɛ] (listen); Picard: Calés; Dutch: Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.  Although Calais is by far the largest city in Pas-de-Calais, the department's prefecture is its third-largest city of Arras. The population of the metropolitan area at the 2010 census was 126,395. Calais overlooks the Strait of Dover, the narrowest point in the English Channel, which is only 34 km (21 mi) wide here, and is the closest French town to England.  The White Cliffs of Dover can easily be seen on a clear day from Calais.  Calais is a major port for ferries between France and England, and since 1994, the Channel Tunnel has linked nearby Coquelles to Folkestone by rail.
Due to its position, Calais since the Middle Ages has been a major port and a very important centre for transport and trading with England. Calais came under English control after Edward III of England captured the city in 1347, followed by a treaty in 1360 that formally assigned Calais to English rule.  Calais grew into a thriving centre for wool production, and came to be called the "brightest jewel in the English crown" owing to its great importance as the gateway for the tin, lead, lace and wool trades (or "staples"). Calais remained under English control until its capture by France in 1558. The town was virtually razed to the ground during World War II, when in May 1940, it was a strategic bombing target of the invading German forces who took the town during the Siege of Calais.  During World War II, the Germans built massive bunkers along the coast in preparation for launching missiles on England.
The old part of the town, Calais proper (known as Calais-Nord), is situated on an artificial island surrounded by canals and harbours. The modern part of the town, St-Pierre, lies to the south and south-east. In the centre of the old town is the Place d'Armes, in which stands the Tour du Guet, or watch-tower, a structure built in the 13th century, which was used as a lighthouse until 1848 when a new lighthouse was built by the port. South east of the Place is the church of Notre-Dame, built during the English occupancy of Calais. It is arguably the only church built in the English perpendicular style in all of France. In this church former French President Charles de Gaulle married his wife Yvonne Vendroux. South of the Place and opposite the Parc St Pierre is the Hôtel-de-ville (the town hall), and the belfry from the early 20th century. Today, Calais is visited by more than 10 million annually. Aside from being a key transport hub, Calais is also a notable fishing port and a centre for fish marketing, and some 3,000 people are still employed in the lace industry for which the town is also famed.
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Calais

Calais

City in France

  • Desc: Calais is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture. Although Calais is by far the largest city in Pas-de-Calais, the department's prefecture is its third-largest city of Arras.
  • URL: http://www.mairie-calais.fr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calais
  • Type: City, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 2641.13
Pas-de-Calais

Pas-de-Calais

French Department

  • Desc: Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pas-de-Calais
  • Type: Place, Thing, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 198.76
Calais Campbell

Calais Campbell

American football defensive end

  • Desc: Calais Malik Campbell is an American football defensive end for the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League. He played college football at the University of Miami, and was drafted by the Arizona Cardinals in the second round of the 2008 NFL Draft.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calais_Campbell
  • Type: Person, Thing
  • Result Score: 184.84
Calais

Calais

City in Maine

  • Desc: Calais is a city in Washington County, Maine, United States. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 3,123, making Calais the third least-populous city in Maine. The city has three Canada–US border crossings over the St. Croix River connecting to St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada.
  • URL: http://www.calaismaine.govoffice.com/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calais,_Maine
  • Type: AdministrativeArea, Place, Thing, City
  • Result Score: 126.90

Murder on the Orient Express

Novel by Agatha Christie

  • Desc: Murder on the Orient Express is a detective novel by English writer Agatha Christie featuring the Belgian detective Hercule Poirot. It was first published in the United Kingdom by the Collins Crime Club on 1 January 1934.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_on_the_Orient_Express
  • Type: Book, Thing
  • Result Score: 115.69
Nord-Pas-de-Calais

Nord-Pas-de-Calais

French Region

  • Desc: Nord-Pas-de-Calais is a former administrative region of France. Since 1 January 2016, it is part of the new region Hauts-de-France. It consisted of the departments of Nord and Pas-de-Calais. Nord-Pas-de-Calais borders the English Channel, the North Sea, Belgium and Picardy.
  • URL: http://www.nordpasdecalais.fr/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nord-Pas-de-Calais
  • Type: Place, Thing, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 102.12
Arques

Arques

Commune in France

Méricourt

Méricourt

Commune in France

Marck

Marck

Commune in France

Barlin

Barlin

Commune in France

Lens

Lens

Commune in France

Annay

Annay

Commune in France

Calais RUFC

Football club

  • Desc: Calais Racing Union FC was a French football club based in Calais, France. Calais RUFC was founded in 1974 after a merger of two local clubs and, as an amateur club, reached the 2000 Coupe de France Final which it lost to top-flight FC Nantes Atlantique.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calais_RUFC
  • Type: Thing, SportsTeam
  • Result Score: 40.47
Calais

Calais

Town in Vermont

  • Desc: Calais is a town in Washington County, Vermont, United States. The population was 1,607 at the 2010 census. Calais is homophonous with callous.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calais,_Vermont
  • Type: AdministrativeArea, Place, Thing, City
  • Result Score: 35.51
Hinges

Hinges

Commune in France

Mametz

Mametz

Commune in France

Andres

Andres

Commune in France

Acq

Acq

Commune in France

Marquise

Marquise

Commune in France

Rely

Rely

Commune in France

Avion

Avion

Commune in France

Strait of Dover

Strait of Dover

Strait

  • Desc: The Strait of Dover or Dover Strait, historically known as the Dover Narrows, is the strait at the narrowest part of the English Channel, marking the boundary between the Channel and North Sea, separating Great Britain from continental Europe.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strait_of_Dover
  • Type: Place, Thing
  • Result Score: 9.45
Saint-Omer

Saint-Omer

Commune in France

  • Desc: Saint-Omer is a commune in France. It is a commune and sub-prefecture of the Pas-de-Calais department 68 km west-northwest of Lille on the railway to Calais. The town is named after Saint Audomar, who brought Christianity to the area.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint-Omer
  • Type: City, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 7.86
Berck

Berck

Commune in France

  • Desc: Berck, sometimes referred to as Berck-sur-Mer, is a commune in the northern French department of Pas-de-Calais. It lies within the Marquenterre regional park, an ornithological nature reserve.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berck
  • Type: City, Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 7.53
Nord

Nord

French Department

  • Desc: Nord is a department in the far north of France. It was created from the western halves of the historical counties of Flanders and Hainaut, and the Bishopric of Cambrai. The modern coat of arms was inherited from the County of Flanders. Nord is the country's most populous department.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nord_(French_department)
  • Type: Place, Thing, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 7.07

Calais

Aviso

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 7.00
Calais

Calais

Insect

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