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Cactus

Description. Lang: en

A cactus (plural: cacti, cactuses, or less commonly, cactus) is a member of the plant family Cactaceae, a family comprising about 127 genera with some 1750 known species of the order Caryophyllales. The word "cactus" derives, through Latin, from the Ancient Greek κάκτος, kaktos, a name originally used by Theophrastus for a spiny plant whose identity is not certain. Cacti occur in a wide range of shapes and sizes. Most cacti live in habitats subject to at least some drought. Many live in extremely dry environments, even being found in the Atacama Desert, one of the driest places on earth. Cacti show many adaptations to conserve water. Almost all cacti are succulents, meaning they have thickened, fleshy parts adapted to store water. Unlike many other succulents, the stem is the only part of most cacti where this vital process takes place. Most species of cacti have lost true leaves, retaining only spines, which are highly modified leaves. As well as defending against herbivores, spines help prevent water loss by reducing air flow close to the cactus and providing some shade. In the absence of leaves, enlarged stems carry out photosynthesis. Cacti are native to the Americas, ranging from Patagonia in the south to parts of western Canada in the north—except for Rhipsalis baccifera, which also grows in Africa and Sri Lanka.
Cactus spines are produced from specialized structures called areoles, a kind of highly reduced branch. Areoles are an identifying feature of cacti. As well as spines, areoles give rise to flowers, which are usually tubular and multipetaled. Many cacti have  short growing seasons and long dormancies, and are able to react quickly to any rainfall, helped by an extensive but relatively shallow root system that quickly absorbs any water reaching the ground surface. Cactus stems are often ribbed or fluted, which allows them to expand and contract easily for quick water absorption after rain, followed by long drought periods. Like other succulent plants, most cacti employ a special mechanism called "crassulacean acid metabolism" (CAM) as part of photosynthesis. Transpiration, during which carbon dioxide enters the plant and water escapes, does not take place during the day at the same time as photosynthesis, but instead occurs at night. The plant stores the carbon dioxide it takes in as malic acid, retaining it until daylight returns, and only then using it in photosynthesis. Because transpiration takes place during the cooler, more humid night hours, water loss is significantly reduced.
Many smaller cacti have globe-shaped stems, combining the highest possible volume for water storage, with the lowest possible surface area for water loss from transpiration. The tallest free-standing cactus is Pachycereus pringlei, with a maximum recorded height of 19.2 m (63 ft), and the smallest is Blossfeldia liliputiana, only about 1 cm (0.4 in) in diameter at maturity. A fully grown saguaro (Carnegiea gigantea) is said to be able to absorb as much as 200 U.S. gallons (760 l; 170 imp gal) of water during a rainstorm. A few species differ significantly in appearance from most of the family. At least superficially, plants of the genus Pereskia resemble other trees and shrubs growing around them. They have persistent leaves, and when older, bark-covered stems. Their areoles identify them as cacti, and in spite of their appearance, they, too, have many adaptations for water conservation. Pereskia is considered close to the ancestral species from which all cacti evolved. In tropical regions, other cacti grow as forest climbers and epiphytes (plants that grow on trees). Their stems are typically flattened, almost leaf-like in appearance, with fewer or even no spines, such as the well-known Christmas cactus or Thanksgiving cactus (in the genus Schlumbergera).
Cacti have a variety of uses: many species are used as ornamental plants, others are grown for fodder or forage, and others for food (particularly their fruit). Cochineal is the product of an insect that lives on some cacti.
Many succulent plants in both the Old and New World – such as some Euphorbiaceae (euphorbias) – bear a striking resemblance to cacti, and may incorrectly be called "cactus" in common usage.
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Cactus

Cactus

Plants

  • Desc: A cactus is a member of the plant family Cactaceae, a family comprising about 127 genera with some 1750 known species of the order Caryophyllales.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cactus
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 7727.35
Travis Scott

