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Armenian Highlands

Description. Lang: en

The Armenian Highlands (Armenian: Հայկական լեռնաշխարհ, romanized: Haykakan leṙnašxarh; also known as the Armenian Upland,  Armenian plateau, Armenian tableland or simply Armenia) is the most central and the highest of the three plateaus that together form the northern sector of Western Asia. To its west is the Anatolian plateau, which rises slowly from the lowland coast of the Aegean Sea and converges with the Armenian Highlands to the east of Cappadocia. To its southeast is the Iranian plateau, where the elevation drops rapidly by about 600 metres (2,000 ft) to 1,500 metres (5,000 ft) above sea level. The Caucasus extends to the northeast of the Armenian Highlands. To the southwest of the Armenian Highlands is Upper Mesopotamia.
During the Iron Age, the region was known by variations of the name Ararat (Urartu, Uruatri, Urashtu). During Antiquity, it was known as "Armenia Major," a central region to the history of Armenians, and one of the four geo-political regions associated with Armenians, the other three being Armenia Minor, Sophene, and Commagene. The present-day Armenians are an amalgam of the Indo-European groups with the Hurrians and Urartians.Since the 1040s, the highlands have been under the rule of various Turkic peoples and the Safavid dynasty. Much of Eastern Armenia, which had been ruled by the Safavids from the 16th century, came under Russian control in 1828. While much of Western Armenia was under the rule of the Ottomans and later incorporated into Turkey. The highlands are divided into western and eastern regions, defined by the Ararat Valley where Mount Ararat is located. The region to the west of the Ararat Valley, which was conventionally called "Western Armenia", is now part of present-day eastern Anatolia, and the region to the east, which was conventionally called "Eastern Armenia," is now referred to as "Lesser Caucasus" or "Caucasus Minor."
The region was historically mainly inhabited by Armenians, and minorities of Assyrians, Georgians, Greeks, Jews, and Iranians. During the Middle Ages, Arabs and particularly Turkmens and Kurds settled in large numbers in the Armenian Highlands. The Christian population of the western half of the region was exterminated during the Armenian Genocide of 1915 and on a smaller scale the Assyrian and Greek Genocides.
Today, the eastern half is mainly inhabited by Armenians, Azerbaijanis, and Georgians, while the western half is mainly inhabited by Azerbaijanis, Kurds (including Yazidis), Turks, and Zazas, with a minority of Assyrians.
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Armenian Highlands

Armenian Highlands

Highland in Turkey

  • Desc: The Armenian Highlands is the most central and the highest of the three plateaus that together form the northern sector of Western Asia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_Highlands
  • Type: Thing, Place, Mountain
  • Result Score: 1578.33
Armenians

Armenians

Ethnic group

  • Desc: Armenians are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands of Western Asia. Armenians constitute the main population of Armenia and the de facto independent Artsakh.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenians
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 1.67
Armenian language

Armenian language

Spoken language

  • Desc: The Armenian language is an Indo-European language that is the only language in the Armenian branch. It is the official language of Armenia as well as the de facto Republic of Artsakh.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_language
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 1.60
Armenian gampr

Armenian gampr

Dog breed

  • Desc: Armenian Gampr is a livestock guardian dog native to the Armenian Highlands. It is not recognized by major kennel clubs or fancier organizations as a dog breed because it is a landrace.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_Gampr_dog
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 0.61
Armenia

Armenia

Country in Asia

  • Desc: Armenia, officially the Republic of Armenia, is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located in Western Asia on the Armenian Highlands, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijan's exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.
  • URL: http://www.gov.am/en/
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenia
  • Type: Thing, Country, Place, AdministrativeArea
  • Result Score: 0.13
Armenian cochineal

Armenian cochineal

Insect

  • Desc: The Armenian cochineal, also known as the Ararat cochineal or Ararat scale, is a scale insect indigenous to the Ararat plain and Aras River valley in the Armenian Highlands.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_cochineal
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 0.11
Anatolia

Anatolia

Region

  • Desc: Anatolia, also known as Asia Minor, Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula or the Anatolian plateau, is a large peninsula in West Asia and the westernmost protrusion of the Asian continent. It makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anatolia
  • Type: Thing, Place
  • Result Score: 0.05
Armenian tulip

Armenian tulip

Plants

  • Desc: Tulipa armena, the Armenian tulip, is an Asian species of tulip native to the historical Armenian Highlands as the name implies; current regions of Armenia, modern day Turkey, Iran, and South Caucasus.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tulipa_armena
  • Type: Thing
  • Result Score: 0.05
Caucasus

Caucasus

Region

Euphrates

Euphrates

River in Asia

  • Desc: The Euphrates is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia. Together with the Tigris, it is one of the two defining rivers of Mesopotamia.
  • Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euphrates
  • Type: Thing, BodyOfWater, RiverBodyOfWater, Place, Cemetery
  • Result Score: 0.05

My Heart's in the Highlands

One-act by William Saroyan

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