Travis Scott

American rapper

Cactus

Cactus

Supermarket company

  • Desc: Cactus is the name of a Luxembourg supermarket business. It is one of Luxembourg’s leading family-run businesses, known for food and general "quality of life" stores of several sizes using the brands Cactus, Supercactus, Cactus marché and CactusShoppi.
  • URL: http://www.cactus.lu
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cactus_(supermarket)
  • Type: Corporation, Thing, Organization
  • Result Score: 1152.02
Aloe vera

Aloe vera

Plants

  • Desc: Aloe vera is a succulent plant species of the genus Aloe. An evergreen perennial, it originates from the Arabian Peninsula, but grows wild in tropical, semi-tropical, and arid climates around the world.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aloe_vera
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 964.16
Shaquille O'Neal

Shaquille O'Neal

American basketball player

  • Desc: Shaquille Rashaun "Shaq" O'Neal is a retired professional American basketball player who is a sports analyst on the television program Inside the NBA on TNT. He is considered one of the greatest players in National Basketball Association history. At 7 ft 1 in tall and 325 pounds, he was one of the tallest and heaviest players ever. O'Neal played for six teams over his 19-year career.
  • URL: http://shaq.com/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaquille_O'Neal
  • Type: Person, Thing
  • Result Score: 858.81
Mike Gordon

Mike Gordon

American bass guitarist

Barbary fig

Barbary fig

Plants

  • Desc: Opuntia ficus-indica is a species of cactus that has long been a domesticated crop plant grown in agricultural economies throughout arid and semiarid parts of the world.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opuntia_ficus-indica
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 437.55
Cactus Club Cafe

Cactus Club Cafe

Restaurant company

  • Desc: Cactus Club Cafe is a Canadian premium casual restaurant chain that originated in North Vancouver, British Columbia. The chain has since expanded to 31 locations throughout Canada, with other locations throughout British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Ontario.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cactus_Club_Cafe
  • Type: Thing, Corporation, Organization, Restaurant
  • Result Score: 419.69

Cactus Moser

Singer

  • Type: Thing, Person
  • Result Score: 393.33
Peyote

Peyote

Plants

  • Desc: Lophophora williamsii or peyote is a small, spineless cactus with psychoactive alkaloids, particularly mescaline. Peyote is a Spanish word derived from the Nahuatl, or Aztec, peyōtl, meaning "glisten" or "glistening".
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peyote
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 384.30
San Pedro cactus

San Pedro cactus

Plants

  • Desc: Echinopsis pachanoi — known as San Pedro cactus — is a fast-growing columnar cactus native to the Andes Mountains at 2,000–3,000 m in altitude. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru, and it is cultivated in other parts of the world.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinopsis_pachanoi
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 326.37
Prickly pear

Prickly pear

Plants

  • Desc: Opuntia, commonly called prickly pear, is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae. Prickly pears are also known as tuna, sabra, nopal from the Nahuatl word nōpalli for the pads, or nostle, from the Nahuatl word nōchtli for the fruit; or paddle cactus.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opuntia
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 290.36
Mick Foley

Mick Foley

American actor

Queen of the Night

Queen of the Night

Plants

  • Desc: Epiphyllum oxypetalum is a species of cactus and one of the most cultivated species in the genus. E. oxypetalum blooms rarely and only at night, and its flowers wilt before dawn.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epiphyllum_oxypetalum
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 229.54
Schlumbergera

Schlumbergera

Plants

  • Desc: Schlumbergera is a small genus of cacti with six to nine species found in the coastal mountains of south-eastern Brazil. Plants grow on trees or rocks in habitats that are generally shady with high humidity, and can be quite different in appearance from their desert-dwelling cousins.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schlumbergera
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 229.41
Pencil cactus

Pencil cactus

Plants

Saguaro

Saguaro

Plants

  • Desc: The saguaro is an arborescent cactus species in the monotypic genus Carnegiea, which can grow to be over 40 feet tall. It is native to the Sonoran Desert in Arizona, the Mexican State of Sonora, and the Whipple Mountains and Imperial County areas of California.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saguaro
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 207.82

Cactus McCoy 2: The Ruins of Calavera

Video game

Golden barrel cactus

Golden barrel cactus

Plants

  • Desc: Echinocactus grusonii, popularly known as the golden barrel cactus, golden ball or mother-in-law's cushion, is a well known species of cactus, and is endemic to east-central Mexico.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinocactus_grusonii
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 196.62
Large-flowered cactus

Large-flowered cactus

Plants

  • Desc: Selenicereus grandiflorus is a cactus species originating from the Antilles, Mexico and Central America. The species is commonly referred to as queen of the night, night-blooming cereus, large-flowered cactus, sweet-scented cactus or vanilla cactus.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selenicereus_grandiflorus
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 192.84
Epiphyllum

Epiphyllum

Plants

  • Desc: Epiphyllum is a genus of 19 species of epiphytic plants in the cactus family, native to Central America. Common names for these species include climbing cacti, orchid cacti and leaf cacti, though the latter also refers to the genus Pereskia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epiphyllum
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 186.42
Schlumbergera truncata

Schlumbergera truncata

Plants

  • Desc: Schlumbergera truncata, the false Christmas cactus, is a species of plant in the family Cactaceae. It is endemic to a small area of the coastal mountains of south-eastern Brazil where its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist forests.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schlumbergera_truncata
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 181.50

Cactus Flower

1969 film

  • Desc: Cactus Flower is a 1969 American comedy film directed by Gene Saks and starring Walter Matthau, Ingrid Bergman, and Goldie Hawn, who won an Oscar for her performance. The screenplay was adapted by I. A. L.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cactus_Flower_(film)
  • Type: Thing, CreativeWork, Movie
  • Result Score: 169.99
Fishbone cactus

Fishbone cactus

Plants

  • Desc: Epiphyllum anguliger, commonly known as the fishbone cactus or zig zag cactus, is a cactus species native to Mexico. The species is commonly grown as an ornamental for its fragrant flowers in the fall. The fruit tastes good, rather like gooseberries.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epiphyllum_anguliger
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 165.90
Bunny ears cactus

Bunny ears cactus

Plants

Crayon Shin-chan: My Moving Story! Cactus Large Attack!

2015 film

White-fleshed pitahaya

White-fleshed pitahaya

Plants

  • Desc: Hylocereus undatus, the white-fleshed pitahaya, is a species of Cactaceae and is the most cultivated species in the genus. It is used both as an ornamental vine and as a fruit crop - the pitahaya or dragon fruit.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hylocereus_undatus
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 153.50
Blue Myrtle-Cactus

Blue Myrtle-Cactus

Plants

Mammillaria

Mammillaria

Plants

  • Desc: Mammillaria is one of the largest genera in the cactus family, with currently 200 known species and varieties recognized. Most of the mammillarias are native to Mexico, but some come from the southwest United States, the Caribbean, Colombia, Venezuela, Guatemala and Honduras.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mammillaria
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 146.86
Hedgehog cacti

Hedgehog cacti

Plants

  • Desc: Echinopsis is a large genus of cacti native to South America, sometimes known as hedgehog cactus, sea-urchin cactus or Easter lily cactus. One small species, E. chamaecereus, is known as the peanut cactus. The 128 species range from large and treelike types to small globose cacti.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinopsis
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 137.78

Conchilinque

Plants

  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 136.98
Gymnocalycium mihanovichii

Gymnocalycium mihanovichii

Plants

  • Desc: Gymnocalycium mihanovichii is a species of cactus from South America. The most popular cultivars are varied mutants which completely lack chlorophyll, exposing the red, orange, or yellow pigmentation.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gymnocalycium_mihanovichii
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 126.27
Cereus repandus

Cereus repandus

Plants

  • Desc: Cereus repandus, the Peruvian apple cactus, is a large, erect, thorny columnar cactus found in South America. It is also known as giant club cactus, hedge cactus, cadushi, and kayush.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cereus_repandus
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 117.35
Cereus

Cereus

Plants

  • Desc: Cereus is a genus of cacti including around 33 species of large columnar cacti from South America. The name is derived from Greek and Latin words meaning "wax", "torch" or "candle".
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cereus_(plant)
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 107.43
Gymnocalycium

Gymnocalycium

Plants

  • Desc: Gymnocalycium, commonly called chin cactus, is a genus of about 70 South American species of cactus. The genus name Gymnocalycium refers to the flower buds bearing no hair or spines.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gymnocalycium
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 107.43
Seven star cactus

Seven star cactus

Plants

The Cactus Garden

The Cactus Garden

Botanical garden in Guatiza, Spain

  • Desc: The Jardín de Cactus is a cactus garden on the island of Lanzarote in the Canary Islands. It is situated in the village of Guatiza, in a former quarry where volcanic sand was extracted to spread on cultivated areas to retain moisture.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jard%C3%ADn_de_Cactus
  • Type: Thing, TouristAttraction, Place
  • Result Score: 104.52

Cactus Shadows High School

Public high school in Scottsdale, Arizona

  • Desc: Cactus Shadows High School is a public high school located in Cave Creek, Arizona. It is the only high school in the Cave Creek Unified School District. In 1974 the first committee met in Cave Creek to form a high school. In the fall of 1982, the doors opened to the first campus located at 60th Street with grades 7-9. The first graduating class was in 1986. In January 1995, Cactus Shadows High School opened in its current location at 5802 E. Dove Valley Rd. In the summer of 1999, the second phase of building the campus was completed.
  • URL: http://ccusd93.org/education/school/school.php?sectionid=11
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cactus_Shadows_High_School
  • Type: Thing, Organization, EducationalOrganization, Place, School
  • Result Score: 96.61
Cactus wren

Cactus wren

Bird

  • Desc: The cactus wren is a species of wren that is endemic to parts of the southwestern United States and northern and central Mexico. There are eight generally recognized subspecies. The wren has prominent white eyebrows that stretch to the nape of the neck. They are brown with black and white spots as markings. The tail, as well as certain flight feathers, are also barred in black and white. The chest is whiter, while the underparts are cinnamon-buff colored. Their song is harsh and raspy; ornithologists have described it as like a car engine that will not start.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cactus_wren
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 95.69
Euphorbia lactea

Euphorbia lactea

Plants

  • Desc: Euphorbia lactea is a species of spurge native to tropical Asia, mainly in India. It is an erect shrub growing up to 5 metres tall, with succulent branches 3–5 centimetres diameter, ridged, with a triangular or rhombic cross-section; the ridges are spiny, with short spines up to 5 millimetres long.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euphorbia_lactea
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 93.61
White-winged dove

White-winged dove

Bird

  • Desc: The white-winged dove is a dove whose native range extends from the south-western United States through Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White-winged_dove
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 85.64
Mexican giant cactus

Mexican giant cactus

Plants

  • Desc: Pachycereus pringlei, also known as Mexican giant cardon or elephant cactus, is a species of cactus native to northwestern Mexico in the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, and Sonora.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pachycereus_pringlei
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 82.98
Echinocactus

Echinocactus

Plants

  • Desc: Echinocactus is a genus of cacti in the subfamily Cactoideae. The generic name derives from the Ancient Greek εχινος, meaning "spiny," and cactus. It and Ferocactus are the two genera of barrel cactus. Members of the genus usually have heavy spination and relatively small flowers. The fruits are copiously woolly, and this is one major distinction between Echinocactus and Ferocactus. Propagation is by seed.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinocactus
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 77.57
Ferocactus

Ferocactus

Plants

  • Desc: Ferocactus is a genus of large barrel-shaped cacti, mostly with large spines and small flowers. There are about 30 species included in the genus. They are found in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferocactus
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 72.76
Cephalocereus senilis

Cephalocereus senilis

Plants

  • Desc: Cephalocereus senilis, the old man cactus, is a species of cactus native to Guanajuato and Hidalgo in eastern Mexico. It is threatened in the wild, but widespread propagation and popularity in cultivation have reduced the demand on wild populations.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cephalocereus_senilis
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 70.90
Echinocereus

Echinocereus

Plants

  • Desc: Echinocereus is a genus of ribbed, usually small to medium-sized cylindrical cacti, comprising about 70 species native to the southern United States and Mexico in very sunny rocky places. Usually the flowers are large and the fruit edible.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinocereus
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 68.58
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